Nanotechnology Now







Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


DHgate

Home > Press > Nanotech yields darkest material ever measured

Abstract:
Researchers from Rice University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have created the darkest material ever measured -- a thin carpet of carbon nanotubes that's four times darker than the previous record-holder. The researchers who developed the material have applied for a Guinness World Record. They say the material could find use in super-efficient solar converters, telescopes and special coatings. The team's results appeared this month in the journal Nano Letters.

Nanotech yields darkest material ever measured

Houston, TX | Posted on January 22nd, 2008

Rice, RPI researchers file world-record claim for nanotube material

Researchers from Rice University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have created the darkest material ever measured -- a thin carpet of carbon nanotubes that's four times darker than the previous record-holder.

The researchers who developed the material have applied for a Guinness World Record. They say the material could find use in super-efficient solar converters, telescopes and special coatings. The team's results appeared this month in the journal Nano Letters.

"The low-density arrangement of the nanotubes is the key," said study co-author Pulickel Ajayan, Rice's Benjamin M. and Mary Greenwood Anderson Professor in Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science. "We engineered the super-dark optical properties by tightly controlling the dimensions and spacing of the nanotubes."

The carpet, which looks like a thin sheet of black paper, is made of billions of tiny hollow tubes of pure carbon that are vertically aligned like packaged spaghetti. The material's darkness lies in the loose packing of the tubes. Because the tips of each nanotube measure just one-billionth of meter across, most light striking the surface is absorbed. As a result, the material reflects only 0.045 percent of the light that strikes it.

"It is a fascinating technology, and this discovery will allow us to increase the absorption efficiency of light as well as the overall radiation-to-electricity efficiency of solar energy conservation," said Rensselaer physicist Shawn-Yu Lin, the lead co-author on the study. "The key to this discovery was finding how to create a long, extremely porous vertically-aligned carbon nanotube array with certain surface randomness, therefore minimizing reflection and maximizing absorption simultaneously."

By comparison, the darkest conventional black paint reflects about 100 times more light than the nanotube carpet. The previous record holder for darkest manmade material was a nickel-phophorus alloy whose surface was pitted with tiny, light-trapping craters.

####

About Rice University
Rice University is consistently ranked one of America’s best teaching and research universities. It is distinguished by its: size—2,850 undergraduates and 1,950 graduate students; selectivity—10 applicants for each place in the freshman class; resources—an undergraduate student-to-faculty ratio of 6-to-1, and the fifth largest endowment per student among American universities; residential college system, which builds communities that are both close-knit and diverse; and collaborative culture, which crosses disciplines, integrates teaching and research, and intermingles undergraduate and graduate work. Rice’s wooded campus is located in the nation’s fourth largest city and on America’s South Coast.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Jade Boyd
713-348-6778

Copyright © Rice University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Quantum teleportation on a chip: A significant step towards ultra-high speed quantum computers April 1st, 2015

So, near and yet so far: Stable HGNs for Raman April 1st, 2015

Two-dimensional dirac materials: Structure, properties, and rarity April 1st, 2015

3-D neural structure guided with biocompatible nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels April 1st, 2015

Nanotubes/Buckyballs

From tobacco to cyberwood March 31st, 2015

Wrapping carbon nanotubes in polymers enhances their performance: Scientists at Japan's Kyushu University say polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes hold much promise in biotechnology and energy applications March 30th, 2015

Carbon nanotube fibers make superior links to brain: Rice University invention provides two-way communication with neurons March 25th, 2015

Iranian Scientists Eliminate Expensive Materials from Diabetes Diagnosis Sensors March 25th, 2015

Discoveries

Quantum teleportation on a chip: A significant step towards ultra-high speed quantum computers April 1st, 2015

Two-dimensional dirac materials: Structure, properties, and rarity April 1st, 2015

3-D neural structure guided with biocompatible nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels April 1st, 2015

Light-powered gyroscope is world's smallest: Promises a powerful spin on navigation April 1st, 2015

Announcements

Quantum teleportation on a chip: A significant step towards ultra-high speed quantum computers April 1st, 2015

So, near and yet so far: Stable HGNs for Raman April 1st, 2015

Two-dimensional dirac materials: Structure, properties, and rarity April 1st, 2015

3-D neural structure guided with biocompatible nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels April 1st, 2015

Energy

Wrapping carbon nanotubes in polymers enhances their performance: Scientists at Japan's Kyushu University say polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes hold much promise in biotechnology and energy applications March 30th, 2015

Solving molybdenum disulfide's 'thin' problem: Research team increases material's light emission by twelve times March 29th, 2015

LAMDAMAP 2015 hosted by the University March 26th, 2015

Hong Kong Investors Bullish on Dais Analytic Invest $5.75M, Provide $60M Contract, and Create New Joint Venture Company March 26th, 2015

Solar/Photovoltaic

Wrapping carbon nanotubes in polymers enhances their performance: Scientists at Japan's Kyushu University say polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes hold much promise in biotechnology and energy applications March 30th, 2015

Solving molybdenum disulfide's 'thin' problem: Research team increases material's light emission by twelve times March 29th, 2015

LAMDAMAP 2015 hosted by the University March 26th, 2015

SUNY Poly & M+W Make Major Announcement: Major Expansion To Include M+W Owned Gehrlicher Solar America Corporation That Will Create up to 400 Jobs to Develop Solar Power Plants at SUNY Poly Sites Across New York State March 26th, 2015

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More










ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







© Copyright 1999-2015 7th Wave, Inc. All Rights Reserved PRIVACY POLICY :: CONTACT US :: STATS :: SITE MAP :: ADVERTISE