Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Hybrid Metal and Organic Nanoparticles for Targeting, Imaging, and Treating Cancer

Abstract:
Using a set of three biocompatible polymers and a nanoparticle containing gadolinium, a team of investigators at the Colorado School of Mines has created a nanoparticle platform that has the potential to target, image, and treat cancer. Gadolinium ions are used widely in medical imaging because of their ability to dramatically boost magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals. However, gadolinium can be toxic, particularly to the kidneys, so researchers have examined numerous ways of creating gadolinium constructs that would shield this element from the body.

Hybrid Metal and Organic Nanoparticles for Targeting, Imaging, and Treating Cancer

Bethesda, MD | Posted on April 27th, 2009

Writing in the journal Biomacromolecules, a team of investigators led by Stephen Boyes, Ph.D., solved this biocompatibility problem while creating a versatile nanoparticle, platform-attaching tumor-targeting molecules, and therapeutic agents. The investigators started by creating gadolinium nanoparticles in which the gadolinium ions were stably constrained with an organic framework. Next, they grew a three-component polymer on a nanoparticle surface using a chemical process known as reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT). The resulting polymer coating proved in tests to be both biocompatible and highly stable. In addition, the coating contained various chemical groups that enabled the researchers to attach the anticancer agent methotrexate and a tumor-targeting peptide known as GRGDS. The researchers note that they could have chosen other targeting and therapeutic agents to attach to the polymer coating.

MRI experiments showed that these nanoparticles generated magnetic signals as strong as those produced by MRI contrast agents now in clinical use, but with one-third less contrast agent. In addition, the investigators showed that one of the polymer components produced a significant fluorescence signal, suggesting that these nanoparticles could provide clinically useful, dual-mode imaging capabilities. Tests with tumor cells grown in culture showed that these nanoparticles were effective at targeting tumor cells, with little uptake by normal cells. Once taken up by tumor cells, the nanoparticles were as effective at killing the cells as was methotrexate.

####

About National Cancer Institute
To help meet the goal of reducing the burden of cancer, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, is engaged in efforts to harness the power of nanotechnology to radically change the way we diagnose, treat and prevent cancer.

The NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer is a comprehensive, systematized initiative encompassing the public and private sectors, designed to accelerate the application of the best capabilities of nanotechnology to cancer.

Currently, scientists are limited in their ability to turn promising molecular discoveries into benefits for cancer patients. Nanotechnology can provide the technical power and tools that will enable those developing new diagnostics, therapeutics, and preventives to keep pace with today’s explosion in knowledge.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
National Cancer Institute
Office of Technology & Industrial Relations
ATTN: NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer
Building 31, Room 10A49
31 Center Drive , MSC 2580
Bethesda, MD 20892-2580

Copyright © National Cancer Institute

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

“Polymer-modified gadolinium metal-organic framework nanoparticles used as multifunctional nanomedicines for the targeted imaging and treatment of cancer.”

Related News Press

News and information

Photonic chip guides single photons, even when there are bends in the road February 16th, 2018

Arrowhead Receives Regulatory Clearance to Begin Phase 1/2 Study of ARO-HBV for Treatment of Hepatitis B February 15th, 2018

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Receives Orphan Drug Designation for ARO-AAT February 15th, 2018

European & Korean Project To Demo World’s First 5G Platform During Winter Games February 15th, 2018

Imaging

Graphene on toast, anyone? Rice University scientists create patterned graphene onto food, paper, cloth, cardboard February 13th, 2018

New method enables high-resolution measurements of magnetism February 7th, 2018

Leti Presents Optical-Equipment Curving Technology that Improves Performance, Cuts Costs: ‘Disruptive Approach’ for Imaging Applications Presented in Paper At Photonics West and Demonstrated in Leti’s Booth February 2nd, 2018

New technology aiming to improve trueness in the piezoelectric microscopy characterization of ceramic materials January 26th, 2018

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

Arrowhead Receives Regulatory Clearance to Begin Phase 1/2 Study of ARO-HBV for Treatment of Hepatitis B February 15th, 2018

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Receives Orphan Drug Designation for ARO-AAT February 15th, 2018

Rutgers-Led Innovation Could Spur Faster, Cheaper, Nano-Based Manufacturing: Scalable and cost-effective manufacturing of thin film devices February 14th, 2018

Understanding brain functions using upconversion nanoparticles: Researchers can now send light deep into the brain to study neural activities February 14th, 2018

Nanomedicine

Arrowhead Receives Regulatory Clearance to Begin Phase 1/2 Study of ARO-HBV for Treatment of Hepatitis B February 15th, 2018

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Receives Orphan Drug Designation for ARO-AAT February 15th, 2018

'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers February 15th, 2018

Understanding brain functions using upconversion nanoparticles: Researchers can now send light deep into the brain to study neural activities February 14th, 2018

Announcements

Photonic chip guides single photons, even when there are bends in the road February 16th, 2018

Arrowhead Receives Regulatory Clearance to Begin Phase 1/2 Study of ARO-HBV for Treatment of Hepatitis B February 15th, 2018

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Receives Orphan Drug Designation for ARO-AAT February 15th, 2018

European & Korean Project To Demo World’s First 5G Platform During Winter Games February 15th, 2018

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project