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Home > Press > Two dimensional materials: Advanced molybdenum selenide near infrared phototransistors

Scanning electron microscopy image of the near-infrared photodetector based on few-layered MoSe2.
Scanning electron microscopy image of the near-infrared photodetector based on few-layered MoSe2.

Abstract:
Optical sensors operating in the near infrared (NIR) are important for applications in imaging, photodetectors, and biological sensors. Notably, recent reports on the synthesis of high quality, large areas of graphene has motivated researchers to search for other 2D materials with properties suitable for NIR devices.

Two dimensional materials: Advanced molybdenum selenide near infrared phototransistors

Tokyo, Japan | Posted on September 27th, 2017

Now, Abdelkader Abderrahmane and colleagues at the University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo in collaboration with researchers at Chosun University, Korea, describe the optoelectronics characteristics of molybdenum selenide (MoSe2) phototransistors for applications to photodetectors. The application of gate voltages to the devices yielded a maximum photoresponsivity 238 A/W, an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 37,745% under 785 nm light. The researchers state: "our device is one of the best high-performance nanoscale near-infrared photodetectors based on multilayered two-dimensional materials."

The devices were fabricated using few layered MoSe2 with a thickness of ~44 nm that was exfoliated from natural MoSe2 onto thermally oxidized silicon substrates with metallic strips acting as back gates. The transistor channel width and length were 50 and 20 μm, and the charge mobility was be 5.1 cm2 /V/s.

Electrical measurements indicated that the devices operated in the so-called accumulation mode and with a pinch off voltage of - 40V.

The combination of the 1.1 eV bandgap of MoSe2 and its high optical absorption compared to MoS2 is expected to offer wide ranging applications in optoelectronics.

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About University of Electro-Communications
The University of Electro-Communications (UEC) in Tokyo is a small, luminous university at the forefront of pure and applied sciences, engineering, and technology research. Its roots go back to the Technical Institute for Wireless Commutations, which was established in 1918 by the Wireless Association to train so-called wireless engineers in maritime communications in response to the Titanic disaster in 1912. In 1949, the UEC was established as a national university by the Japanese Ministry of Education, and moved in 1957 from Meguro to its current Chofu campus Tokyo.

With approximately 4,000 students and 350 faculty, UEC is regarded as a small university, but with particular expertise in wireless communications, laser science, robotics, informatics, and material science, to name just a few areas of research.

The UEC was selected for the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Program for Promoting the Enhancement of Research Universities as a result of its strengths in three main areas: optics and photonics research, where we are number one for the number of joint publications with foreign researchers; wireless communications, which reflects our roots; and materials-based research, particularly on fuel cells.

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The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo

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Website: http://www.uec.ac.jp/

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