Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Ultrathin black phosphorus for solar-driven hydrogen economy: Osaka University researchers use sunlight to make hydrogen with a new nanostructured catalyst based on nanosheets of black phosphorus and bismuth vanadate

Photocatalytic overall pure-water splitting using the 2-D heterostructures of BP/BiVO4 without any sacrificial agents under visible light irradiation.

CREDIT
Osaka University
Photocatalytic overall pure-water splitting using the 2-D heterostructures of BP/BiVO4 without any sacrificial agents under visible light irradiation. CREDIT Osaka University

Abstract:
Hydrogen as a fuel source, rather than hydrocarbons like oil and coal, offers many benefits. Burning hydrogen produces harmless water with the potential to eliminate carbon dioxide emissions and their environmental burden. In pursuit of technologies that could lead to a breakthrough in achieving a hydrogen economy, a key issue is making hydrogen cheaply. Using catalysts to split water is the ideal way to generate hydrogen, but doing so usually requires an energy input from other chemicals, electricity, or a portion of sunlight which has high enough energy.

Ultrathin black phosphorus for solar-driven hydrogen economy: Osaka University researchers use sunlight to make hydrogen with a new nanostructured catalyst based on nanosheets of black phosphorus and bismuth vanadate

Osaka, Japan | Posted on January 17th, 2018

Now researchers at Osaka University have developed a new catalytic system for efficiently splitting water and making hydrogen with energy from normal sunlight. Their study was recently reported in Angewandte Chemie International Edition.

"It has not been possible to use visible light for photocatalysis, but our approach of combining nanostructured black phosphorus for water reduction to hydrogen and bismuth vanadate for water oxidation to oxygen lets us make use of a wide range of the solar spectrum to make hydrogen and oxygen with unprecedented efficiency," lead author Mingshan Zhu says.

Black phosphorus has a flat, two-dimensional structure similar to that of graphene and strongly absorbs light across the whole of the visible spectrum. The researchers combined the black phosphorus with bismuth vanadate, which is a well-known water oxidation catalyst.

In the same way that plants shuttle electrons between different structures in natural photosynthesis to split water and make oxygen, the two components of this new catalyst could rapidly transfer electrons excited by sunlight. The amounts of the two components was also optimized in the catalyst, leading to production of hydrogen and oxygen gases in an ideal 2:1 ratio.

Coauthor Tetsuro Majima says, "The realization of hydrogen production powered by sunlight is the foundation of a hydrogen-oriented society. Our contribution overcomes a significant hurdle, but much work remains to be done to make hydrogen a practical fuel source in the future."

####

About Osaka University
Osaka University was founded in 1931 as one of the seven imperial universities of Japan and now has expanded to one of Japan's leading comprehensive universities. The University has now embarked on open research revolution from a position as Japan's most innovative university and among the most innovative institutions in the world according to Reuters 2015 Top 100 Innovative Universities and the Nature Index Innovation 2017. The university's ability to innovate from the stage of fundamental research through the creation of useful technology with economic impact stems from its broad disciplinary spectrum.

Website: http://resou.osaka-u.ac.jp/en/top

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Saori Obayashi

81-661-055-886

Copyright © Osaka University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

RELATED JOURNAL ARTICLE:

Related News Press

News and information

Birth of a hybrid: High-temperature synthesis under pressure helps to combine properties of metals and ceramics December 15th, 2018

The role of lipid nanoparticles and its surface modification in reaching the brain: This article by Dr. Manoli Igartua et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15, Issue 9, 2018 December 14th, 2018

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst: The inexpensive new material can split water just as efficiently as costly platinum December 14th, 2018

IMDEA Nanociencia and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid researchers have demonstrated that graphene deposited on a metal surface promotes an unusual chemical reaction that would hardly take place under noncatalyzed conditions. December 14th, 2018

Possible Futures

Birth of a hybrid: High-temperature synthesis under pressure helps to combine properties of metals and ceramics December 15th, 2018

Vitamin E TPGS emulsified vinorelbine bitartrate loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN): This article by Dr. Sanjay Singh et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15 , Issue 8 , 2018 December 14th, 2018

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst: The inexpensive new material can split water just as efficiently as costly platinum December 14th, 2018

IMDEA Nanociencia and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid researchers have demonstrated that graphene deposited on a metal surface promotes an unusual chemical reaction that would hardly take place under noncatalyzed conditions. December 14th, 2018

Discoveries

Birth of a hybrid: High-temperature synthesis under pressure helps to combine properties of metals and ceramics December 15th, 2018

A summary of electrospun nanofibers as drug delivery system: This article by Dr. José Manuel Cornejo Bravo et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15 , Issue 10 , 2018 December 14th, 2018

Vitamin E TPGS emulsified vinorelbine bitartrate loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN): This article by Dr. Sanjay Singh et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15 , Issue 8 , 2018 December 14th, 2018

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst: The inexpensive new material can split water just as efficiently as costly platinum December 14th, 2018

Materials/Metamaterials

Birth of a hybrid: High-temperature synthesis under pressure helps to combine properties of metals and ceramics December 15th, 2018

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst: The inexpensive new material can split water just as efficiently as costly platinum December 14th, 2018

IMDEA Nanociencia and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid researchers have demonstrated that graphene deposited on a metal surface promotes an unusual chemical reaction that would hardly take place under noncatalyzed conditions. December 14th, 2018

Iran Develops Water-Repellent Nano-Paint December 5th, 2018

Announcements

Birth of a hybrid: High-temperature synthesis under pressure helps to combine properties of metals and ceramics December 15th, 2018

The role of lipid nanoparticles and its surface modification in reaching the brain: This article by Dr. Manoli Igartua et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15, Issue 9, 2018 December 14th, 2018

A summary of electrospun nanofibers as drug delivery system: This article by Dr. José Manuel Cornejo Bravo et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15 , Issue 10 , 2018 December 14th, 2018

Vitamin E TPGS emulsified vinorelbine bitartrate loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN): This article by Dr. Sanjay Singh et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15 , Issue 8 , 2018 December 14th, 2018

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers

Birth of a hybrid: High-temperature synthesis under pressure helps to combine properties of metals and ceramics December 15th, 2018

The role of lipid nanoparticles and its surface modification in reaching the brain: This article by Dr. Manoli Igartua et al. is published in Current Drug Delivery, Volume 15, Issue 9, 2018 December 14th, 2018

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst: The inexpensive new material can split water just as efficiently as costly platinum December 14th, 2018

IMDEA Nanociencia and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid researchers have demonstrated that graphene deposited on a metal surface promotes an unusual chemical reaction that would hardly take place under noncatalyzed conditions. December 14th, 2018

Energy

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst: The inexpensive new material can split water just as efficiently as costly platinum December 14th, 2018

New catalyst produces cheap hydrogen November 30th, 2018

New insight into molecular processes November 23rd, 2018

Rice U. scientists form flat tellurium: Two-dimensional element shows promise for solar cells and other optoelectronics October 26th, 2018

Automotive/Transportation

Bosch provides customized IoT and Industry 4.0 solutions: Bosch Mondeville and Bosch Connected Devices and Solutions collaborate to meet a wide variety of customer requirements November 16th, 2018

GLOBALFOUNDRIES, indie Semiconductor Deliver Performance-Enhanced Microcontrollers for Automotive Applications: 55nm LPx platform, with SST’s highly reliable embedded SuperFlash®, increases performance and energy efficiency for automotive applications November 13th, 2018

GLOBALFOUNDRIES, indie Semiconductor Deliver Performance-Enhanced Microcontrollers for Automotive Applications: 55nm LPx platform, with SST’s highly reliable embedded SuperFlash®, increases performance and energy efficiency for automotive applications November 13th, 2018

IEDM - CEA-Leti Will Present 11 Papers and Host Workshop on Disruptive Technologies for Data Management November 7th, 2018

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project