Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International



Home > Press > Oxygen-promoted synthesis of armchair graphene nanoribbons on Cu(111)

Scanning tunneling microscopy images of the synthesis of 3P sub-family armchair graphene nanoribbons through the lateral fusion of 3-AGNR on Cu(111). The introduction of O2 can reduce the temperature of the reaction by 180 K.

CREDIT
©Science China Press
Scanning tunneling microscopy images of the synthesis of 3P sub-family armchair graphene nanoribbons through the lateral fusion of 3-AGNR on Cu(111). The introduction of O2 can reduce the temperature of the reaction by 180 K. CREDIT ©Science China Press

Abstract:
On-surface synthesis has received great attention as a method to create atomically-precise one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) polymers with intriguing properties. In particular, graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), a category of quasi-1D nanomaterials derived from graphene, have been widely studied due to their tunable electronic properties and potential applications in semiconductor devices, such as field-effect transistors and spintronics. A series of top-down approaches have been pursued to produce GNRs, but a lack of control over the ribbon width and edge structure has hindered their further development.

Oxygen-promoted synthesis of armchair graphene nanoribbons on Cu(111)

Beijing, China | Posted on April 2nd, 2021

In 2010, Cai et al. firstly reported the fabrication of an atomically-precise armchair GNR (AGNR) on the Au(111) surface using a bottom-up approach. The basic mechanism involves thermally-activated dehalogenation, surface-assisted polymerization and finally cyclodehydrogenation.

In the following decade, this bottom-up approach has been extended to synthesize a wide variety of GNRs, including AGNRs with different widths, zigzag GNRs, GNR heterojunctions, chiral GNRs and chemically- doped GNRs. Based on the periodic similarity of their electronic structures, AGNRs can be classified into three families, 3p, 3p+1 and 3p+2 (representing the number of carbon atoms in the narrow direction).

So far, few studies have focused on GNR synthesis on Cu(111) due to the stronger surface interaction, despite the lower temperature for dehalogenation. It has been shown that chiral GNRs can be synthesized on Cu(111) using the same precursor which yields non-chiral 7-AGNR on Au(111) and that dehalogenation can be reversible on Au(111) but not Cu(111), which implies that the reaction pathway and products achieved could be controlled through the choice of substrate.

A second approach to tailor the reaction pathway in surface-confined synthesis is to introduce different atomic species, which has been considered in only a few recent studies. Exposure to iodine creates a monolayer intercalated between the polymers and the Ag(111) surface that decouples their electronic interactions. In addition, hydrogen was shown to remove halogen by-products and to induce covalent coupling, and sulphur to switch the surface-confined Ullmann reaction on or off.

Prof. Lifeng Chi's research group in Soochow University recently investigated the effect of oxygen on the synthesis of 3-AGNRs by surface-confined Ullmann coupling and determined that it, instead, caused a 1D to 2D transformation of the organometallic (OM) structures.

Here, their objective was to investigate the synthesis of 3p-AGNRs on Cu(111), extending from the previous study on Au(111), and to examine the effect of oxygen on lateral fusion of 3-AGNRs, inspired by their potential to promote C-H activation.

Their investigation demonstrated the successful synthesis of 3p-AGNRs on Cu(111) via lateral fusion of poly(para-phenylene) (i.e. 3-AGNR). Introduction of co-adsorbed atomic oxygen substantially reduced the temperature required to induce the lateral fusion reaction. The identification of this catalytic effect could benefit on-surface synthesis that applies dehydrogenation reactions, not restricting to GNRs, and highlights the potential of additional atomic adsorbates to steer surface reactions.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Lifeng Chi

Copyright © Science China Press

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

See the article: Ji P, Maclean O, Galeotti G, Dettmann D, Berti G, Sun K, Zhang H, Rosei F, Chi L. Oxygen-promoted synthesis of armchair graphene nanoribbons on Cu(111). Sci China Chem, 2021, 64, :

Related News Press

News and information

Graphene key for novel hardware security May 10th, 2021

With a zap of light, system switches objects' colors and patterns: "Programmable matter" technique could enable product designers to churn out prototypes with ease May 6th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Possible Futures

Graphene key for novel hardware security May 10th, 2021

With a zap of light, system switches objects' colors and patterns: "Programmable matter" technique could enable product designers to churn out prototypes with ease May 6th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Spintronics

New nanoscale device for spin technology: Spin waves could unlock the next generation of computer technology, a new component allows physicists to control them April 16th, 2021

Scientists build the smallest cable containing a spin switch March 12th, 2021

Taking 2D materials for a spin: Scientists at the University of Tsukuba and the Institute of High Pressure Physics fabricate a novel molybdenum disulfide transistor and create an image of the spins of the electrons passing through which may open the way for new spintronic compute March 5th, 2021

New EU Quantum Flagship consortium launches a project on silicon spin qubits as a platform for large-scale quantum computing: The QLSI project brings together 19 top European groups to focus on developing highly scalable quantum processors in silicon, and marks a recent addition February 10th, 2021

Chip Technology

A silver lining for extreme electronics April 30th, 2021

New brain-like computing device simulates human learning: Researchers conditioned device to learn by association, like Pavlov's dog April 30th, 2021

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Moves Corporate Headquarters to its Most Advanced Semiconductor Manufacturing Facility in New York April 27th, 2021

Researchers realize high-efficiency frequency conversion on integrated photonic chip April 23rd, 2021

Nanoelectronics

New tech builds ultralow-loss integrated photonic circuits April 16th, 2021

Graphene: Everything under control: Research team demonstrates control mechanism for quantum material April 9th, 2021

Energy transmission by gold nanoparticles coupled to DNA structures April 9th, 2021

Engineering the boundary between 2D and 3D materials: Cutting-edge microscope helps reveal ways to control the electronic properties of atomically thin materials February 26th, 2021

Discoveries

Graphene key for novel hardware security May 10th, 2021

With a zap of light, system switches objects' colors and patterns: "Programmable matter" technique could enable product designers to churn out prototypes with ease May 6th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Announcements

Graphene key for novel hardware security May 10th, 2021

With a zap of light, system switches objects' colors and patterns: "Programmable matter" technique could enable product designers to churn out prototypes with ease May 6th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers/Posters

Graphene key for novel hardware security May 10th, 2021

With a zap of light, system switches objects' colors and patterns: "Programmable matter" technique could enable product designers to churn out prototypes with ease May 6th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

Polarization-sensitive photodetection using 2D/3D perovskite heterostructure crystal May 4th, 2021

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project