Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > EPA's Voluntary Reporting Program Fails to Deliver Data: Needed to Determine Safety of Nanomaterials, Report Shows

Abstract:
Voluntary Approach Captures Only a Thin Slice of Nanomaterials in Use or Development in the U.S.

EPA's Voluntary Reporting Program Fails to Deliver Data: Needed to Determine Safety of Nanomaterials, Report Shows

Washington, DC | Posted on January 13th, 2009

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has acknowledged that its voluntary approach to reporting has yielded only limited information on a small fraction of the hundreds of potentially toxic nanomaterials already in commercial use or in development in the United States, according to Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).

In an "interim report" issued nearly a year after launch of its Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program, EPA disclosed that it has received submissions addressing less than 10 percent of the more than 1,000 nanomaterials EPA identified as likely to be in commercial production. Moreover, the voluntary submissions contain scant environmental health and safety data, and much of the information they do contain is kept secret from the public because the companies submitting the data claim it is confidential business information (CBI).

"EPA's voluntary approach has failed to provide both EPA and the public with critical data on the full range of nanomaterials in production and use in the United States," said Dr. Richard A. Denison, a senior scientist at EDF, who advised EPA on its approach to nanomaterials as >a member of the National Pollution Prevention and Toxics Advisory Committee (NPPTAC). "With hundreds of nano products already on the shelves, EPA has squandered precious time while it slowly developed and pursued a program that informed stakeholders cautioned would not yield what was needed."

While still claiming the Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program to be "successful," EPA's report concedes that the program has come nowhere close to assembling a full picture of research and commercial activity involving nanomaterials. The report's other findings include:

-The submissions encompassed only 1/7 of the unique chemical structures on which nanomaterials in use or development are based.

-Toxicity and environmental fate data were provided for at most a few percent of these nanomaterials, confirming that only a small fraction of all nanomaterials have been sufficiently studied despite their rapid commercialization.

-EPA acknowledged it cannot determine whether participants submitted information on all or only a subset of nanomaterials they produce, and whether information submitted for a given nanomaterial was complete or selective.  EDF had predicted precisely this problem because of EPA's failure to include these metrics in the design of the Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program.

-Only four companies have agreed to consider conducting any testing, leading EPA to conclude that "most companies are not inclined to voluntarily test their nanoscale materials."

"We welcome EPA's statement that it is finally 'considering how to best use testing and information gathering authorities under the Toxic Substances Control Act' to address the remaining gaps in information," Denison concluded. "More than three years ago, the National Pollution Prevention and Toxics Advisory Committee advised EPA immediately to begin developing such mandatory measures as a supplement to the voluntary program, recognizing it would not be sufficient. EPA now needs to refocus its energies on these critical tasks."

A list of companies participating in the Program is attached.

Companies and associations participating in EPA's Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program
(as of December 8, 2008; see www.epa.gov/oppt/nano/stewardship.htm#participants)

Submissions under the Basic Program

Ahwanee

Altairnano

Arkema

BASF Corporation

Bayer Material Science

Dow Chemical

DuPont

Evonik/Degussa

General Electric

International Carbon Black Association

Nano-C

Nanofilm

Nanophase Technologies Corporation

Nantero

Office ZPI

PPG Industries

Pressure Chemical

Quantum Sphere

Sabic Plastic Innovations

Sasol North America

Selah Technologies, Inc.

Showa Denk KK

SouthWest NanoTechnologies, Inc.

Showa Denko KK

SouthWest Nano Technologies, Inc.

Strem Chemicals

Swan Chemicals Inc.

Synthetic Amorphous Silica and
 Silicate Industry Association

Unidym

Two companies with identities
claimed as Confidential Business
 Information

Additional Commitments to Submit Information under the Basic Program

Angstron Materials

eSpin Technologies

Evident Technologies

Luna Nanoworks

MicroTechNano

Nanocyl North America

One company with identity claimed
 as Confidential Business
Information

Commitments to Participate in the In-depth Program

Selah Technologies, Inc.

SouthWest NanoTechnologies, Inc.

Swan Chemicals Inc.

Unidym

####

About Environmental Defense Fund
Environmental Defense Fund, a leading national nonprofit organization, represents more than 500,000 members. Since 1967, Environmental Defense Fund has linked science, economics, law and innovative private-sector partnerships to create breakthrough solutions to the most serious environmental problems.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Jennifer Andreassen
202-572-3387

Copyright © Environmental Defense Fund

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

A nanoscale wireless communication system via plasmonic antennas: Greater control affords 'in-plane' transmission of waves at or near visible light August 27th, 2016

Forces of nature: Interview with microscopy innovators Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber August 26th, 2016

A promising route to the scalable production of highly crystalline graphene films August 26th, 2016

Graphene under pressure August 26th, 2016

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

Analog DNA circuit does math in a test tube: DNA computers could one day be programmed to diagnose and treat disease August 25th, 2016

New approach to determining how atoms are arranged in materials August 25th, 2016

Johns Hopkins scientists track metabolic pathways to find drug combination for pancreatic cancer August 25th, 2016

New electrical energy storage material shows its power: Nanomaterial combines attributes of both batteries and supercapacitors August 25th, 2016

Announcements

A nanoscale wireless communication system via plasmonic antennas: Greater control affords 'in-plane' transmission of waves at or near visible light August 27th, 2016

Forces of nature: Interview with microscopy innovators Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber August 26th, 2016

A promising route to the scalable production of highly crystalline graphene films August 26th, 2016

Graphene under pressure August 26th, 2016

Environment

Nanofur for oil spill cleanup: Materials researchers learn from aquatic ferns: Hairy plant leaves are highly oil-absorbing / publication in bioinspiration & biomimetics / video on absorption capacity August 25th, 2016

Researchers watch catalysts at work August 19th, 2016

Down to the wire: ONR researchers and new bacteria August 18th, 2016

SLAC, Stanford gadget grabs more solar energy to disinfect water faster: Plopped into water, a tiny device triggers the formation of chemicals that kill microbes in minutes August 15th, 2016

Safety-Nanoparticles/Risk management

UK NANOSAFETY GROUP publishes 2nd Edition of guidance to support safe working with nanomaterials May 30th, 2016

PETA science group publishes a review on pulmonary effects of nanomaterials: Archives of Toxicology publishes a review of scientific studies on fibrotic potential of nanomaterials May 26th, 2016

Common nanoparticle has subtle effects on oxidative stress genes May 11th, 2016

Non-animal approach to predict impact of nanomaterials on human lung published Archives of Toxicology publishes workshop recommendations May 2nd, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







Car Brands
Buy website traffic