Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors





Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


android tablet pc

Home > Press > Researchers enlist Cameca Nanosims Microprobe to determine origins of lunar water: Microprobes's results indicate water on Earth and Moon has similar origin

Abstract:
A research team made up of scientists from Brown University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, and Case Western Reserve University has determined from lunar samples brought back by the Apollo 15 and 17 Moon missions that water from the interiors of the Earth and the Moon has a common origin.

Researchers enlist Cameca Nanosims Microprobe to determine origins of lunar water: Microprobes's results indicate water on Earth and Moon has similar origin

Cedex, France | Posted on June 4th, 2013

The team examined melt inclusions found in the lunar rock samples. Melt inclusions are tiny dots of volcanic glass trapped within rock crystals that prevent water from escaping during eruptions. They provide a unique snapshot of the Moon's interior composition.

Team members at the Carnegie Institution in Washington relied on a CAMECA NanoSIMS 50L multicollector ion microprobe to measure the amount of deuterium, a hydrogen isotope that is found in varying amounts in water depending upon where the water molecules originated in the solar system.

The team's measurements revealed that the hydrogen isotopes in the lunar rock originate in a type of meteorite called carbonaceous chondrites that match the Earth's water suggesting that the two celestial bodies obtained their water from the same source.

Similar measurements were made previously by a research team consisting of scientists from UCLA, the University of Tennessee, Wesleyan University and Hokkaido University (Japan) using a CAMECA IMS 1280 ultra-high sensitivity ion microprobe.

This team also identified water and characterized the hydrogen/ deuterium isotopic composition in lunar rocks. Its results suggested other sources for water in lunar rocks, including lunar mantle, solar wind protons and comets.

Current scientific theory proposes that the Moon was formed from a massive disc of debris that resulted when a Mars-sized object hit the Earth 4.5 billion years ago. Although heat from the impact should have caused hydrogen and other volatile elements to boil off into space, evidence now suggests that the Earth was already wet at the time of the Moon-forming impact and that the water within the Moon was inherited from the Earth.

"The measurements themselves were very difficult, but the new data provide the best evidence yet that the carbonaceous chondrite meteorites were a common source for the water in the Earth and Moon, and perhaps the entire inner solar system," notes Erik Hauri of the Carnegie Institution.
CAMECA's NanoSIMS 50L ion microprobe proved uniquely capable of analyzing lunar melt inclusions. It offered the research team several key performance features that no other single instrument could provide. These include high spatial resolution (down to 50 nanometers), high sensitivity for all elements from hydrogen to uranium and above (parts per million in elemental imaging), high mass resolution, and parallel acquisition of up to seven elements or isotopes.

####

About CAMECA
CAMECA has more than 50 years of experience in the design, manufacture and servicing of scientific instruments for material micro- and nano-analysis. Since pioneering Electron Probe Microanalysis (EPMA) instrumentation in the 1950s and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) in the 1960s, CAMECA has remained an undisputed world leader, while achieving numerous breakthrough innovations in such complementary techniques as Low-energy Electron-induced X-ray Emission Spectrometry (LEXES) and Atom Probe Tomography.

More recently CAMECA has successfully evolved from a manufacturer of scientific instrumentation for the international research community to a provider of metrology solutions for the semiconductor industry. Headquartered near Paris, CAMECA has offices in China, Germany, India, Japan, Korea, Russia, Taiwan and the United States along with a global network of agents. It is a unit of the Materials Analysis Division of AMETEK, Inc., a leading global manufacturer of electronic instrument and electromechanical products.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Francois Horreard
+33 1 43 34 62 48

Copyright © CAMECA

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

University of Manchester selects Anasys AFM-IR for coatings and corrosion research July 30th, 2014

Nature inspires a greener way to make colorful plastics July 30th, 2014

Analytical solutions from Malvern Instruments support University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researchers in understanding environmental effects of nanomaterials July 30th, 2014

FEI Unveils New Solutions for Faster Time-to-Analysis in Metals Research July 30th, 2014

Announcements

University of Manchester selects Anasys AFM-IR for coatings and corrosion research July 30th, 2014

Nature inspires a greener way to make colorful plastics July 30th, 2014

Analytical solutions from Malvern Instruments support University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researchers in understanding environmental effects of nanomaterials July 30th, 2014

FEI Unveils New Solutions for Faster Time-to-Analysis in Metals Research July 30th, 2014

Tools

University of Manchester selects Anasys AFM-IR for coatings and corrosion research July 30th, 2014

Analytical solutions from Malvern Instruments support University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researchers in understanding environmental effects of nanomaterials July 30th, 2014

FEI Unveils New Solutions for Faster Time-to-Analysis in Metals Research July 30th, 2014

FEI adds Phase Plate Technology and Titan Halo TEM to its Structural Biology Product Portfolio: New solutions provide the high-quality imaging and contrast necessary to analyze the 3D structure of molecules and molecular complexes July 28th, 2014

Water

A new way to make microstructured surfaces: Method can produce strong, lightweight materials with specific surface properties July 29th, 2014

Researchers Use Various Zinc Oxide Nanostructures to Boost Efficiency of Water Purification Process July 13th, 2014

Harris & Harris Group Continues Its Blog Series to Highlight Most Impactful Portfolio Companies With Produced Water Absorbents, Inc. July 9th, 2014

LED Lamps Implemented in Removal of Pollutants from Water by Using Nanocatalysts July 1st, 2014

Aerospace/Space

National Space Society Calls For Less US Dependence On Russian Space Technology July 15th, 2014

Motorized Miniature Screw-Actuator Provides 20 nm Resolution, Based on Piezo Effect July 8th, 2014

NSS Pays Tribute to Space Pioneer Frederick I. Ordway III July 7th, 2014

Up in Flames: Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory: Berkeley Lab and University of Hawaii research outlines the story of soot, with implications for cleaner-burning fuels July 1st, 2014

Research partnerships

Breakthrough laser experiment reveals liquid-like motion of atoms in an ultra-cold cluster: University of Leicester research team unlocks insights into creation of new nano-materials July 25th, 2014

A*STAR and industry form S$200M semiconductor R&D July 25th, 2014

A Crystal Wedding in the Nanocosmos July 23rd, 2014

Penn Study: Understanding Graphene’s Electrical Properties on an Atomic Level July 22nd, 2014

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More














ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







© Copyright 1999-2014 7th Wave, Inc. All Rights Reserved PRIVACY POLICY :: CONTACT US :: STATS :: SITE MAP :: ADVERTISE