Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International



Home > Press > Promising sensors for submarines, mines and spacecraft: MSU scientists are developing nanostructured gas sensors that would work at room temperature

This is a hydrogen sensor scheme.
CREDIT
Alexander Ilyin
This is a hydrogen sensor scheme. CREDIT Alexander Ilyin

Abstract:
Researchers from the Physics Department of Moscow State University and their colleagues have discovered a mechanism that allows gas sensors, based on nanocrystalline metal oxides, to work at room temperature. This invention will raise the efficiency of environmental monitoring at nuclear power plants, on submarines and spacecrafts. The discovery was reported in Scientific Reports.

Promising sensors for submarines, mines and spacecraft: MSU scientists are developing nanostructured gas sensors that would work at room temperature

Moscow, Russia | Posted on November 10th, 2017

Scientists have proposed a new fundamental principle of operation of hydrogen sensors. Unlike most resistive gas detectors, it does not need to be heated and only requires visible light. This discovery will significantly reduce the energy consumption of the sensor and expand its scope.

"Such sensors can be used in explosive environments or be built into mobile devices without constructing additional heat sink systems," said Alexander Ilyin, a co-author of the study, a PhD student at the Physics Department of Moscow State University.

Researchers have found out that composites based on zinc and indium oxides can significantly increase the sensitivity of the sensor to hydrogen. Physicists have also proposed an explanation for the hypersensitivity of the designed composite. In their opinion, the sensor response mechanism consists in a change in the processes of generation and recombination of nonequilibrium electrons when the composite is interacting with hydrogen. Composites with a certain structure provide a more significant change in these processes.

Samples for the sensor were made from nanocrystalline indium and zinc oxide powders. The structure and particle size were studied by the means of transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The electrical and sensor characteristics of the structureswere studied in the new designed setup, in which the required temperature of the composite and the concentration of hydrogen were well controlled.

The obtained results would allow the scientists to develop a new type of resistive hydrogen sensor that works under additional illumination without heating. Such sensors are promising not only for effective monitoring of environmental pollution in industrial plants, but also for constant monitoring of air in closed facilities (submarines, mines, spacecraft) where the slightest change in the chemical composition can lead to human casualties.

###

The research was carried out jointly with the scientists of N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics RAS, National Research Center «Kurchatov Institute» (NRCKI) and Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (NIFKhI).

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Yana Khlyustova

Copyright © Lomonosov Moscow State University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

RELATED JOURNAL ARTICLE:

Related News Press

News and information

Hanging by a thread: Imaging and probing chains of single atoms: Scientists develop a method to visualize monoatomic chains and measure the strength and conductance of single-atom bonds May 14th, 2021

Nanophotonics enhanced coverslip for phase imaging in biology May 14th, 2021

New technology enables rapid sequencing of entire genomes of plant pathogens May 14th, 2021

Harvesting light like nature does:Synthesizing a new class of bio-inspired, light-capturing nanomaterials May 14th, 2021

Mining/Extraction/Drilling

Chile coating and composite industry makes leap forward leveraging graphene nanotube solutions April 9th, 2021

CEA-Leti and Davey Bickford Enaex Extend R&D Collaboration To Bring More Digital Solutions to Mining and Blasting Industries That Improve Safety for Workers and Increase Productivity November 17th, 2020

Membrane technology could cut emissions and energy use in oil refining July 17th, 2020

Marine/Watercraft

Expanding the freedom of design: powder coating on FRP thanks to conductive gelcoats with graphene nanotubes March 3rd, 2021

A quantum material-based diagnostic paint to sense problems before structural failure October 23rd, 2020

Sensors

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Researchers realize high-efficiency frequency conversion on integrated photonic chip April 23rd, 2021

Wearable sensors that detect gas leaks April 19th, 2021

Discoveries

Emergence of a new heteronanostructure library May 14th, 2021

Hanging by a thread: Imaging and probing chains of single atoms: Scientists develop a method to visualize monoatomic chains and measure the strength and conductance of single-atom bonds May 14th, 2021

Nanophotonics enhanced coverslip for phase imaging in biology May 14th, 2021

You're so vein: Scientists discover faster way to manufacture vascular materials May 14th, 2021

Announcements

Emergence of a new heteronanostructure library May 14th, 2021

Nanophotonics enhanced coverslip for phase imaging in biology May 14th, 2021

New technology enables rapid sequencing of entire genomes of plant pathogens May 14th, 2021

Harvesting light like nature does:Synthesizing a new class of bio-inspired, light-capturing nanomaterials May 14th, 2021

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers/Posters

Hanging by a thread: Imaging and probing chains of single atoms: Scientists develop a method to visualize monoatomic chains and measure the strength and conductance of single-atom bonds May 14th, 2021

Nanophotonics enhanced coverslip for phase imaging in biology May 14th, 2021

New technology enables rapid sequencing of entire genomes of plant pathogens May 14th, 2021

Harvesting light like nature does:Synthesizing a new class of bio-inspired, light-capturing nanomaterials May 14th, 2021

Military

Implantable 'living pharmacy' could control body's sleep/wake cycles: Project receives DARPA contract worth up to $33 million over 4 1/2 years May 13th, 2021

Simple robots, smart algorithms April 30th, 2021

With new optical device, engineers can fine tune the color of light April 23rd, 2021

Silver ions hurry up, then wait as they disperse: Rice chemists show ions’ staged release from gold-silver nanoparticles could be useful property April 23rd, 2021

Aerospace/Space

You're so vein: Scientists discover faster way to manufacture vascular materials May 14th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

A silver lining for extreme electronics April 30th, 2021

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project