Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > New oxide and semiconductor combination builds new device potential: Researchers integrated oxide two-dimensional electron gases with gallium arsenide and paved the way toward new opto-electrical devices

Abstract:
Insulating oxides are oxygen containing compounds that do not conduct electricity, but can sometimes form conductive interfaces when they're layered together precisely. The conducting electrons at the interface form a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) which boasts exotic quantum properties that make the system potentially useful in electronics and photonics applications.

New oxide and semiconductor combination builds new device potential: Researchers integrated oxide two-dimensional electron gases with gallium arsenide and paved the way toward new opto-electrical devices

Washington, DC | Posted on January 10th, 2018

Researchers at Yale University have now grown a 2DEG system on gallium arsenide, a semiconductor that's efficient in absorbing and emitting light. This development is promising for new electronic devices that interact with light, such as new kinds of transistors, superconducting switches and gas sensors.

"I see this as a building block for oxide electronics," said Lior Kornblum, now of the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, who describes the new research appearing this week in the Journal of Applied Physics, from AIP publishing.

Oxide 2DEGs were discovered in 2004. Researchers were surprised to find that sandwiching together two layers of some insulating oxides can generate conducting electrons that behave like a gas or liquid near the interface between the oxides and can transport information.

Researchers have previously observed 2DEGs with semiconductors, but oxide 2DEGs have much higher electron densities, making them promising candidates for some electronic applications. Oxide 2DEGs have interesting quantum properties, drawing interest in their fundamental properties as well. For example, the systems seem to exhibit a combination of magnetic behaviors and superconductivity.

Generally, it's difficult to mass-produce oxide 2DEGs because only small pieces of the necessary oxide crystals are obtainable, Kornblum said. If, however, researchers can grow the oxides on large, commercially available semiconductor wafers, they can then scale up oxide 2DEGs for real-world applications. Growing oxide 2DEGs on semiconductors also allows researchers to better integrate the structures with conventional electronics. According to Kornblum, enabling the oxide electrons to interact with the electrons in the semiconductor could lead to new functionality and more types of devices.

The Yale team previously grew oxide 2DEGs on silicon wafers. In the new work, they successfully grew oxide 2DEGs on another important semiconductor, gallium arsenide, which proved to be more challenging.

Most semiconductors react with oxygen in the air and form a disordered surface layer, which must be removed before growing these oxides on the semiconductor. For silicon, removal is relatively easy -- researchers heat the semiconductor in vacuum. This approach, however, doesn't work well with gallium arsenide.

Instead, the research team coated a clean surface of a gallium arsenide wafer with a layer of arsenic. The arsenic protected the semiconductor's surface from the air while they transferred the wafer into an instrument that grows oxides using a method called molecular beam epitaxy. This allows one material to grow on another while maintaining an ordered crystal structure across the interface.

Next, the researchers gently heated the wafer to evaporate the thin arsenic layer, exposing the pristine semiconductor surface beneath. They then grew an oxide called SrTiO3 on the gallium arsenide and, immediately after, another oxide layer of GdTiO3. This process formed a 2DEG between the oxides.

Gallium arsenide is but one of a whole class of materials called III-V semiconductors, and this work opens a path to integrate oxide 2DEGs with others.

"The ability to couple or to integrate these interesting oxide two-dimensional electron gases with gallium arsenide opens the way to devices that could benefit from the electrical and optical properties of the semiconductor," Kornblum said. "This is a gateway material for other members of this family of semiconductors."

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Julia Majors

301-209-3090

Copyright © American Institute of Physics

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

The article, "Oxide Heterostrutures for High Density 2D Electron Gases on GaAs," is authored by Lior Kornblum, Joseph Faucher, Mayra D. Morales-Acosta, Minjoo L. Lee, Charles H. Ahn and Fred J. Walker. The article appeared in the Journal of Applied Physics on January 9, 2018 (DOI: 10.1063/1.5004576) and can be accessed at:

Related News Press

News and information

Bosch Sensortec launches ideation community to foster and accelerate innovative IoT applications : Creativity hub for customers, partners, developers and makers February 18th, 2019

Exotic spiraling electrons discovered by physicists: Rutgers-led research could lead to advances in lighting and solar cells February 18th, 2019

Tracking pollen with quantum dots: A pollination biologist from Stellenbosch University in South Africa is using quantum dots to track the fate of individual pollen grains. This is breaking new ground in a field of research that has been hampered by the lack of a universal method February 17th, 2019

Super-light, super-insulating ceramic aerogel keeps the hottest temperatures at bay February 17th, 2019

2 Dimensional Materials

Scientists image conducting edges in a promising 2-D material February 8th, 2019

Large, stable pieces of graphene produced with unique edge pattern: Breakthrough in graphene research February 1st, 2019

Shelley Claridge, an assistant professor at Purdue University, is leading research to improve electronic and energy conversion devices. (Image by Vincent Walter) January 24th, 2019

Quantum Physics

Breaching the horizons: Universal spreading laws confirmed: A novel toolbox developed to implement ultrafast simulations of quantum transport allowed to achieve unprecedented limits in the understanding of wave spreading mechanisms February 4th, 2019

Current generation via quantum proton transfer February 1st, 2019

Chip Technology

NRL, AFRL develop direct-write quantum calligraphy in monolayer semiconductors February 15th, 2019

Molecular Lego blocks: Chemical data mining boosts search for new organic semiconductors February 15th, 2019

Spintronics by 'straintronics': Switching superferromagnetism with electric-field induced strain February 15th, 2019

Picosunís ALD encapsulation prevents electronics degradation February 15th, 2019

Optical computing/Photonic computing

NRL, AFRL develop direct-write quantum calligraphy in monolayer semiconductors February 15th, 2019

Sound and light trapped by disorder February 8th, 2019

CEA-Leti to Present 21 Papers at Photonics West & Unveil its Latest Research on Greater Photonics-Electronics and Software Convergence: Optics and Si-Photonics Teams Will Explain Transfer-Ready Solutions For Wavelength Imaging and Other Applications at Leti Booth, Feb. 5-7 February 1st, 2019

TOCHA will take a topological approach to the next generation of electronic, photonic and phononic devices January 31st, 2019

Discoveries

Exotic spiraling electrons discovered by physicists: Rutgers-led research could lead to advances in lighting and solar cells February 18th, 2019

Tracking pollen with quantum dots: A pollination biologist from Stellenbosch University in South Africa is using quantum dots to track the fate of individual pollen grains. This is breaking new ground in a field of research that has been hampered by the lack of a universal method February 17th, 2019

The smallest skeletons in the marine world observed in 3D by synchrotron techniques February 15th, 2019

Researchers create ultra-lightweight ceramic material that withstands extreme temperatures: UCLA-led team develops highly durable aerogel that could ultimately be an upgrade for insulation on spacecraft February 15th, 2019

Materials/Metamaterials

Super-light, super-insulating ceramic aerogel keeps the hottest temperatures at bay February 17th, 2019

Laser-induced graphene gets tough, with help: Rice University lab combines conductive foam with other materials for capable new composites February 12th, 2019

Using artificial intelligence to engineer materials' properties: New system of 'strain engineering' can change a material's optical, electrical, and thermal properties February 11th, 2019

Sound and light trapped by disorder February 8th, 2019

Announcements

Bosch Sensortec launches ideation community to foster and accelerate innovative IoT applications : Creativity hub for customers, partners, developers and makers February 18th, 2019

Exotic spiraling electrons discovered by physicists: Rutgers-led research could lead to advances in lighting and solar cells February 18th, 2019

Tracking pollen with quantum dots: A pollination biologist from Stellenbosch University in South Africa is using quantum dots to track the fate of individual pollen grains. This is breaking new ground in a field of research that has been hampered by the lack of a universal method February 17th, 2019

Super-light, super-insulating ceramic aerogel keeps the hottest temperatures at bay February 17th, 2019

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers

Exotic spiraling electrons discovered by physicists: Rutgers-led research could lead to advances in lighting and solar cells February 18th, 2019

Tracking pollen with quantum dots: A pollination biologist from Stellenbosch University in South Africa is using quantum dots to track the fate of individual pollen grains. This is breaking new ground in a field of research that has been hampered by the lack of a universal method February 17th, 2019

Super-light, super-insulating ceramic aerogel keeps the hottest temperatures at bay February 17th, 2019

Researchers create ultra-lightweight ceramic material that withstands extreme temperatures: UCLA-led team develops highly durable aerogel that could ultimately be an upgrade for insulation on spacecraft February 15th, 2019

Photonics/Optics/Lasers

NRL, AFRL develop direct-write quantum calligraphy in monolayer semiconductors February 15th, 2019

Laser-induced graphene gets tough, with help: Rice University lab combines conductive foam with other materials for capable new composites February 12th, 2019

Sound and light trapped by disorder February 8th, 2019

CEA-Leti to Present 21 Papers at Photonics West & Unveil its Latest Research on Greater Photonics-Electronics and Software Convergence: Optics and Si-Photonics Teams Will Explain Transfer-Ready Solutions For Wavelength Imaging and Other Applications at Leti Booth, Feb. 5-7 February 1st, 2019

Quantum nanoscience

NRL, AFRL develop direct-write quantum calligraphy in monolayer semiconductors February 15th, 2019

Sound and light trapped by disorder February 8th, 2019

Scientists image conducting edges in a promising 2-D material February 8th, 2019

TOCHA will take a topological approach to the next generation of electronic, photonic and phononic devices January 31st, 2019

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project