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Home > Nanotechnology Columns > Kos Galatsis

Kos Galatsis

January 20th, 2009
The Eyes and Ears of Nanotechnology
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

In the push for ubiquitous nanotechnology in the 21st century, may of us take for granted the science and technology that takes place behind the scenes. To make useful nanoproducts, one generally requires a) advanced nanomaterials, b) sophisticated fabrication tools and processes and c) integrated metrology tools and modeling. Let's look at the eyes and ears of nanotechnology, that being "metrology". Read the Whole Article


October 16th, 2008
Nanopatterning - saving Moore's Law
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

A major contributor to the semiconductor industry's success in sustaining Moore's Law is attributed to the advancement of lithography technology. Lithography is used to create features and patterns for devices, vias and interconnects that contribute to a working microprocessor, memory or application specific integrated circuits. The semiconductor industry is often referred to as the backbone of the information age, generating worldwide revenues of $256B in 2007. Lithography is the single largest cost factor in the manufacturing food chain, and hence being the most important. Read the Whole Article


August 21st, 2008
Turbo-charged Electronics
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

Remember the days of the abacus? The abacus was one of the first computational devices ever to exist. Abacus beads represent information (numeric values) based on their physical position along a wire. Today we use electrons to do the exact same thing. Electrons move from various locations (within a circuit), are processed (via logic/memory functions) then used as output signals (such as LEDs, pixels on an LCD monitor or sound via a speaker). However the "electronic" paradigm we are accustomed to could change. New paradigms such as spintronics, phonotics, orbitronics and plasmonics may lead the next nanoelectronic future. Read the Whole Article


April 24th, 2008
Nanotechnology: a worldwide snapshop.
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

I am currently in Japan, attending the 4th International Nanotechnology Conference on Communication and Cooperation. The conference has the unique mission in bringing together US, EU and Asian players to highlight and spur collaboration in nanotechnology. Considering my attendance and participation, what better act than to provide you with a passdown. Read the Whole Article


March 6th, 2008
IBM, Cisco and Sarkozy Updates
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

In kicking off 2008, we have seen some interesting plays within the semiconductor industry. IBM marching with EUV, Cisco leading the CPU core count and French President Nicolas Sarkozy becoming a nanoelectronic mogul. Read the Whole Article


January 18th, 2008
Glorious Graphene - the next nano wonder material
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

Extraordinary advances in graphene are now being reported on a daily basis. For good reason. Graphene boasts the most remarkable electronic properties ever to be discovered, making pundits like me feel bullish. I foresee graphene driving the next electronic revolution beyond Si within the next 5-10 years and becoming a fundamental part of integrated circuits by 2019. Read the Whole Article


December 13th, 2007
Rags to riches - Carbon Nanotubes
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

With almost two decades of intensive research in pushing CNT technology from the lab to the commercial world, many of us are still waiting to cash in. Most of us know that CNTs offer properties that few materials will ever match. Fabrication and control schemes that have traditionally smothered CNT progress are now maturing, meaning that a rags to riches story may just be around the corner. Read the Whole Article


October 31st, 2007
Terabytes, Imprint, Google and Oil
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

This month I have been left winded by numerous reported advances. Hitachi quadrupling hard disk capacity to terabytes, Toshiba validating imprint lithography technology for 22 nm node CMOS devices, Google hitting $700 and oil cracking through the $95 a barrel mark. Its all part of the nanotechnology equation - I'm spinning. Read the Whole Article


October 5th, 2007
The Gangsters of Nanoelectronics: Power and Variability
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

The semiconductor industry is extremely sophisticated. It is one of the few industries that meticulously maps out their future, identifying and predicting challenges ahead. Most of this foresight is captured in the numerous chapters of the International Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) which is a collective effort of semiconductor experts from around the world. There are numerous challenges that touch upon shortfalls in materials, devices, lithography, interconnects, integration and assembly, among others. Most of these challenges deal with fundamental nanotechnology limits as determined by the laws of thermodynamics and quantum mechanics. The greatest challenge that faces nanoelectronics is the prolific demise of transistor scaling, otherwise known as Moore's Law. The cause of this real fear comes from what I call the gangsters of nanoelectroincs. These are a) power dissipation, which elevates on-chip temperatures degrading chip performance and b) device-level variabilities, that make circuits unreliable and create design difficulties for engineers. There are many technologies cooking to circumvet these challenges, I present a few within this article. Read the Whole Article


August 22nd, 2007
Appreciating the "nano" in chip manufacturing
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

If its one industry that is steaming forward in nanotechnology, look no further than the semiconductor industry. The fact remains that this industry is by far the most sophisticated industry at the cutting edge of nanotechnology. With billions of dollars poured to built 60nm, 45nm and 32nm fabrication facilities, the semiconductor industry takes the prize in leading the "nano" way forward. Read the Whole Article


July 31st, 2007
Making $CASH$ by betting on nanotechnology & nanoelectronics
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

In my spare time, like many of us, I take joy in thinking about potential investment options to pocket some extra cash. If I had $1M in hand what would I do in the nano-space? I would become an angel investor, target some hot public traded nano-enabled companies, start-up a patent troll company focusing on some high growth nanotechnologies and purchase some quality nano domain names. Read the Whole Article


June 27th, 2007
Microelectronics or Nanoelectronics?
Kos Galatsis
Chief Operating Officer, FENA and WIN Centers, UCLA

Shall we refer to it as microelectornics, nanoelectronics or the semiconductor industry? It's a little confusing, but since most integrated circuit device and feature sizes have passed well below the 100nm limit (nm stands for nanometer), it would be fair to say we are in the midst of the transition to the new nanoelectronic domain (a subset of nanotechnology). With that said, so what's really changed? More transistors in my Playstation? More computational power in my laptop? More memory for my iPod? Yes, that's part of it. Such euphoric trends have blessed us for many years now, that being the size scaling of integrated circuit devices. But the hot question remains, will such exponential technological advancements continue indefinitely? Read the Whole Article

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