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Home > Press > Extracting energy from a 60 nanometers thin layer

Figure 1: 3D representation of the AFM nanometric tip used to obtain the direct piezoelectric characteristic of a thin film ferroelectric material. The BFO ferroelectric material, with perovskite crystal structure, was used to demonstrate that the direct effect takes a role at the nanoscale level.
Figure 1: 3D representation of the AFM nanometric tip used to obtain the direct piezoelectric characteristic of a thin film ferroelectric material. The BFO ferroelectric material, with perovskite crystal structure, was used to demonstrate that the direct effect takes a role at the nanoscale level.

Abstract:
A team of researchers have demonstrated the viability of the direct piezoelectric effect in a thin film Bismuth Ferrite Material for the first time. The work, published in Nanoscale entitles “Direct and Converse Piezoelectric Responses at the Nanoscale from Epitaxial BiFeO3 Thin Films Grown by Polymer Assisted Deposition” which has gained the cover letter of such journal.

Extracting energy from a 60 nanometers thin layer

Bellaterra, Spain | Posted on October 5th, 2018

In this particular research, the BFO was scanned in a novel methodology named “Direct Piezoelectric Force Microscopy” DPFM, a new AFM mode invented in 2017

( https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-01361-2 ). The material in this mode is stressed by the AFM tip with nanometric size. The tip applies a force in the range of hundreds of microNewton and measures the generated charge that is created by the material. For the case of BFO material, the piezoelectric characteristics were collected when the tip crosses antiparallel domain configurations, see the following video for a 3D representation of the tip crossing such configuration:



https://youtu.be/ir3W2Vk8hCs


The good quality of the films arising from a novel method based in polymer assisted deposition ensured a constant and reliable current signal. Nevertheless the reliability, the signal to measure is, because of the generated charge, extremely weak. Specifically, researcher measured currents in the femtoAmpere level (10E-15 Amperes). Consider that a typical personal computer consumes around 1 A. The current signal was integrated to find the d33 characteristics of the material. This research is crucial for the development of piezoelectric material and it is understanding at the nanoscale, being the very first time that the direct piezoelectric effect also works at the nanoscale.

“More info:

Direct and converse piezoelectric responses at the nanoscale from epitaxial BiFeO3 thin films grown by polymer assisted deposition. Nanoscale (2018) DOI:10.1039/C8NR05737K

Piezo-generated charge mapping revealed through Direct Piezoelectric Force Microscopy, A. Gomez et al. , Nature Communications (2017), DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01361-2”

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Andrés Gómez Rodríguez

Scanning Probe Microscopy Laboratory
ICMAB
Campus UAB
08193, Bellaterra
Spain


+(34)935 801 853 Ext. 389
http://services.icmab.es/spm/

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