Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > 'Mirage-effect' helps researchers hide objects

Abstract:
Scientists have created a working cloaking device that not only takes advantage of one of nature's most bizarre phenomenon, but also boasts unique features; it has an 'on and off' switch and is best used underwater.

The researchers, from the University of Dallas, Texas, have demonstrated the device's ability to make objects disappear in a fascinating video shown here:



'Mirage-effect' helps researchers hide objects

London, UK | Posted on October 3rd, 2011

This novel design, presented today, Tuesday 4 September, in IOP Publishing's journal Nanotechnology, makes use of sheets of carbon nanotubes (CNT) - one-molecule-thick sheets of carbon wrapped up into cylindrical tubes.

CNTs have such unique properties, such as having the density of air but the strength of steel, that they have been extensively studied and put forward for numerous applications; however it is their exceptional ability to conduct heat and transfer it to surrounding areas that makes them an ideal material to exploit the so-called "mirage effect".

The mirage effect, frequently observed in deserts or on long roads in the summer, is an optical phenomenon in which light rays are bent to produce a displaced image of distant objects or the sky.

The most common example of a mirage is when an observer appears to see pools of water on the ground. This occurs because the air near the ground is a lot warmer than the air higher up, causing lights rays to bend upward towards the viewer's eye rather than bounce off the surface.

This results in an image of the sky appearing on the ground which the viewer perceives as water actually reflecting the sky; the brain sees this as a more likely occurrence.

Through electrical stimulation, the transparent sheet of highly aligned CNTs can be easily heated to high temperatures. They then have the ability to transfer that heat to its surrounding areas, causing a steep temperature gradient. Just like a mirage, this steep temperature gradient causes the light rays to bend away from the object concealed behind the device, making it appear invisible.

With this method, it is more practical to demonstrate cloaking underwater as all of the apparatus can be contained in a petri dish. It is the ease with which the CNTs can be heated that gives the device its unique 'on and off' feature.

Lead-author, Dr Ali Aliev, said, "Using these nanotube sheets, concealment can be realized over the entire optical range and rapidly turned on-and-off at will, using either electrical heating or a pulse of electromagnetic radiation.

"The research results also provide useful insights into the optimization of nanotube sheets as thermoacoustic projectors for loud speaker and sonar applications, where sound is produced by heating using an alternating electrical current."

An Institute of Physics spokesperson said, "It is remarkable to see this cloaking device demonstrated in real life and on a workable scale. The array of applications that could arise from this device, besides cloaking, is a testament to the excellent work of the authors."

From Tuesday 4 September, this paper can be downloaded from http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/22/43/435704

####

About Institute of Physics
The Institute of Physics is a leading scientific society promoting physics and bringing physicists together for the benefit of all.

It has a worldwide membership of around 40 000 comprising physicists from all sectors, as well as those with an interest in physics. It works to advance physics research, application and education; and engages with policy makers and the public to develop awareness and understanding of physics. Its publishing company, IOP Publishing, is a world leader in professional scientific communications.

IOP Publishing

IOP Publishing provides publications through which leading-edge scientific research is distributed worldwide. IOP Publishing is central to the Institute of Physics (IOP), a not-for-profit society. Any financial surplus earned by IOP Publishing goes to support science through the activities of IOP. Beyond our traditional journals programme, we make high-value scientific information easily accessible through an ever-evolving portfolio of community websites, magazines, conference proceedings and a multitude of electronic services. Focused on making the most of new technologies, we're continually improving our electronic interfaces to make it easier for researchers to find exactly what they need, when they need it, in the format that suits them best. Go to ioppublishing.org/

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Michael Bishop

44 01-179-301-032

Copyright © Institute of Physics

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

The published version of the paper "Mirage effect from thermally modulated transparent carbon nanotube sheet" Aliev A et al 2011 22 435704 will be freely available online from Tuesday 4 September. It will be available at:

Related News Press

News and information

Nanometrics to Announce Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results on February 5, 2019 January 18th, 2019

ULVAC Inc., and Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology collaborate to bring Atomic Scale Processing solutions to the Japanese Power and RF markets January 18th, 2019

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Brilliant glow of paint-on semiconductors comes from ornate quantum physics January 18th, 2019

January 18th, 2019

Physics

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Videos/Movies

WSU researchers develop new technique to understand biology at the nanoscale November 7th, 2018

The National Graphene Association Is Excited To Announce A New Affiliate Partnership With Graphene Engineering Innovation Centre (GEIC) November 7th, 2018

How to mass produce cell-sized robots: Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring October 24th, 2018

A New Way to Measure Nearly Nothing: NIST prototype design uses ultracold trapped atoms to measure pressure October 22nd, 2018

Nanotubes/Buckyballs/Fullerenes/Nanorods

Drilling speed increased by 20% yet another upgrade in the oil & gas sector made possible by graphene nanotubes January 15th, 2019

Chemical synthesis of nanotubes: Nanometer-sized tubes made from simple benzene molecules January 11th, 2019

'Smart skin' simplifies spotting strain in structures: Rice U. invention can use fluorescing carbon nanotubes to reveal stress in aircraft, structures November 15th, 2018

Ultrasensitive toxic gas detector October 31st, 2018

Discoveries

Using bacteria to create a water filter that kills bacteria: New technology can clean water twice as fast as commercially available ultrafiltration membranes January 18th, 2019

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Brilliant glow of paint-on semiconductors comes from ornate quantum physics January 18th, 2019

January 18th, 2019

Announcements

Nanometrics to Announce Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results on February 5, 2019 January 18th, 2019

ULVAC Inc., and Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology collaborate to bring Atomic Scale Processing solutions to the Japanese Power and RF markets January 18th, 2019

Kiel physicists discover new effect in the interaction of plasmas with solids January 18th, 2019

Brilliant glow of paint-on semiconductors comes from ornate quantum physics January 18th, 2019

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project