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Home > News > Nanotechnology in the service of medicine

July 19th, 2010

Nanotechnology in the service of medicine

Abstract:
Russian nuclear physicists at the "Alpha" Research and Production Facility in Dubna have developed an advanced apparatus for plasmapheresis. There is no analogous apparatus elsewhere in the world. According to the developers, the purification of blood using nanotechnology saves the lives of Russians from atherosclerosis and many other serious illnesses.

There is a need to remove toxins from blood to treat atherosclerosis. The plasmapheresis removes cholesterol and lipoproteins that forms plaques in the inner lining of the arteries. Russians use only imported equipment to follow this procedure, and it costs about 1, 000 U.S. dollars per patient. The development by the scientists in Dubna makes the treatment accessible for a large number of patients since it is several times cheaper than the foreign technology.

The Russian scientists suggested using a nano-filter for plasmapheresis. It is made out of a film similar to one which is used in the food industry. The film is placed in a cyclotron where it is subjected to the bombardments of argon atoms. Then it is placed in alkaline to create nano-holes at the places where atoms hit it. In the end, we get a punched film with 200 nanometer diameter holes. In fact, the diameter of a hole is 250 times less than that of a hair.

Source:
ruvr.ru

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