Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors
Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Energy-efficient spin current can be controlled by magnetic field and temperature: SCMR effect simplifies the design of fundamental spintronic components

Abstract:
The transition from light bulbs to LEDs has drastically cut the amount of electricity we use for lighting. Most of the electricity consumed by incandescent bulbs was, after all, dissipated as heat. We may now be on the verge of a comparable breakthrough in electronic computer components. Up to now, these have been run on electricity, generating unwanted heat. If spin current were employed instead, computers and similar devices could be operated in a much more energy-efficient manner. Dr. Olena Gomonay from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany and her team together with Professor Eiji Saitoh from the Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR) at Tohoku University in Japan and his work group have now discovered an effect that could make such a transition to spin current a reality. This effect significantly simplifies the design of fundamental spintronic components.

Energy-efficient spin current can be controlled by magnetic field and temperature: SCMR effect simplifies the design of fundamental spintronic components

Mainz, Germany | Posted on August 20th, 2018

Touching a computer that has been running for some time, you will feel heat. This heat is an - undesirable - side effect of the electric current. Undesirable because the heat generated, naturally, also consumes energy. We are all familiar with this effect from light bulbs, which became so hot after being on for hours that they could burn your fingers. This is because light bulbs converted only a fraction of the energy required to do their job of creating light. The energy used by LEDs, on the other hand, is almost completely used for lighting, which is why they don't become hot. This makes LEDs significantly more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs.

Instead of using an electric current composed of charged particles, a computer using a stream of particles with a spin other than zero could manipulate the material of its components in the same way to perform calculations. The primary difference is that no heat is generated, the processes are much more energy-efficient. Dr. Olena Gomonay from Mainz University and Professor Eiji Saitoh from Tohoku University have now laid the foundations for using these spin currents. More precisely, they have used the concept of spin currents and applied it to a specific material. Gomonay compares the spin currents involved with how our brains work: "Our brains process immeasurable amounts of information, but they don't heat up in the process. Nature is, therefore, way ahead of us." The team from Mainz is hoping to emulate this model.

Drastic change in current flow

How well spin currents flow depends on the material - just like in the case of electric current. While spin currents can always flow in ferromagnetic materials, in antiferromagnetic materials states with low resistance alternate with those with high resistance. "We have now found a way to control spin currents by means of a magnetic field and temperature, in other words, to control the resistance of an antiferromagnetic system based on spin," explained Gomonay, summarizing her results.

At a temperature close to the phase transition temperature, Gomonay and her team applied a small magnetic field to the material. While the applied magnetic field alters the orientation of the spin currents to allow them to be easily transported through the material, the temperature has precisely two effects. On the one hand, a higher temperature causes more particles of the material to be in excited states, meaning there are more spin carriers that can be transported, which makes spin transport easier. On the other hand, the high temperature makes it possible to operate at a low magnetic field.

Thus the resistance and the current flow change drastically by several orders of magnitude. "This effect, which we call spin colossal magnetoresistance or SCMR for short, has the potential to simplify the design of fundamental spintronic components significantly," explained the scientist from Mainz. This is particularly interesting for storage devices such as hard disks. This effect might be employed, for example, to create spin current switches as well as spin current based storage media.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Dr. Olena Gomonay

49-613-139-23643

Copyright © Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

RELATED JOURNAL ARTICLE:

nterdisciplinary Spintronics Research group (INSPIRE) at Mainz University:

JGU Institute of Physics:

Related News Press

News and information

Nanobiotix Plans to Conduct Registered Public Offering in the United States January 17th, 2019

Power stations driven by light: More efficient solar cells imitate photosynthesis January 16th, 2019

Drilling speed increased by 20% – yet another upgrade in the oil & gas sector made possible by graphene nanotubes January 15th, 2019

Chirality in 'real-time' January 14th, 2019

Physics

Physicists uncover new competing state of matter in superconducting material January 4th, 2019

Quantum chemistry on quantum computers: A quantum algorithm for tracking complex chemical reactions with neither performing demanding post-Hartree-Fock calculations nor exponential time explosion January 4th, 2019

National Quantum Initiative Act Passes Congress December 24th, 2018

Researchers make liquid crystals do the twist: UMD engineers and scientists measure previously unexamined tiny force December 21st, 2018

Magnetism

IMDEA Nanociencia and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid researchers have demonstrated that graphene deposited on a metal surface promotes an unusual chemical reaction that would hardly take place under noncatalyzed conditions. December 14th, 2018

Insights into magnetic bacteria may guide research into medical nanorobots December 12th, 2018

A new 'spin' on kagome lattices: Team's findings shed new light on the presence of spin-orbit coupling and topological spin textures in kagome lattices December 9th, 2018

2-D magnetism: Atom-thick platforms for energy, information and computing research: Scientists say the tiny 'spins' of electrons show potential to one day support next-generation innovations in many fields October 31st, 2018

Possible Futures

Nanobiotix Plans to Conduct Registered Public Offering in the United States January 17th, 2019

Power stations driven by light: More efficient solar cells imitate photosynthesis January 16th, 2019

Chirality in 'real-time' January 14th, 2019

Cartilage could be key to safe 'structural batteries' January 11th, 2019

Spintronics

Spintronics 'miracle material' put to the test: Physicists build devices using mineral perovskite January 11th, 2019

Holey graphene as Holy Grail alternative to silicon chips December 28th, 2018

Harnessing the power of 'spin orbit' coupling in silicon: Scaling up quantum computation December 7th, 2018

2-D magnetism: Atom-thick platforms for energy, information and computing research: Scientists say the tiny 'spins' of electrons show potential to one day support next-generation innovations in many fields October 31st, 2018

Chip Technology

Spintronics 'miracle material' put to the test: Physicists build devices using mineral perovskite January 11th, 2019

Nanometrics to Participate in the 21st Annual Needham Growth Conference January 7th, 2019

Holey graphene as Holy Grail alternative to silicon chips December 28th, 2018

Study on low noise, high-performance transistors may bring innovations in electronics December 28th, 2018

Memory Technology

A new 'spin' on kagome lattices: Team's findings shed new light on the presence of spin-orbit coupling and topological spin textures in kagome lattices December 9th, 2018

CEA-Leti’s RRAM-based TCAM Circuits Meet Requirements of Multicore Neuromorphic Processors December 5th, 2018

GaN Rising: UC Santa Barbara electrical and computer engineering professor Umesh Mishra to deliver 63rd Annual Faculty Research Lecture November 16th, 2018

IEDM - CEA-Leti Will Present 11 Papers and Host Workshop on Disruptive Technologies for Data Management November 7th, 2018

Discoveries

Power stations driven by light: More efficient solar cells imitate photosynthesis January 16th, 2019

Chirality in 'real-time' January 14th, 2019

Spintronics 'miracle material' put to the test: Physicists build devices using mineral perovskite January 11th, 2019

Cartilage could be key to safe 'structural batteries' January 11th, 2019

Announcements

Nanobiotix Plans to Conduct Registered Public Offering in the United States January 17th, 2019

Power stations driven by light: More efficient solar cells imitate photosynthesis January 16th, 2019

Drilling speed increased by 20% – yet another upgrade in the oil & gas sector made possible by graphene nanotubes January 15th, 2019

Chirality in 'real-time' January 14th, 2019

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers

2D materials may enable electric vehicles to get 500 miles on a single charge January 11th, 2019

New materials could help improve the performance of perovskite solar cells January 11th, 2019

Spintronics 'miracle material' put to the test: Physicists build devices using mineral perovskite January 11th, 2019

Cartilage could be key to safe 'structural batteries' January 11th, 2019

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project