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By Rocky Rawstern, Editor Nanotechnology Now
Courtesy Prof. Vincent H. Crespi
The past few years has seen a substantial increase in the number of companies producing commercial quantities of nanotubes, and the speculative forecasting regarding their possible uses.
A moderate level of optimism, coupled with informed speculation, suggests that nanotubes are one of many nanoscale technologies that are set to revolutionize a significant portion of today's industries, help reduce the cost of consumer products, increase our standard of living world-wide, increase our years of optimal health and vitality, and extend our reach into space.
Last Updated: Monday, 20-Apr-2015 19:51:36 PDT
Go straight to: Survey1 | Survey2 | Survey3 (NEW)
For additional information, see our Nanotube & Buckyball page, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes.
|Carbolex||~35 g/day [up to 250g/wk]||$60-100||SWNT|
|CNI||---||$750-900||SWNT & Fluorinated SWNT (b)|
|CNRI||Several hundred kgs to several tons / yr||A few hundred US dollars per kilogram||MWNT|
|Catalytic Materials||1.2 kg/day||$35-60||MWNT|
|ec systems||See #4||$30-60||MWNT (e)|
|Hyperion||~5 kg/day [Tons/yr.]||(a)||MWNT|
|ILJIN||---||---||SWNT, DWNT, MWNT|
|Nanocarblab||3 g/day||---||SWNT (b)|
|Nanocyl||10 kg/day (end 2004)||$6-485||MWNT (2 grades), DWNT, SWNT (b)|
|NanoLab||20-100 g/day||$200-400||MWNT, SWNT, Bamboo|
|NanoLedge||120 g/day||$64-85 (c)||SWNT|
|Nanoamor||30 - 50 kg/day||$3-225||SWNT, MWNT (d)|
SWNTs (as-prepared & purified)
|Rosseter||100-200 g/day||$20-25||MWNT, TripleWNT|
|Shenzhen Nanotech||10s of kg's MWNTs and 100s of g's SWNTs / day||Confidential||SWNT & MWNT|
|SWeNT™||competitive amount||$350 as-produced, $650||Various types of SWNT (b)|
|CNRI||40 to 120 tons/yr|
|Catalytic Materials||5 kg/day|
|Nanocyl||5 kg/day [ ~2.43 tons / yr ]|
|Nanoamor||MWNT: 10-15 tons/yr, SWNT: 600-1,000 kg/yr|
|Nanothinx||1 kg/week (end of 2005)|
|Shenzhen Nanotech||10 tons/yr|
|SWeNT™||Expects to complete construction of its pilot plant, which will result in an order-of-magnitude increase|
|Carbolex||Researchers in academia and industry|
|CNI||Close to 300 companies and university laboratories around the world|
|CNRI||Plastics and electronics manufacturers|
|Catalytic Materials||Materials and Battery companies, Catalyst and Automobile manufacturers|
|ec systems||Industrial research labs- catalysis, sensors, field emissions|
|Hyperion||Automotive and Electronics Industry|
|Nanocarblab||Major academic institutions and universities in the Russian Federation. For laboratory research and industrial applications.|
|Nanocyl||University labs and research institutes (gov. and non gov.) , and Corporates R&D departments. Mainly for research and evaluation purpose, and some developmental stage. Applications include: FED, polymer composites and additives.|
|NanoLedge||Aerospace, Materials and Chemical Companies|
|Nanoamor||Academic research & industrial application; Flat Panel Display, Conductive Polymers, Reinforcement; Dispersion; Nanotube Composites|
Researchers in academia and industrial R&D laboratories (Europe, USA).
Applications: polymer nanocomposites, additives, electronics, energy
|Rosseter||Chemical, electronics, aircraft, and automotive industries, and defense|
|Shenzhen Nanotech||Companies that use CNTs for Multi-functional composites; Electrode material of supercapacitors; Electro-conductive agent material in lithium ion batteries; Field emission material|
|SWeNT™||Several working relationships in a variety of industries, including Fortune 500 companies. The applications are diverse, though the company's main focus is in Flat Panel Display materials and Structural and Conducting Composites.|
|CNI||Modified gas phase process|
|CNRI||Chemical Vapor Deposition|
|Catalytic Materials||Low temperature metal catalyzed decomposition of carbon-containing gases at atmospheric pressure|
|ec systems||Catalysed CVD|
|Hyperion||Chemical Vapor Phase|
|ILJIN||Chemical Vapor Deposition & Arc Discharge|
|Nanocyl||Chemical Vapor Deposition (c)|
|NanoLab||Chemical Vapor Deposition|
|Nanoamor||Chemical Vapor Deposition|
|Nanothinx||Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition (CCVD)|
|Rosseter||Controlled Liquid Pyrolysis|
|SWeNT™||Proprietary catalytic method|
|CNI||Field emission, conductive plastics, energy storage, conductive adhesives and connectors, molecular electronics, thermal materials, structural composites, fibers and fabrics, catalyst supports, biomedical applications, and others. See Buckytube Properties and Uses|
|Catalytic Materials||Conductive polymers, catalysts & support media, rechargeable batteries, separation materials|
|ec systems||Flat panel displays|
|Nanocyl||FED and polymers additives|
|NanoLedge||Conductive and multifunctionnal polymers mainly for EMI shielding and electrostatic dissipation|
|Nanoamor||Polymer additives, catalysts, field emitters, nanotube composites, sensors, reinforcements|
|Nanothinx||Conductive and reinforced polymer nanocomposites, flat panel displays, field emission devices, adhesives, catalyst supports, automotive industry (coatings, accessories), batteries.|
|Rosseter||See: "Some applications of Carbon Nanotubes"|
|Shenzhen Nanotech||Coatings, plastics, batteries, FEDs, etc.|
|SWeNT™||Flat panel displays, composites, fuel cells, catalytic applications|
|CNRI||Electronics, displays, semiconductors, medical, aerospace|
|Catalytic Materials||All of the above plus PEM Fuel Cells and various Electronic applications|
|ec systems||Displays, sensors, composites|
|Hyperion||Nanotube based catalysts|
|Nanocyl||Polymer additives, structural / non-structural composites, electronics, energy, and some unexpected applications|
|NanoLedge||Reinforcement materials and materials for fuel cells stacks|
|Nanoamor||Electromagnetic-wave absorption and shielding, energy storage and conversion, STM/AFM/EFM tips, drug delivery, supercapacitors|
|Nanothinx||All the above plus energy (hydrogen storage, fuel cells), biomedicine (biosensors, drug delivery), microelectronics, gas separations, ceramic nanocomposites.|
|Shenzhen Nanotech||Hydrogen storing materials, Electronic components, etc.|
|SWeNT™||Mainstream composites, integrated electronics, continuous pure nanotube fibers, etc|
Carbolex Lexington, Kentucky, USA (1) "CarboLex was conceived in the Advanced Science and Technology Commercialization Center at the University of Kentucky in Lexington. Situated on campus between the University's Robotics, Engineering, and Computer Services Buildings, ASTeCC is composed of both university research faculty and scientists from for-profit, high-technology corporations. CarboLex is now a self-sufficient, off-campus company providing carbon nanotubes to clients worldwide."
Carbon Nanotechnologies [CNI] Houston, Texas, USA (1) "CNI is the preeminent world producer of single-wall carbon nanotubes. The company has developed continuous processes for producing Buckytubes, based on technology licensed exclusively from Rice University. CNI is actively working with close to 300 companies and university laboratories around the world to turn the potential of carbon nanotechnology into reality."
Carbon Nanotech Research Institute [CNRI] Tokyo, Japan. A subsidiary of Mitsui & Co. "Our company is engaged in the R&D of industrial commercialization technologies for Fullerene tubes and carbon nanotubes that can be applied in next-generation semiconductors, fuel cells and AIDS medication. Our aim is to commercially produce metal-Fullerene and carbon nanotubes with single-digit nanometer dimensions by utilizing basic technologies that have been established by our partner universities."
Catalytic Materials LLC "Catalytic Materials LLC was incorporated in 1995. Leaders on the architecture and design of carbon nanostructured materials including graphite nanofibers and carbon nanotubes."
ec systems "ec systems technology allows us to offer highly uniform preparations of carbon nanostructures at very low prices. We supply catalysts for nanotube preparation, and bulk nanotubes for applications research. Further we are able to prepare custom electrodes utilizing nanocarbon structures."
Hyperion Catalysis International Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA "The world leader in carbon nanotube development and commercialization. Founded in 1982 for the purpose of developing novel forms and morphologies of carbon for advanced materials and systems. Hyperion Catalysis' flagship technology is a conductive, vapor grown multi-walled carbon tube. These tubes are known commercially as FIBRIL™ nanotubes. Since the original discovery of carbon nanotubes in 1983, Hyperion Catalysis has devoted substantial resources to improving the technology of their manufacture and application."
ILJIN Nanotech Seoul, Korea. (1) "As the World Leader in developing new material, Iljin Nanotech Co., Ltd. has succeeded in starting a new enterprise with Carbon Nanotube material in close cooperation with Korean and foreign researchers, in order to lead the trend of the times."
Materials and Electrochemical Research Corp [MER] Tucson, Arizona, USA (1) "Materials and Electrochemical Research Corporation is devoted to high-technology materials and electrochemical research with emphasis on advanced composites, powders, coatings and fullerenes as well as energy conversion systems such as batteries, fuel cells and gas storage. MER is also committed to earning every customer's complete satisfaction by providing the best quality, prices, and after sales service."
Nanocarblab Moscow, Russian Federation. (1) "Founded in 2001, NanoCarbLab (NCL) is a nanotechnology division of MedChemLabs Inc.(MCL). Our main purpose is supplying carbon nanotubes, with the highest grades of purity, and developing methods of bulk production. We collaborate with major academic institutions and universities in the Russian Federation. We produce raw and purified (40% - 90%) high quality SWNT's, for laboratory research and industrial applications."
Nanocyl Namur, Belguim. "A nanotech company involved in the production, modification and commercialisation of carbon nanotubes. Nanocyl is exploiting and valorising new discoveries and a strong portfolio of intellectual property developed by Prof. Janos B. Nagy's team at the University of Namur in the field of Carbon Nanotubes. Nanocyl is one of the first companies active in this field which has the potential of producing commercial quantities of material."
NanoLab Brighton, Massachusetts, USA. "NanoLab was founded in January 2000. The company is headquartered in Brighton, Massachusetts, and operates as a manufacturer of carbon nanotubes and developer of nanoscale devices. NanoLab offers a wide variety of aligned nanotube arrays and carbon nanotube powders. We're also working to develop more products in fields of optical devices and field emissions."
NanoLedge Clapiers, France. "Nanoledge designs and produces innovative, multifunctionnal and high performance materials, taking advantage of unique carbon nanotubes properties. Nanoledge's main activity is the development and industrialization of its carbon nanotubes based fiber. This fiber is indeed the only one allowing a ratio of carbon nanotubes higher than 50%. A range of specific fibers is currently designed for 4 main applications : conductive fibers, reinforcement fibers, actuation devices and carbon nanotubes based materials for fuel cells."
Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA. "Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials, Inc., founded in 2001, is a high-technology company involved in the research, processing, and marketing of nanostructured and amorphous materials."
|Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials, Inc.|
Nanothinx Rio-Patras, Greece. "Nanothinx (NTX) is a spin-off enterprise located in Rio-Patras, Greece, and founded by Professor Stratis V. Sotirchos. The activities of Nanothinx mainly lie on the development of methods for the large-scale, high-yield and low-cost production of carbon nanotubes (CNT), using novel nanostructured catalysts on suitable supports. The proprietary methods of nanotubes production used by NTX are based on the catalytic chemical vapor deposition of carbon (CCVD or CVD) from hydrocarbon feeds using metallic catalysts on suitable supports."
Rosseter Holdings Limited Limassol, Cyprus. "Rosseter Holdings Limited is a company that specialises in large-scale production of Carbon Nanotubes and related materials. Research and Development Activities are focused on methods and innovative processes of production as well as the development of the product for use in certain applications like electron emission, hydrogen absorption etc."
Shenzhen Nanotech Port Co Shenzhen Nanotech Port Co., Ltd. (NTP) is based on nanotechnology from the Chinese Academy of Science. NTP principally develops the manufacturing of carbon nanotubes and applied nanotechnology.
SouthWest NanoTechnologies Inc. [SWeNT™] Norman, Oklahoma, USA "SouthWest NanoTechnologies, Inc. is an independent privately held specialty chemical manufacturer. The Company produces customized Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes for high-volume specialty applications. This disruptive technology competes favorably in high-yield markets, including flat panel displays, structural & conductive composites, catalysis, and fuel cell materials. SWeNT is a spinoff of the University of Oklahoma and ConocoPhillips. The ConocoPhillips investment allowed SWeNT to begin construction of a pilot plant to manufacture single-wall carbon nanotubes, at a cost low enough to accelerate their commercialization in several specialty applications."
These questions were asked of those individuals who have a working scientific knowledge of nanotubes and/or the way they are (and will be) used.
These questions were asked of companies who produce CNT's.
Answers to these same questions from four other leading CNT producers can be found in issue #11 of our monthly premium report, NanoNews-Now. In this report NanoNews-Now Editor Rocky Rawstern covers nanotubes & buckyballs, and surveys CNT researchers and producers.
From leading research groups, get the answers to these questions:
1. Considering their potential to reduce weight and/or increase the strength of materials, under what conditions are we likely to start seeing widespread use of nanotubes (in industries such as automobile, airplane, and space vehicle manufacturing, and others where weight and strength are paramount)?
2. Under what conditions are we likely to see their use in the health/medical and electronics industries?
3. Given the recent buckyball/fish and nanotube/rat studies, what other precautions (if any) should be implemented in labs and production facilities, and what (if anything) should the public be worried about regarding nanoparticles?
4. In your opinion, regarding nanotubes and buckyballs, what are the:
Each monthly issue of NanoNews-Now offers focussed analysis, interviews and reporting on one important sector of emerging nanotechnology. Learn more here, and go to the bottom of the page to purchase issue #11.
Disruptive Technology: Any new technology that is significantly cheaper than current, and/or is much higher performing, and/or has greater functionality, and/or is more convenient to use. Will revolutionize worldwide markets by superseding existing technologies. "Paradigm shifting" is a well-worn connotation. Although the term may sound negative to some, it is in fact neutral. It is only negative to organizations that are unprepared for change, and fail to adapt, only to fall behind, and ultimately disappear. The results are not just evolutionary, they are revolutionary. Companies will go out of business because a new competitor emerges, just as the advent of the zipper eradicated so much of the button industry, the vacuum cleaner decimated the broom industry, and the personal computer wiped out the typewriter.
Nanotechnology will affect many industries in the near-term and most in the medium-term. Some of these will experience a multiple-whammy. The number of nanotechnologies rapidly converging on some industries, such as data storage, is staggering, and while it might sometimes be difficult to predict the winners and losers, there's one thing you can be sure of - massive disruption.
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