Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Hydrogen atom trapped in unique cage

Figure 1: The hydrogen atom (H1) nestles perfectly between four yttrium atoms (orange) in the unusual organometallic compound.

Reproduced with permission from Ref. 2 © American Chemical Society
Figure 1: The hydrogen atom (H1) nestles perfectly between four yttrium atoms (orange) in the unusual organometallic compound.

Reproduced with permission from Ref. 2 © American Chemical Society

Abstract:
Unusual compound sees hydrogen bonded to four metal atoms

Hydrogen atom trapped in unique cage

Japan | Posted on July 3rd, 2008

RIKEN scientists, along with an international team of co-workers based in the US, UK and France, have spotted a hydrogen atom simultaneously bonding to four metal atoms, a highly unusual arrangement in this particular class of chemical compounds. The research may help to understand the structure of materials that could store hydrogen more efficiently.

Hydrogen normally prefers to bond with just one other atom. However, it can be persuaded into polygamy by surrounding it with metal atoms that form a cage-like cluster.

Certain compounds of uranium or thorium are already known to host four-coordinate hydrogen atoms. But these compounds' structures and properties are usually difficult to control or modify.

Conversely, the behavior of organometallic compoundsówhich possess organic (carbon-based) molecules as supporting groups around the metal atomsócan be easily controlled by changing the organic groups, allowing the compound's properties to be fine-tuned.

Zhaomin Hou and colleagues from RIKEN's Advanced Science Institute in Wako had previously prepared a series of organometallic compounds containing four metal atoms with eight hydrogen atoms and studied their structures by X-ray diffraction experiments1.

Now, in collaboration with the international team of co-workers, Hou and colleagues have studied a compound based on the metal yttrium using neutron diffraction2, a more precise technique which fires a stream of the neutral particles through a crystal of the compound and uses their subsequent trajectory to calculate the precise arrangement of atoms (Fig. 1). Two crystals, both smaller than the head of a match, were analyzed at facilities in the UK and France.

The team found that hydrogen atoms in different parts of the same compound display a range of three different bonding modesóhooking up with either two, three or four other atoms. The distance between the four-coordinate hydrogen atom and its yttrium neighbors is also surprisingly small: strong evidence that hydrogen fits tightly into the cage made by the four metal atoms.

Hou says that "studies like this will increase our understanding and appreciation of the element hydrogen and its chemistry." But it may also have practical applications. "The increasing interest in hydrogen as a fuel warrants careful studies into the structural chemistry of this most ubiquitous element," he says, adding that there are very few high-precision studies on compounds containing multiply bonded hydrogen.

The team is now studying similar compounds containing two or more different types of metals, which are expected to have unique structures and properties of their own.
Reference

1. Hou, Z., Nishiura, M. & Shima, T. Synthesis and reactions of polynuclear polyhydrido rare earth metal complexes containing "(C5Me4SiMe3)LnH2" units: A new frontier in rare earth metal hydride chemistry. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 18, 2535-2545 (2007).
2. Yousufuddin, M., Gutmann, M.J., Baldamus, J., Tardif, O., Hou, Z., Mason, S.A., McIntyre, G.J. & Bau, R. Neutron diffraction studies on a 4-coordinate hydrogen atom in an yttrium cluster. Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, 3888-3891 (2008).

####

For more information, please click here

Copyright © Riken

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Scientists discover new 'boat' form of promising semiconductor: GeSe Uncommon form attenuates semiconductor's band gap size March 23rd, 2017

Caught on camera -- chemical reactions 'filmed' at the single-molecule level March 22nd, 2017

Rare-earths become water-repellent only as they age March 22nd, 2017

Pulverizing e-waste is green, clean -- and cold: Rice, Indian Institute researchers use cryo-mill to turn circuit boards into separated powders March 21st, 2017

Discoveries

Scientists discover new 'boat' form of promising semiconductor: GeSe Uncommon form attenuates semiconductor's band gap size March 23rd, 2017

Caught on camera -- chemical reactions 'filmed' at the single-molecule level March 22nd, 2017

Rare-earths become water-repellent only as they age March 22nd, 2017

Pulverizing e-waste is green, clean -- and cold: Rice, Indian Institute researchers use cryo-mill to turn circuit boards into separated powders March 21st, 2017

Announcements

Scientists discover new 'boat' form of promising semiconductor: GeSe Uncommon form attenuates semiconductor's band gap size March 23rd, 2017

Caught on camera -- chemical reactions 'filmed' at the single-molecule level March 22nd, 2017

Rare-earths become water-repellent only as they age March 22nd, 2017

Pulverizing e-waste is green, clean -- and cold: Rice, Indian Institute researchers use cryo-mill to turn circuit boards into separated powders March 21st, 2017

Energy

Researchers develop groundbreaking process for creating ultra-selective separation membranes: Discovery could greatly improve energy-efficiency of separation and purification processes in the chemical and petrochemical industries March 15th, 2017

New nanofiber marks important step in next generation battery development March 14th, 2017

Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance: Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs March 10th, 2017

Space energy technology restored to make power stations more efficient: Scientists use graphene to reinvent abandoned heat energy converter technology March 7th, 2017

Research partnerships

Pulverizing e-waste is green, clean -- and cold: Rice, Indian Institute researchers use cryo-mill to turn circuit boards into separated powders March 21st, 2017

Nanoparticle paves the way for new triple negative breast cancer drug March 20th, 2017

Next-gen steel under the microscope March 18th, 2017

Block copolymer micellization as a protection strategy for DNA origami March 17th, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project