Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International



Home > Press > UCF researchers generate attosecond light from industrial laser: The ultrafast measurement of the motion of electrons inside atoms, molecules and solids at their natural time scale is known as attosecond science and could have important implications in power generation, chemical-

Abstract:
University of Central Florida researchers are making the cutting-edge field of attosecond science more accessible to researchers from all disciplines.

UCF researchers generate attosecond light from industrial laser: The ultrafast measurement of the motion of electrons inside atoms, molecules and solids at their natural time scale is known as attosecond science and could have important implications in power generation, chemical-

Orlando, FL | Posted on August 25th, 2020

Their method to help open up the field is detailed in a new study published today in the journal Science Advances.

An attosecond is one billionth of a billionth of a second, and the ability to make measurements with attosecond precision allows researchers to study the fast motion of electrons inside atoms and molecules at their natural time scale.

Measuring this fast motion can help researchers understand fundamental aspects of how light interacts with matter, which can inform efforts to harvest solar energy for power generation, detect chemical and biological weapons, perform medical diagnostics and more.

"One of the main challenges of attosecond science is that it relies on world-class laser facilities," says Michael Chini, an assistant professor in UCF's Department of Physics and the study's principal investigator. "We are fortunate to have one here at UCF, and there are probably another dozen worldwide. But unfortunately, none of them are truly operated as 'user facilities,' where scientists from other fields can come in and use them for research."

This lack of access creates a barrier for chemists, biologists, materials scientists and others who could benefit from applying attosecond science techniques to their fields, Chini says.

"Our work is a big step in the direction of making attosecond pulses more broadly accessible," Chini says.

"We show that industrial-grade lasers, which can be purchased commercially from dozens of vendors with a price tag of around $100,000, can now be used to generate attosecond pulses."

Chini says the setup is simple and can work with a wide variety of lasers with different parameters.

Attosecond science works somewhat like sonar or 3D laser mapping, but at a much smaller scale. When an attosecond light pulse passes through a material, the interaction with electrons in the material distorts the pulse. Measuring these distortions allows researchers to construct images of the electrons and make movies of their motion.

Typically, scientists have used complex laser systems, requiring large laboratory facilities and clean-room environments, as the driving lasers for attosecond science.

Producing the extremely short light pulses needed for attosecond research - essentially consisting of only a single oscillation cycle of an electromagnetic wave - has further required propagating the laser through tubes filled with noble gases, such as xenon or argon, to further compress the pulses in time.

But Chini's team has developed a way to get such few-cycle pulses out of more commonly available industrial-grade lasers, which previously could produce only much longer pulses.

They compress approximately 100-cycle pulses from the industrial-grade lasers by using molecular gases, such as nitrous oxide, in the tubes instead of noble gases and varying the length of the pulses they send through the gas.

In their paper, they demonstrate compression to only 1.6 cycles, and single-cycle pulses are within reach of the technique, the researchers say.

The choice of gas and duration of the pulses are key, says John Beetar, a doctoral student in UCF's Department of Physics and the study's lead author.

"If the tube is filled with a molecular gas, and in particular a gas of linear molecules, there can be an enhanced effect due to the tendency of the molecules to align with the laser field," Beetar says.

"However, this alignment-caused enhancement is only present if the pulses are long enough to both induce the rotational alignment and experience the effect caused by it," he says. "The choice of gas is important since the rotational alignment time is dependent on the inertia of the molecule, and to maximize the enhancement we want this to coincide with the duration of our laser pulses."

"The reduction in complexity associated with using a commercial, industrial-grade laser could make attosecond science more approachable and could enable interdisciplinary applications by scientists with little to no laser background," Beetar says.

###

Co-authors of the study also included M. Nrisimha Murty, a preeminent postdoctoral associate in UCF's Department of Physics; Tran-Chau Truong, a doctoral student in UCF's Department of Physics; Garima C. Nagar, a graduate student at Binghamton University; Yangyang Liu, a postdoctoral scholar in UCF's Department of Physics; Jonathan Nesper, a doctoral student in UCF's Department of Physics; Omar Suarez and Federico Rivas with UCF's Central Florida Physics Research Exchange Program; Yi Wu, a postdoctoral researcher with joint appointments in UCF's Department of Physics and UCF's College of Optics and Photonics; and Bonggu Shim, an associate professor of physics, applied physics and astronomy at Binghamton University.

Chini received his doctorate in physics from the University of Central Florida and his bachelor's in physics from McGill University. He has a secondary joint appointment in UCF's College of Optics and Photonics and joined UCF's Department of Physics, part of UCF's College of Sciences, in 2015.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Robert H Wells


@UCF

Copyright © University of Central Florida

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

RELATED JOURNAL ARTICLE:

Related News Press

News and information

The National Space Society Congratulates Blue Origin and Jeff Bezos for the Spectacular First Crewed Flight of the New Shepard: Well-Tested Suborbital Tourist Rocket Soars to 63 Miles; Opens New Frontiers July 21st, 2021

Unconventional superconductor acts the part of a promising quantum computing platform: If it looks like a duck, swims like a duck and quacks like a duck, then it probably is a duck. July 16th, 2021

Unlocking efficient light-energy conversion with stable coordination nanosheets: Scientists design a high-performance, self-powered, UV photodetector using 2D nanosheets that show record photocurrent stability under air exposure July 16th, 2021

The virus trap: Hollow nano-objects made of DNA could trap viruses and render them harmless July 16th, 2021

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

The virus trap: Hollow nano-objects made of DNA could trap viruses and render them harmless July 16th, 2021

Scientists create rechargeable swimming microrobots using oil and water July 16th, 2021

Scientists take first snapshots of ultrafast switching in a quantum electronic device: They discover a short-lived state that could lead to faster and more energy-efficient computing devices July 16th, 2021

Stress-free path to stress-free metallic films paves the way for next-gen circuitry: Optimized sputtering technique helps minimize stress in tungsten thin films July 4th, 2021

Possible Futures

The National Space Society Congratulates Blue Origin and Jeff Bezos for the Spectacular First Crewed Flight of the New Shepard: Well-Tested Suborbital Tourist Rocket Soars to 63 Miles; Opens New Frontiers July 21st, 2021

Scientists create rechargeable swimming microrobots using oil and water July 16th, 2021

Scientists take first snapshots of ultrafast switching in a quantum electronic device: They discover a short-lived state that could lead to faster and more energy-efficient computing devices July 16th, 2021

Researchers discover a new inorganic material with lowest thermal conductivity ever reported July 16th, 2021

Discoveries

Repairs using light signals: FAU research group develops smart microparticle that identifies defective parts in electrical appliances July 16th, 2021

Removing the lead hazard from perovskite solar cells July 16th, 2021

Scientists create rechargeable swimming microrobots using oil and water July 16th, 2021

Scientists take first snapshots of ultrafast switching in a quantum electronic device: They discover a short-lived state that could lead to faster and more energy-efficient computing devices July 16th, 2021

Announcements

The National Space Society Congratulates Blue Origin and Jeff Bezos for the Spectacular First Crewed Flight of the New Shepard: Well-Tested Suborbital Tourist Rocket Soars to 63 Miles; Opens New Frontiers July 21st, 2021

Scientists create rechargeable swimming microrobots using oil and water July 16th, 2021

Scientists take first snapshots of ultrafast switching in a quantum electronic device: They discover a short-lived state that could lead to faster and more energy-efficient computing devices July 16th, 2021

Researchers discover a new inorganic material with lowest thermal conductivity ever reported July 16th, 2021

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers/Posters

RUDN University chemists obtained an unusual planar nickel complex exhibiting magnetic properties July 16th, 2021

Repairs using light signals: FAU research group develops smart microparticle that identifies defective parts in electrical appliances July 16th, 2021

Scientists create rechargeable swimming microrobots using oil and water July 16th, 2021

Scientists take first snapshots of ultrafast switching in a quantum electronic device: They discover a short-lived state that could lead to faster and more energy-efficient computing devices July 16th, 2021

Homeland Security

Sensors developed at URI can identify threats at the molecular level: More sensitive than a dog's nose and the sensors don't get tired May 21st, 2021

Highly sensitive dopamine detector uses 2D materials August 7th, 2020

RIT researchers build micro-device to detect bacteria, viruses: New process improves lab-on-chip devices to isolate drug-resistant strains of bacterial infection, viruses April 17th, 2020

Nanomaterial fabric destroys nerve agents in battlefield-relevant conditions: Metal-organic framework-based composites donít need liquid water to work January 14th, 2020

Energy

Removing the lead hazard from perovskite solar cells July 16th, 2021

Researchers discover a new inorganic material with lowest thermal conductivity ever reported July 16th, 2021

Pushing the boundaries of colloidal quantum dots by making their sizes equal: Scientists demonstrate the relationship between optoelectronic performance and size uniformity in perovskite colloidal quantum dots June 25th, 2021

Light-harvesting nanoparticle catalysts show promise in quest for renewable carbon-based fuels June 25th, 2021

Grants/Sponsored Research/Awards/Scholarships/Gifts/Contests/Honors/Records

The National Space Society Congratulates Blue Origin and Jeff Bezos for the Spectacular First Crewed Flight of the New Shepard: Well-Tested Suborbital Tourist Rocket Soars to 63 Miles; Opens New Frontiers July 21st, 2021

The virus trap: Hollow nano-objects made of DNA could trap viruses and render them harmless July 16th, 2021

Removing the lead hazard from perovskite solar cells July 16th, 2021

Scientists create rechargeable swimming microrobots using oil and water July 16th, 2021

Photonics/Optics/Lasers

Unlocking efficient light-energy conversion with stable coordination nanosheets: Scientists design a high-performance, self-powered, UV photodetector using 2D nanosheets that show record photocurrent stability under air exposure July 16th, 2021

Repairs using light signals: FAU research group develops smart microparticle that identifies defective parts in electrical appliances July 16th, 2021

Graphene drum: Researchers develop new phonon laser design June 18th, 2021

Researchers tame silicon to interact with light for next-generation microelectronics June 11th, 2021

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project