Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors





Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


android tablet pc

Home > Press > New Nanopore Sensor Simplifies Analysis of Methylated DNA

Abstract:
DNA methylation, the addition of a methyl group to specific locations on a DNA strand, plays a critical role in determining which genes are active in a cell at any given time. It plays an important role in embryonic development, cell growth and reproduction, and many diseases, including cancer. Now, researchers collaborating at the Mayo Clinic and the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign have developed a novel single molecule test for detecting DNA methylation that should greatly simplify and advance the study of this important genomic process.

New Nanopore Sensor Simplifies Analysis of Methylated DNA

Bethesda, MD | Posted on May 20th, 2013

The details of this new test appear in a paper published in the journal Scientific Reports. This study was led by George Vasmatzis, co-leader of the Mayo Clinic's Biomarker Discovery Program in the Center for Individualized Medicine, and Rashid Bashir, co-principal investigator of the Midwest Cancer Nanotechnology Training Center at the University of Illinois, part of the National Cancer Institute's Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer.

The new method relies on solid-state nanopores, nanometer-sized holes created using standard semiconductor processing technologies in membranes made of a particular type of insulating material known as a dielectric. Electrical signals from the dielectric change in specific patterns when molecules, such as DNA pass through the nanopore. In this case, the collaborating teams labeled methylated regions of DNA with a specific methyl DNA binding protein known as MBD1.Whenever the protein-labeled region of DNA passes through a nanopore, the electrical current changes by a factor of three compared to when unlabeled regions of DNA pass through the pore, an easily observed change.

"While nanopores have been studied for genomic sequencing and screening analysis, this new assay can potentially circumvent the need for some of the current processes in evaluating epigenetics-related diseases," says Dr. Vasmatzis. He says the assay could eliminate the need for bisulfite conversion of DNA, fluorescent labeling, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the standard method for detecting methylated DNA. While this method is useful, its limitation is that it requires large quantities of DNA.

In its current form, this new technique can detect single instances of DNA methylation with high fidelity and determine the total number of methylation sites per DNA molecule. According to Dr. Bashir, "The next step in this research is to increase the spatial resolution by incorporating thinner membranes and by integrating the same preparation steps." Such improvements would then enable researchers to create high-resolution methylation maps that would be useful for characterizing so-called epigenetic diseases, including cancer.

The investigators note that "cancer-specific methylated DNA from most tumor types are known to be present in biopsy specimens and in patient serum at very low concentrations. A rapid, accurate, and amplification free assay to detect these biomarkers from minute sample volumes could prove invaluable in the early detection of disease, monitoring disease progression, and prognosis. With continued development, solid-state nanopores could meet this unmet technological and clinical need."

####

About The National Cancer Institute (NCI)
To help meet the goal of reducing the burden of cancer, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, is engaged in efforts to harness the power of nanotechnology to radically change the way we diagnose, treat and prevent cancer.

The NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer is a comprehensive, systematized initiative encompassing the public and private sectors, designed to accelerate the application of the best capabilities of nanotechnology to cancer.

Currently, scientists are limited in their ability to turn promising molecular discoveries into benefits for cancer patients. Nanotechnology can provide the technical power and tools that will enable those developing new diagnostics, therapeutics, and preventives to keep pace with today’s explosion in knowledge.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
National Cancer Institute
Office of Technology & Industrial Relations
ATTN: NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer
Building 31, Room 10A49
31 Center Drive , MSC 2580
Bethesda , MD 20892-2580

Copyright © The National Cancer Institute (NCI)

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

View full paper - "Detection and quantification of methylation in DNA using solid-state nanopores."

Related News Press

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

Nature inspires a greener way to make colorful plastics July 30th, 2014

Tough foam from tiny sheets: Rice University lab uses atom-thick materials to make ultralight foam July 29th, 2014

A new way to make microstructured surfaces: Method can produce strong, lightweight materials with specific surface properties July 29th, 2014

Seeing is bead-lieving: Rice University scientists create model 'bead-spring' chains with tunable properties July 28th, 2014

Nanomedicine

Zenosense, Inc. July 29th, 2014

Optimum inertial design for self-propulsion: A new study investigates the effects of small but finite inertia on the propulsion of micro and nano-scale swimming machines July 29th, 2014

FEI adds Phase Plate Technology and Titan Halo TEM to its Structural Biology Product Portfolio: New solutions provide the high-quality imaging and contrast necessary to analyze the 3D structure of molecules and molecular complexes July 28th, 2014

New imaging agent provides better picture of the gut July 25th, 2014

Sensors

Production of Toxic Gas Sensor Based on Nanorods July 28th, 2014

Compact Vibration Harvester Power Supply with Highest Efficiency Opens Door to “Fix-and-Forget” Sensor Nodes July 23rd, 2014

Nano-sized Chip "Sniffs Out" Explosives Far Better than Trained Dogs: TAU researcher's groundbreaking sensor detects miniscule concentrations of hazardous materials in the air July 23rd, 2014

Tiny laser sensor heightens bomb detection sensitivity July 19th, 2014

Announcements

University of Manchester selects Anasys AFM-IR for coatings and corrosion research July 30th, 2014

Nature inspires a greener way to make colorful plastics July 30th, 2014

Analytical solutions from Malvern Instruments support University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researchers in understanding environmental effects of nanomaterials July 30th, 2014

FEI Unveils New Solutions for Faster Time-to-Analysis in Metals Research July 30th, 2014

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals

Nature inspires a greener way to make colorful plastics July 30th, 2014

Flexible Metamaterial Absorbers July 29th, 2014

ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering™: Brand-new journal names editor July 29th, 2014

Tough foam from tiny sheets: Rice University lab uses atom-thick materials to make ultralight foam July 29th, 2014

Energy

Oregon chemists eye improved thin films with metal substitution: Solution-based inorganic process could drive more efficient electronics and solar devices July 21st, 2014

Steam from the sun: New spongelike structure converts solar energy into steam July 21st, 2014

3-D nanostructure could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage: Rice U. researchers predict functional advantages of 3-D boron nitride July 15th, 2014

Nanotechnology that will impact the Security & Defense sectors to be discussed at NanoSD2014 conference July 8th, 2014

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More














ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







© Copyright 1999-2014 7th Wave, Inc. All Rights Reserved PRIVACY POLICY :: CONTACT US :: STATS :: SITE MAP :: ADVERTISE