Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors


Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > News > Multiscale Modeling of Composite Materials

April 26th, 2008

Multiscale Modeling of Composite Materials

Abstract:
Understanding the deformation or thermal behavior of composites has always been a complex problem. One must take into consideration the behavior of the reinforcement (particle, fiber, or whisker), matrix, and, of course, the interface or interphase formed between these components. Clearly, the interplay between the components in a composite is also key. Load transfer from the matrix to the fiber is directly related to the aspect ratio of the fiber, as well as the yield stress of the matrix (or, in brittle composites, the shear strength of the interface). With the advent of new computational methodologies and techniques, not to mention the sheer increase in efficiency and speed of computer processors, multiscale modeling has become an important part of understanding the behavior of composite materials. Multiscale modeling is particularly suited toward composites because of the multiple length scales involved as well as the overall complex nature of composite behavior. The three papers in this section illustrate the importance of multiscale modeling of composites. A variety of numerical computational techniques are used, such as finite-element modeling, crystal plasticity, and atomistic modeling, to understand the behavior of the composite, More importantly, two or more of these techniques are used in combination to stitch together the behavior at different length scales. The paper by A. Misra et al. discusses the deformation behavior of nanoscale metallic multilayered composites. Metallic composites with layers at the nanoscale exhibit very high strengths. The mechanical behavior of these composites was studied in terms of the atomic structure at the interfaces between the layers. The atomic level modeling is particularly needed here because the layer thickness is in the range of a few nanometers. Information obtained from the atomistic modeling, such as the critical stress required for dislocations to overcome the barrier at the interface and be transmitted to adjacent layers, are used in dislocation dynamics simulations to study dislocation-dislocation interactions. The third level of modeling involves crystal plasticity modeling of phenomena on the length scale of a grain and encompasses information from atomistic and dislocation dynamics simulations.

Source:
redorbit.com

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity: New chemistry could overcome key drawbacks of lithium-air batteries July 26th, 2016

Scientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcoma July 26th, 2016

Nanometrics Reports Second Quarter 2016 Financial Results July 26th, 2016

Ultrasensitive sensor using N-doped graphene July 26th, 2016

Discoveries

New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity: New chemistry could overcome key drawbacks of lithium-air batteries July 26th, 2016

Scientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcoma July 26th, 2016

Ultrasensitive sensor using N-doped graphene July 26th, 2016

The NanoWizard® AFM from JPK is applied for interdisciplinary research at the University of South Australia for applications including smart wound healing and how plants can protect themselves from toxins July 26th, 2016

Materials/Metamaterials

New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity: New chemistry could overcome key drawbacks of lithium-air batteries July 26th, 2016

Designing climate-friendly concrete, from the nanoscale up: New understanding of concrete’s properties could increase lifetime of the building material, decrease emissions July 25th, 2016

Ultra-flat circuits will have unique properties: Rice University lab studies 2-D hybrids to see how they differ from common electronics July 25th, 2016

Attosecond physics: Mapping electromagnetic waveforms July 25th, 2016

Announcements

New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity: New chemistry could overcome key drawbacks of lithium-air batteries July 26th, 2016

Scientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcoma July 26th, 2016

Nanometrics Reports Second Quarter 2016 Financial Results July 26th, 2016

Ultrasensitive sensor using N-doped graphene July 26th, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







Car Brands
Buy website traffic