Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International



Home > Press > Solar and Nuclear Energy Expertise to be Enhanced by Research Centers: Los Alamos to establish two DOE-funded Energy Frontier Research Centers

Abstract:
Solar- and nuclear-energy technology advancements from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) could help the nation in its quest to capture viable sources of alternative energy, thanks to funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.

Solar and Nuclear Energy Expertise to be Enhanced by Research Centers: Los Alamos to establish two DOE-funded Energy Frontier Research Centers

LOS ALAMOS, NM | Posted on May 12th, 2009

Los Alamos will be home to two new Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs)—each designed to advance scientific research in alternative and renewable energy—through a five-year funding commitment by DOE. Forty-six such centers will be established nationwide at national laboratories, universities, nonprofit organizations, and private firms. The two LANL centers each will receive $3.8 million a year in funding ($19 million each total over the five-year term).

One center, led by Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow Victor Klimov, will focus on exploiting the physical properties of nanomaterials (compilations of structures so tiny they can't be seen by the human eye) to more efficiently convert solar energy into electric power, or develop materials such as highly efficient solar collectors that could be painted onto a surface to generate electricity. At the center of this research are quantum dots, extremely tiny semi-conducting materials with the ability to generate more than one electrical-energy unit (electron) per single light unit (photon)—an improvement over today's solar cells.

"Engineered nanostructures such as quantum dots have the ability to harvest light more efficiently than silicon," Klimov said. "Quantum dots and similar nanomaterials show tremendous potential in

numerous applications that could make solar energy a more viable alternative energy source."

The other center, led by Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow Michael Nastasi, will focus on developing robust materials that will be able to withstand extreme conditions such as constant bombardment by radiation or around-the-clock mechanical beatings. To develop these materials, Nastasi and his research team will develop technology to design and engineer bulk materials at the molecular level using nanomaterials.

"The goal of this research is to create materials that will withstand the rigors of next-generation nuclear of reactors to allow them to function reliably and safely for long periods of time with reduced maintenance," Nastasi said. "We will identify inherent characteristics of materials at the atomic level that allow these materials to withstand extreme environments or lead to failure within them. We would then hope to be able to selectively design and create structures at the nanoscale to exploit strengths or eliminate weaknesses to make these materials particularly suited to surviving in extreme environments."

In addition to leading two centers, LANL will participate in five others nationwide. Funding for the two centers does not come from the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. More information about the EFRCs can be found at http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/EFRC.html.

####

About Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos National Laboratory, a multidisciplinary research institution engaged in strategic science on behalf of national security, is operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC, a team composed of Bechtel National, the University of California, The Babcock & Wilcox Company, and the Washington Division of URS for the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration.

Los Alamos enhances national security by ensuring the safety and reliability of the U.S. nuclear stockpile, developing technologies to reduce threats from weapons of mass destruction, and solving problems related to energy, environment, infrastructure, health, and global security concerns.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
AMES E. RICKMAN
505-665-9203

Copyright © Los Alamos National Laboratory

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Bioengineered nanoparticles show promise for fibrinogen manufacture, says Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis study: Scientists engineer a nanoparticle polymer that can selectively bind to fibrinogen in human plasma, presenting a pathway for improved drug development January 14th, 2022

Photon recycling – The key to high-efficiency perovskite solar cells January 14th, 2022

NSF funds Rice effort to measure, preserve quantum entanglement: Physicist Guido Pagano wins CAREER Award to develop tools for quantum computing January 14th, 2022

Tuning the bonds of paired quantum particles to create dissipationless flow: A tunable platform made from atomically thin materials may help researchers figure out how to create a robust quantum condensate that can flow without losing energy January 14th, 2022

Laboratories

Unprecedented view of a single catalyst nanoparticle at work: X-rays reveal compositional changes on active surface under reaction conditions October 1st, 2021

A simple way to get complex semiconductors to assemble themselves: Much like crystallizing rock candy from sugar syrup, the new method grows 2D perovskites precisely layered with other 2D materials to produce crystals with a wide range of electronic properties September 17th, 2021

Scientists demonstrate pathway to forerunner of nanotubes that could lead to widespread industrial fabrication September 17th, 2021

Patterning silicon at the one nanometer scale: Scientists engineer materials’ electrical and optical properties with plasmon engineering August 13th, 2021

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

Nanostructures get complex with electron equivalents: Nanoparticles of two different sizes break away from symmetrical designs January 14th, 2022

Physicists watch as ultracold atoms form a crystal of quantum tornadoes: The new observations record a key crossover from classical to quantum behavior January 7th, 2022

Nanotube fibers stand strong -- but for how long? Rice scientists calculate how carbon nanotubes and their fibers experience fatigue December 24th, 2021

Record-breaking hole mobility heralds a flexible future for electronics: Researchers from The University of Tsukuba grow a germanium thin film on a flexible polyimide substrate, resulting in a material with the highest hole mobility reported to date December 24th, 2021

Announcements

Nanostructures get complex with electron equivalents: Nanoparticles of two different sizes break away from symmetrical designs January 14th, 2022

New photonic effect could speed drug development: Twisted semiconductor nanostructures convert red light into the twisted blue light in tiny volumes, which may help develop chiral drugs January 14th, 2022

UT Southwestern develops nanotherapeutic to ward off liver cancer January 14th, 2022

The free-energy principle explains the brain January 14th, 2022

Energy

Photon recycling – The key to high-efficiency perovskite solar cells January 14th, 2022

Templating approach stabilizes ‘ideal’ material for alternative solar cells December 24th, 2021

Activating lattice oxygen in perovskite oxide to optimize fuel cell performance December 17th, 2021

Nanodiamonds are key to efficient hydrogen purification: Nanodiamonds may be tiny, but they can help with one of the biggest problems facing humanity today: Climate change December 17th, 2021

Quantum Dots/Rods

Development of a single-process platform for the manufacture of graphene quantum dots: Precisely controls the bonding configuration of heteroatoms in graphene quantum dots through simple chemical processes. Practical application and commercialization in various fields is expected December 3rd, 2021

New substance classes for nanomaterials: Nano spheres and diamond slivers made of silicon and germanium: Potential applications as nano semiconductor materials September 10th, 2021

‘Missing jigsaw piece’: engineers make critical advance in quantum computer design August 20th, 2021

Pushing the boundaries of colloidal quantum dots by making their sizes equal: Scientists demonstrate the relationship between optoelectronic performance and size uniformity in perovskite colloidal quantum dots June 25th, 2021

Solar/Photovoltaic

Photon recycling – The key to high-efficiency perovskite solar cells January 14th, 2022

Templating approach stabilizes ‘ideal’ material for alternative solar cells December 24th, 2021

Reaction-dependent coffee-ring-regulating method in spray-coating perovskite November 5th, 2021

A sunny outlook for solar: New research demonstrates great promise of all-inorganic perovskite solar cells for improving the efficiencies of solar cells October 15th, 2021

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project