Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Nanoshell-emitters hybrid nanoobject was proposed as promising 2-photon fluorescence probe

This is a schematic presentation of plasmonic-enhanced two-photon fluorescence of a single emitter inside or outside of an individual gold nanoshell.

Credit: ŠScience China Press
This is a schematic presentation of plasmonic-enhanced two-photon fluorescence of a single emitter inside or outside of an individual gold nanoshell.

Credit: ŠScience China Press

Abstract:
Two-photon excitation fluorescence is growing in popularity in the bioimaging field but is limited by fluorophores' extremely low two-photon absorption cross-section. The researcher Dr. Guowei Lu and co-workers from State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, are endeavoring to develop efficient fluorescent probes with improved two-photon fluorescence (TPF) performance. They theoretically present a promising bright probe using gold nanoshell to improve the TPF performances of fluorescent emitters. Their work, entitled "Plasmonic-Enhanced Two-Photon Fluorescence with Single Gold Nanoshell", was published in SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy.2014, Vol 57(6).

Nanoshell-emitters hybrid nanoobject was proposed as promising 2-photon fluorescence probe

Shenyang, PR China | Posted on May 22nd, 2014

The strategy of using metallic nanoparticles to achieve the TPF enhancement is an appealing scheme so-called metal-enhanced fluorescence. It is based on the coupling of the fluorophores and the plasmonic nanoparticles, resulting in enhanced fluorescence intensity, shortened fluorescence lifetime, and extended photostability. Specifically, the fluorescence enhancement can be optimally controlled through simultaneous efficient coupling between the excitation and emission processes of emitters and the dipolar and quadrupolar modes of the nanoparticles, respectively.

Among various types of metal nanoparticles, metallic nanoshells are especially suitable as the carriers of fluorescent emitters to construct hybrid TPF probes, because their plasmon resonance bands easily span the near-infrared region where biological tissues display minimal autofluorescence and absorption. The nanoshells act as optical antenna enabling the local field enhancement, the increase in radiative decay rate of the fluorophore that alters the quantum efficiency, and modulation of the far-field radiative coupling of fluorescence emission through nanoparticle scattering. Also, the core shell structure offers a perfect platform for designing and fabricating multifunctional nanoparticles.

The Peking University researchers employed the finite-difference time-domain method to systematically evaluate the two-photo fluorescence behavior of single emitter single nanoshell configuration. Simultaneous excitation and emission enhancements could be achieved by the suitable dimensions of the nanoshell. They found that the emitter located inside or outside the nanoshell at various positions led to significantly different enhancement effect. (as shown in the Figure).

The fluorescent emitter placed outside the nanoshell can achieve large fluorescence intensity given that both the position and orientation of the emission dipole are optimally controlled, but the TPF enhancement decays rapidly with the increase of distance between the emitter and the shell surface. In contrast, for the case of the emitter placed inside the nanoshell, it can experience substantial two-photon fluorescence enhancement without strict requirements upon the position and dipole orientations, the radiative light can be coupled efficiently with the far field. Besides, the metal shell protects the encapsulated fluorophores from the external environment. The stability of fluorophores can be improved by the strong coupling between the fluorophores and the nanoshell resulting in a shorter fluorescence lifetime. These considerations imply that fluorophores encapsulated in metallic nanoshells is a more desirable nanocomposite configuration for the TPF probe in bioimaging applications.

This work provides a comprehensive understanding about the plasmonic-enhanced two-photon fluorescence behaviors, and the nanocomposite configuration has great potential for optical detecting, imaging and sensing in biological applications.

###

The paper's co-authors are Peking University graduate students Zhang Tianyue, Shen Hongming and collaborative scientists Perriat, P.; Martini, M.; Tillement, O. from CNRS, France. This research project was supported by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the National Key Basic Research Program of China.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
LU Guowei

Copyright © Science China Press

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

See the article: ZHANG TianYue, LU GuoWei, SHEN HongMing, Perriat P, Martini M, Tillement O, GONG QiHuang. Plasmonic-enhanced two-photon fluorescence with single gold nanoshell. SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, 2014, 57 (6): 1038-1045:

Related News Press

News and information

New nano approach could cut dose of leading HIV treatment in half February 24th, 2017

Atom-scale oxidation mechanism of nanoparticles helps develop anti-corrosion materials February 24th, 2017

Atomic force imaging used to study nematodes: KFU bionanotechnology lab (head - Dr. Rawil Fakhrullin) has obtained 3-D images of nematodes' cuticles February 23rd, 2017

Particle Works creates range of high performance quantum dots February 23rd, 2017

Imaging

Atomic force imaging used to study nematodes: KFU bionanotechnology lab (head - Dr. Rawil Fakhrullin) has obtained 3-D images of nematodes' cuticles February 23rd, 2017

JPK selects compact tensile stage from Deben for their NanoWizardŽ AFM platform to broaden capabilities for materials characterisation February 22nd, 2017

Sensors

Strem Chemicals and Dotz Nano Ltd. Sign Distribution Agreement for Graphene Quantum Dots Collaboration February 21st, 2017

Liquid metal nano printing set to revolutionize electronics: Creating integrated circuits just atoms thick February 18th, 2017

Research opens door to smaller, cheaper, more agile communications tech February 16th, 2017

Metamaterial: Mail armor inspires physicists: KIT researchers reverse hall coefficient -- medieval mail armor inspired development of metamaterial with novel properties February 15th, 2017

Discoveries

New nano approach could cut dose of leading HIV treatment in half February 24th, 2017

Atom-scale oxidation mechanism of nanoparticles helps develop anti-corrosion materials February 24th, 2017

Atomic force imaging used to study nematodes: KFU bionanotechnology lab (head - Dr. Rawil Fakhrullin) has obtained 3-D images of nematodes' cuticles February 23rd, 2017

Molecular phenomenon discovered by advanced NMR facility: Cutting edge technology has shown a molecule self-assembling into different forms when passing between solution state to solid state, and back again - a curious phenomenon in science - says research by the University of Wa February 22nd, 2017

Announcements

New nano approach could cut dose of leading HIV treatment in half February 24th, 2017

Atom-scale oxidation mechanism of nanoparticles helps develop anti-corrosion materials February 24th, 2017

Atomic force imaging used to study nematodes: KFU bionanotechnology lab (head - Dr. Rawil Fakhrullin) has obtained 3-D images of nematodes' cuticles February 23rd, 2017

Particle Works creates range of high performance quantum dots February 23rd, 2017

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers

New nano approach could cut dose of leading HIV treatment in half February 24th, 2017

Atom-scale oxidation mechanism of nanoparticles helps develop anti-corrosion materials February 24th, 2017

Molecular phenomenon discovered by advanced NMR facility: Cutting edge technology has shown a molecule self-assembling into different forms when passing between solution state to solid state, and back again - a curious phenomenon in science - says research by the University of Wa February 22nd, 2017

Tiny nanoclusters could solve big problems for lithium-ion batteries February 21st, 2017

Nanobiotechnology

New nano approach could cut dose of leading HIV treatment in half February 24th, 2017

Atomic force imaging used to study nematodes: KFU bionanotechnology lab (head - Dr. Rawil Fakhrullin) has obtained 3-D images of nematodes' cuticles February 23rd, 2017

Good vibrations help reveal molecular details: Rice University scientists combine disciplines to pinpoint small structures in unlabeled molecules February 15th, 2017

In-cell molecular sieve from protein crystal February 14th, 2017

Photonics/Optics/Lasers

'Lossless' metamaterial could boost efficiency of lasers and other light-based devices February 20th, 2017

Liquid metal nano printing set to revolutionize electronics: Creating integrated circuits just atoms thick February 18th, 2017

Research opens door to smaller, cheaper, more agile communications tech February 16th, 2017

1,000 times more efficient nano-LED opens door to faster microchips February 5th, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project