Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Using new technique, scientists uncover a delicate magnetic balance for superconductivity

Abstract:
Probing the workings of heavy fermion compounds, researchers find that rather than hindering superconductivity, magnetism is an essential ingredient -- and if controlled, may be a key for future advances in the field.

Using new technique, scientists uncover a delicate magnetic balance for superconductivity

Ithaca, NY | Posted on October 19th, 2011

A new imaging technology is giving scientists unprecedented views of the processes that affect the flow of electrons through materials.

By modifying a familiar tool in nanoscience - the Scanning Tunneling Microscope - a team at Cornell University's Laboratory for Atomic and Solid State Physics have been able to visualize what happens when they change the electronic structure of a "heavy fermion" compound made of uranium, ruthenium and silicon. What they learned sheds light on superconductivity - the movement of electrons without resistance -which typically occurs at extremely low temperatures and that researchers hope one day to achieve at something close to room temperature, which would revolutionize electronics.

The researchers found that, while at higher-temperatures magnetism is detrimental to superconductivity, at low temperatures in heavy fermion materials, magnetic atoms are a necessity. "We found that removing the magnetic atoms proved detrimental to the flow [of electrons]," said researcher Mohammad Hamidian. This is important, Hamidian explains, because "if we can resolve how superconductivity can co-exist with magnetism, then we have a whole new understanding of superconductivity, which could be applied toward creating high-temperature superconductors. In fact, magnetism at the atomic scale could become a new tuning parameter of how you can change the behavior of new superconducting materials that we make."

To make these findings, the researchers modified a scanning microscope that lets you pull or push electrons into a material. With the modification, the microscope could also measure how hard it was to push and pull - a development that Hamidian explains is also significant. "By doing this, we actually learn a lot about the material's electronic structure. Then by mapping that structure out over a wide area, we can start seeing variations in those electronic states, which come about for quantum-mechanical reasons. Our newest advance, crucial to this paper, was the ability to see at each atom the strength of the interactions that make the electrons 'heavy.'"

The Cornell experiment and its results are presented this week by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (See PNAS, available online). The research team included J.C. Séamus Davis, a member of the Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science and developer of the SI-STM technique. Working with synthesized samples created by Graeme Luke from McMaster University (Canada), the experiment was designed by Hamidian, a post-doctoral fellow in Davis' research group, along with Andrew R. Schmidt, a former student of Davis at Cornell and now a post-doctoral fellow in physics at UC Berkeley. This research was supported by the DOE's Office of Science, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. Additional collaborators included Ines Firmo of Brookhaven National Laboratory and Cornell, and Andy Schmidt now at the University of California, Berkeley.

####

For more information, please click here

Copyright © The Kavli Foundation

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

For the complete interview with Hamidian, visit:

Related News Press

News and information

Nanometrics to Announce Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results on February 5, 2019 January 18th, 2019

ULVAC Inc., and Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology collaborate to bring Atomic Scale Processing solutions to the Japanese Power and RF markets January 18th, 2019

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Brilliant glow of paint-on semiconductors comes from ornate quantum physics January 18th, 2019

January 18th, 2019

Physics

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Quantum chemistry on quantum computers: A quantum algorithm for tracking complex chemical reactions with neither performing demanding post-Hartree-Fock calculations nor exponential time explosion January 4th, 2019

Superconductivity

Physicists uncover new competing state of matter in superconducting material January 4th, 2019

Revealing hidden spin: Unlocking new paths toward high-temperature superconductors: Berkeley Lab researchers uncover insights into superconductivity, leading potentially to more efficient power transmission January 4th, 2019

Laboratories

Revealing hidden spin: Unlocking new paths toward high-temperature superconductors: Berkeley Lab researchers uncover insights into superconductivity, leading potentially to more efficient power transmission January 4th, 2019

Carrying and releasing nanoscale cargo with 'nanowrappers': Nanocubes with hollow interiors and surface openings whose shape, size, and location are precisely controlled could be used to load and unload materials for biomedical, catalysis, and optical sensing applications January 3rd, 2019

New composite advances lignin as a renewable 3D printing material December 28th, 2018

Announcements

Nanometrics to Announce Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results on February 5, 2019 January 18th, 2019

ULVAC Inc., and Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology collaborate to bring Atomic Scale Processing solutions to the Japanese Power and RF markets January 18th, 2019

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Brilliant glow of paint-on semiconductors comes from ornate quantum physics January 18th, 2019

Tools

Nanometrics to Announce Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results on February 5, 2019 January 18th, 2019

ULVAC Inc., and Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology collaborate to bring Atomic Scale Processing solutions to the Japanese Power and RF markets January 18th, 2019

Drilling speed increased by 20% – yet another upgrade in the oil & gas sector made possible by graphene nanotubes January 15th, 2019

Chirality in 'real-time' January 14th, 2019

Research partnerships

Brilliant glow of paint-on semiconductors comes from ornate quantum physics January 18th, 2019

Chirality in 'real-time' January 14th, 2019

Ultra-sensitive sensor with gold nanoparticle array January 9th, 2019

DNA design that anyone can do: Computer program can translate a free-form 2-D drawing into a DNA structure January 4th, 2019

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project