Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > UA Polymer Scientists Unpeel Secrets Of Nanohair Adhesion

Fine hairs on the soles of gecko feet allow the lizards to climb vertical surfaces with ease. UA polymer researchers have discovered a synthetic glue (carbon nanotubes) with nearly four times the adhesion power of gecko hairs. Now the scientists reveal why the mimic version offers its remarkable staying power.
Fine hairs on the soles of gecko feet allow the lizards to climb vertical surfaces with ease. UA polymer researchers have discovered a synthetic glue (carbon nanotubes) with nearly four times the adhesion power of gecko hairs. Now the scientists reveal why the mimic version offers its remarkable staying power.

Abstract:
Not long after Dr. Ali Dhinojwala, chairman of The University of Akron Department of Polymer Science, unpeeled the secret (fine, clingy hairs) behind the remarkable adhesion of gecko feet, he and fellow researchers came up with a synthetic replica: carbon nanotubes. Now, five years after that initial discovery, the basis of the success of these nanotubes is published in the October issue of the American Chemical Society's NanoLetters pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl102398w

UA Polymer Scientists Unpeel Secrets Of Nanohair Adhesion

Akron, OH | Posted on November 20th, 2010

While the story of nanotubes is one of success, not all carbon nanotubes are equal, nor is the individual adhesion performance of each strand, according to Dhinojwala. Although Dhinojwala and UA polymer science graduate student Liehui Ge determined that these 8-nanometer-diameter carbon hairs — each 2,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair — adhere powerfully to glass and similar substrates, they furthered their research to learn why some strands have a firmer grip than others.

Findings by the UA scientists, in collaboration with Lijie Ci and Anubha Goyal, researchers with the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Rice University; Rachel Shi, UA Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) intern; and L. Mahadevan, professor of applied mathematics and professor of organismic and evolutionary biology at Harvard University, reveal that the softer the nanotube, the greater its adhesion.

Using a combination of mechanics, electrical resistance and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to study the contact between hairs of a large number of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes with glass or silicon substrates, the researchers found that soft nanotubes clasp and curve when pressure is applied, contributing to their adhesive strength.

"We found out that the diameter of the tubes is an important parameter for adhesion because we have to balance the adhesion and bending rigidity of the tubes," Ge says. "Also, if you apply a high pressure, the tubes bend and buckle and make a larger contact area with the surface, which is the reason for higher adhesion."

The dry adhesive, unlike liquid glue counterparts, promises successful use in extreme atmospheric and temperature conditions and in other applications that present challenges.

"The carbon nanotube-based gecko adhesives are going to open up opportunities to using these materials on robots, to climb vertical walls, and could actually be used in outer space (vacuum condition) because these materials stick without any liquid glue," Dhinojwala says.

####

About University of Akron
The University of Akron is the public research university for Northeast Ohio. The Princeton Review listed UA among the “Best in the Midwest” in its 2010 edition of Best Colleges: Region-by-Region. Approximately 29,300 students are enrolled in UA’s 300 associate, bachelor’s, master’s, doctorate and law degree programs and 100 certificate programs at sites in Summit, Wayne, Medina and Holmes counties. For more information, visit

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Denise Henry
33-972-6477

Copyright © University of Akron

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Chains of nanogold – forged with atomic precision September 23rd, 2016

Tattoo therapy could ease chronic disease: Rice-made nanoparticles tested at Baylor College of Medicine may help control autoimmune diseases September 23rd, 2016

Nanotech Grants Options September 22nd, 2016

Coffee-infused foam removes lead from contaminated water September 21st, 2016

Possible Futures

Chains of nanogold – forged with atomic precision September 23rd, 2016

Tattoo therapy could ease chronic disease: Rice-made nanoparticles tested at Baylor College of Medicine may help control autoimmune diseases September 23rd, 2016

Coffee-infused foam removes lead from contaminated water September 21st, 2016

Towards Stable Propagation of Light in Nano-Photonic Fibers September 20th, 2016

Academic/Education

PHENOMEN is a FET-Open Research Project aiming to lay the foundations a new information technology September 19th, 2016

AIM Photonics Announces Release of Process Design Kit (PDK) for Integrated Silicon Photonics Design August 25th, 2016

Nanotech Security Featured by Simon Fraser University: Company's Anti-Counterfeiting Technology Developed With the Help of University's 4D LABS Materials Research Institute August 21st, 2016

W.M. Keck Foundation awards Cal State LA a $375,000 research and education grant August 4th, 2016

Nanotubes/Buckyballs/Fullerenes

Semiconducting inorganic double helix: New flexible semiconductor for electronics, solar technology and photo catalysis September 15th, 2016

World's most powerful X-ray takes a 'sledgehammer' to molecules September 14th, 2016

Researchers design solids that control heat with spinning superatoms: Carnegie Mellon University and Columbia University collaborators discover the cause of vastly different thermal conductivities in superatomic structural analogues September 8th, 2016

For first time, carbon nanotube transistors outperform silicon September 8th, 2016

Announcements

Chains of nanogold – forged with atomic precision September 23rd, 2016

Tattoo therapy could ease chronic disease: Rice-made nanoparticles tested at Baylor College of Medicine may help control autoimmune diseases September 23rd, 2016

Nanotech Grants Options September 22nd, 2016

Coffee-infused foam removes lead from contaminated water September 21st, 2016

Aerospace/Space

New material to revolutionize water proofing September 12th, 2016

New breed of optical soliton wave discovered September 9th, 2016

Nanodiamonds in an instant: Rice University-led team morphs nanotubes into tougher carbon for spacecraft, satellites September 6th, 2016

Meteorite impact on a nano scale August 29th, 2016

Research partnerships

Tattoo therapy could ease chronic disease: Rice-made nanoparticles tested at Baylor College of Medicine may help control autoimmune diseases September 23rd, 2016

Graphene nanoribbons show promise for healing spinal injuries: Rice University scientists develop Texas-PEG to help knit severed, damaged spinal cords September 19th, 2016

NIST Patents Single-Photon Detector for Potential Encryption and Sensing Apps September 16th, 2016

Semiconducting inorganic double helix: New flexible semiconductor for electronics, solar technology and photo catalysis September 15th, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







Car Brands
Buy website traffic