Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors





Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


DHgate

Home > Press > Optical properties of nanostructured materials: a review

Abstract:
J. Nanophoton. 5, 052502 (Aug 10, 2011) dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3609266

François Flory
Ecole Centrale Marseille, Technopôle de château Gombert, 38 rue Joliot Curie, 13451 Marseille cedex 13, France

Ludovic Escoubas
Aix-Marseille University, Institut Matériaux Microélectronique Nanosciences de Provence IM2NP CNRS UMR 6242, Campus de Saint-Jérôme, Avenue Escadrille Normandie Niemen Service 231, F-13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France

Gérard Berginc
Thalès Optronique S.A., 2 Avenue Gay-Lussac, 78995 Elancourt Cedex, France

Optical properties of nanostructured materials: a review

University Park, PA | Posted on August 11th, 2011

Depending on the size of the smallest feature, the interaction of light with structured materials can be very different. This fundamental problem is treated by different theories. If first order theories are sufficient to describe the scattering from low roughness surfaces, second order or even higher order theories must be used for high roughness surfaces. Random surface structures can then be designed to distribute the light in different propagation directions. For complex structures such as black silicon, which reflects very little light, the theory needs further development. When the material is periodically structured, we speak about photonic crystals or metamaterials. Different theoretical approaches have been developed and experimental techniques are rapidly progressing. However, some work still remains to understand the full potential of this field. When the material is structured in dimension much smaller than the wavelength, the notion of complex refractive index must be revisited. Plasmon resonance can be excited by a progressing wave on metallic nanoparticles inducing a shaping of the absorption band and of the dispersion of the extinction coefficient. This addresses the problem of the permittivity of such metallic nanoparticles. The coupling between several metallic nanoparticles induces a field enhancement in the surrounding media, which can increase phenomena like scattering, absorption, luminescence, or Raman scattering. For semiconductor nanoparticles, electron confinement also induces a modulated absorption spectra. The refractive index is then modified. The bandgap of the material is changed because of the discretization of the electron energy, which can be controlled by the nanometers size particles. Such quantum dots behave like atoms and become luminescent. The lifetime of the electron in the excited states are much larger than in continuous energy bands. Electrons in coupled quantum dots behave as they do in molecules. Many applications should be forthcoming in the near future in this field of research.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Ph.D., D.Sc.
The Charles G. Binder (Endowed) Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802-6812, USA
Tel: +1-814-863-4319/0554

www.esm.psu.edu/~axl4

Copyright © Pennsylvania State University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Sol-gel capacitor dielectric offers record-high energy storage July 30th, 2015

Controlling Dynamic Behavior of Carbon Nanosheets in Structures Made Possible July 30th, 2015

Newly-Developed Polymers Control Size of Nanoparticles during Production Process July 30th, 2015

Detecting small metallic contaminants in food via magnetization: A practical metallic-contaminant detecting system using three high-Tc RF superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) July 29th, 2015

Controlling phase changes in solids: Controlling phase changes in solids July 29th, 2015

Physics

Meet the high-performance single-molecule diode: Major milestone in molecular electronics scored by Berkeley Lab and Columbia University team July 29th, 2015

Detecting small metallic contaminants in food via magnetization: A practical metallic-contaminant detecting system using three high-Tc RF superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) July 29th, 2015

Announcements

Sol-gel capacitor dielectric offers record-high energy storage July 30th, 2015

Controlling Dynamic Behavior of Carbon Nanosheets in Structures Made Possible July 30th, 2015

Newly-Developed Polymers Control Size of Nanoparticles during Production Process July 30th, 2015

Detecting small metallic contaminants in food via magnetization: A practical metallic-contaminant detecting system using three high-Tc RF superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) July 29th, 2015

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers

Sol-gel capacitor dielectric offers record-high energy storage July 30th, 2015

Controlling Dynamic Behavior of Carbon Nanosheets in Structures Made Possible July 30th, 2015

Newly-Developed Polymers Control Size of Nanoparticles during Production Process July 30th, 2015

Meet the high-performance single-molecule diode: Major milestone in molecular electronics scored by Berkeley Lab and Columbia University team July 29th, 2015

Quantum Dots/Rods

Quantum networks: Back and forth are not equal distances! July 28th, 2015

Superfast fluorescence sets new speed record: Plasmonic device has speed and efficiency to serve optical computers July 27th, 2015

Engineered hybrid crystal opens new frontiers for high-efficiency lighting: University of Toronto researchers successfully combine 2 different materials to create new hyper-efficient light-emitting crystal July 16th, 2015

Down to the quantum dot: Jülich researchers develop ultrahigh-resolution 3-D microscopy technique for electric fields July 7th, 2015

Photonics/Optics/Lasers

March 2016; 6th Int'l Conference on Nanostructures in Iran July 29th, 2015

Controlling phase changes in solids: Controlling phase changes in solids July 29th, 2015

Perfect Optical Properties in Production of Aluminum Oxide Colloid Nanoparticles July 28th, 2015

Short wavelength plasmons observed in nanotubes: Berkeley Lab researchers create Ludinger liquid plasmons in metallic SWNTs July 28th, 2015

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project