Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International



Home > Press > Flexible material shows potential for use in fabrics to heat, cool

Researchers reported in a new study that a material made of carbon nanotubes may be key in developing clothing that can heat or cool the wearer on demand. The film is twisted into a filament yarn and wound around a tube to show its flexibility. Credit: Kony Chatterjee.
Researchers reported in a new study that a material made of carbon nanotubes may be key in developing clothing that can heat or cool the wearer on demand. The film is twisted into a filament yarn and wound around a tube to show its flexibility. Credit: Kony Chatterjee.

Abstract:
A film made of tiny carbon nanotubes (CNT) may be a key material in developing clothing that can heat or cool the wearer on demand. A new North Carolina State University study finds that the CNT film has a combination of thermal, electrical and physical properties that make it an appealing candidate for next-generation smart fabrics.

Flexible material shows potential for use in fabrics to heat, cool

Durham, NC | Posted on July 3rd, 2020

The researchers were also able to optimize the thermal and electrical properties of the material, allowing the material to retain its desirable properties even when exposed to air for many weeks. Moreover, these properties were achieved using processes that were relatively simple and did not need excessively high temperatures.

"Many researchers are trying to develop a material that is non-toxic and inexpensive, but at the same time is efficient at heating and cooling," said Tushar Ghosh, co-corresponding author of the study. "Carbon nanotubes, if used appropriately, are safe, and we are using a form that happens to be inexpensive, relatively speaking. So it's potentially a more affordable thermoelectric material that could be used next to the skin." Ghosh is the William A. Klopman Distinguished Professor of Textiles in NC State's Wilson College of Textiles.

"We want to integrate this material into the fabric itself," said Kony Chatterjee, first author of the study and a Ph.D. student at NC State. "Right now, the research into clothing that can regulate temperature focuses heavily on integrating rigid materials into fabrics, and commercial wearable thermoelectric devices on the market aren't flexible either."

To cool the wearer, Chatterjee said, CNTs have properties that would allow heat to be drawn away from the body when an external source of current is applied.

"Think of it like a film, with cooling properties on one side of it and heating on the other," Ghosh said.

The researchers measured the material's ability to conduct electricity, as well as its thermal conductivity, or how easily heat passes through the material.

One of the biggest findings was that the material has relatively low thermal conductivity - meaning heat would not travel back to the wearer easily after leaving the body in order to cool it. That also means that if the material were used to warm the wearer, the heat would travel with a current toward the body, and not pass back out to the atmosphere.

The researchers were able to accurately measure the material's thermal conductivity through a collaboration with the lab of Jun Liu, an assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at NC State. The researchers used a special experimental design to more accurately measure the material's thermal conductivity in the direction that the electric current is moving within the material.

"You have to measure each property in the same direction to give you a reasonable estimate of the material's capabilities," said Liu, co-corresponding author of the study. "This was not an easy task; it was very challenging, but we developed a method to measure this, especially for thin flexible films."

The research team also measured the ability of the material to generate electricity using a difference in temperature, or thermal gradient, between two environments. Researchers said that they could take advantage of this for heating, cooling, or to power small electronics.

Liu said that while these thermoelectric properties were important, it was also key that they found a material that was also flexible, stable in air, and relatively simple to make.

"The point of this paper isn't that we achieved the best thermoelectric performance," Liu said. "We achieved something that can be used as a flexible, electronic, soft material that's easy to fabricate. It's easy to prepare this material, and easy to achieve these properties."

Ultimately, their vision for the project is to design a smart fabric that can heat and cool the wearer, along with energy harvesting. They believe that a smart garment could help reduce energy consumption.

"Instead of heating or cooling a whole dwelling or space, you would heat or cool the personal space around the body," Ghosh said. "If we could get the thermostat down a degree or two, that could save a tremendous amount of energy."

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Kony Chatterjee

Tushar Ghosh

Jun Liu

Laura Oleniacz

Copyright © North Carolina State University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

The paper, "In-plane Thermoelectric Properties of Flexible and Room Temperature Processable Doped Carbon Nanotube Films," was published in the journal ACS Applied Energy Materials. The paper was co-authored by Ankit Negi and Kyunghoon Kim, who are Ph.D. students at NC State. The research was supported by the National Science Foundation, under grants 1943813 and 1622451, and by the NC State Chancellor's Innovation Fund.

Related News Press

News and information

Optimized method to detect high-dimensional entanglement December 3rd, 2021

Scientists edge closer to probe that would inspect atherosclerotic plaques by forcing molecules to sound their presence December 3rd, 2021

Two-dimensional bipolar magnetic semiconductors with high Curie-temperature and electrically controllable spin polarization realized in exfoliated Cr(pyrazine)2 monolayers December 3rd, 2021

Review on the femtosecond laser precision micro/nano-engineering December 3rd, 2021

Wearable electronics

A molecule like a nanobattery: Chemical scientists decipher complex electronic structure of a three-nuclear metallorganic compound with the capacity of donating and receiving multiple electrons June 9th, 2021

New brain-like computing device simulates human learning: Researchers conditioned device to learn by association, like Pavlov's dog April 30th, 2021

CEA-Leti Announces EU Project to Mimic Multi-Timescale Processing of Biological Neural Systems: Targeted Applications Include High-Dimensional Distributed Environmental Monitoring, Implantable Medical-Diagnostic Microchips, Wearable Electronics & Human/Computer Interfaces April 23rd, 2021

Threads that sense how and when you move? New technology makes it possible: Engineers created thread sensors that can be attached to skin to measure movement in real time, with potential implications for tracking health and performance January 29th, 2021

Possible Futures

Researchers develop polyimide-mica nanocomposite film with high resistance to low earth orbit environments December 3rd, 2021

Researchers realize ultra-high precision search for exotic interactions December 3rd, 2021

Optimized method to detect high-dimensional entanglement December 3rd, 2021

Scientists edge closer to probe that would inspect atherosclerotic plaques by forcing molecules to sound their presence December 3rd, 2021

Nanotubes/Buckyballs/Fullerenes/Nanorods

Graphene nanotubes offer an efficient replacement for carbon additives in conductive electrical heating paints November 3rd, 2021

Graphene nanotubes provide a shortcut to add conductivity to powder coatings October 1st, 2021

Scientists demonstrate pathway to forerunner of nanotubes that could lead to widespread industrial fabrication September 17th, 2021

From anti-icing coatings to protection of containers with flammable liquids: heating films with graphene nanotubes enter the market August 20th, 2021

Discoveries

Researchers develop polyimide-mica nanocomposite film with high resistance to low earth orbit environments December 3rd, 2021

Researchers realize ultra-high precision search for exotic interactions December 3rd, 2021

Optimized method to detect high-dimensional entanglement December 3rd, 2021

Scientists edge closer to probe that would inspect atherosclerotic plaques by forcing molecules to sound their presence December 3rd, 2021

Announcements

Scientists edge closer to probe that would inspect atherosclerotic plaques by forcing molecules to sound their presence December 3rd, 2021

Two-dimensional bipolar magnetic semiconductors with high Curie-temperature and electrically controllable spin polarization realized in exfoliated Cr(pyrazine)2 monolayers December 3rd, 2021

Review on the femtosecond laser precision micro/nano-engineering December 3rd, 2021

Development of a single-process platform for the manufacture of graphene quantum dots: Precisely controls the bonding configuration of heteroatoms in graphene quantum dots through simple chemical processes. Practical application and commercialization in various fields is expected December 3rd, 2021

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers/Posters

Using green tea as reducing reagent for the preparation of nanomaterials to synthesize ammonia December 3rd, 2021

Researchers develop polyimide-mica nanocomposite film with high resistance to low earth orbit environments December 3rd, 2021

Researchers realize ultra-high precision search for exotic interactions December 3rd, 2021

Development of a single-process platform for the manufacture of graphene quantum dots: Precisely controls the bonding configuration of heteroatoms in graphene quantum dots through simple chemical processes. Practical application and commercialization in various fields is expected December 3rd, 2021

Textiles/Clothing

NUS ‘smart’ textiles boost connectivity between wearable sensors by 1,000 times: Metamaterials are incorporated into conventional clothing to dramatically improve signal strength between electronic devices, allowing for new applications July 15th, 2019

The materials engineers are developing environmentally friendly materials: The materials engineers are developing environmentally friendly materials for producing smart textiles November 2nd, 2018

A bullet-proof heating pad November 2nd, 2018

Eco-friendly waterproof polymer films synthesized using novel method October 31st, 2018

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project