Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Vibrating micro plates bring order to overcrowded radio spectrum: New type of filter is prepared for future growth of frequency standards

he two square rectangles in the center of this SEM picture are the two resonators
he two square rectangles in the center of this SEM picture are the two resonators

Abstract:
GSM, WiFi, Bluetooth, 4G, GPS: a smartphone already has to handle many wireless standards. And this number will only increase further. There are still no good filters to keep all those future standards separate. Researchers at the MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology have taken an important step with a new type of filter, based on micromechanics. They have published their finding in Applied Physics Letters.

Vibrating micro plates bring order to overcrowded radio spectrum: New type of filter is prepared for future growth of frequency standards

Enschede, Netherlands | Posted on October 31st, 2013

Filters that can be accurately tuned to the frequency band you want to receive as a user are becoming increasingly important. Otherwise, if a nearby signal is much stronger, it drowns out the signal you want to receive. The number of available frequencies is limited, so it is becoming ever busier. Intelligent use of the airwaves, by utilising every available piece, is becoming more important. The filters now presented by the researchers are based on micromechanical resonators and can be accurately tuned to the desired frequency.

One of the reasons for choosing a mechanical solution is that the conventional filter consists of an inductor and a capacitor, an ‘LC circuit'. Especially a good quality inductor is hard to achieve on a chip. The result would be: separate LC circuits for each frequency band, mounted outside the chip, which would take up too much space. New solutions are already being sought all over the world. The current standard is the electromechanical filter called Surface Acoustic Wave filter, but this, too, requires too much space if you need several of them.

Vibration

The solution presented by the researchers consists of two mechanical resonators. They vibrate at an adjustable frequency thanks to the piezoelectric material PZT. This material is applied to metal. Normally, the piezoelectric material vibrates perpendicular to the metal and the thickness of the layer determines the frequency. However,the frequency can be varied by making it vibrate in the same direction as the metal. Two resonators are used, which are not connected mechanically or electrically. By means of the intelligent handling of the input and output signals of the two resonators, adverse ‘parasitic' effects are negated. This is done by subtracting the output signals, while the input signals are ‘in phase'. The result is a selective filter - fourth order - that passes a limited part of the band and weakens the frequencies above and below. It can be accurately tuned with the vibrating frequencies of the two resonators. The filter presented by the researchers in Applied Physics Letters, operates at about 400 Megahertz. That is still too low for mobile applications, but new versions already reach higher frequencies, and Gigahertz frequencies needed for smartphones are feasible, according to the researchers.

The researchers also expect that these resonators can be integrated on the chip or directly ‘bonded' to the chip: they are much smaller than inductors. It therefore becomes possible to apply fifty resonator pairs, which facilitates flexible use of frequencies. This is needed, for example, in ‘cognitive radio', that uses each piece of free space as it becomes available and then jumps to another frequency when needed.

The research was conducted by the Transducers Science and Technology Group of the University of Twente MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology in collaboration with the CTIT Institute Integrated Circuit Design group. There was also cooperation with the spinoff company SolMateS, which is specialised in making piezoelectric layers on chips. The project is financed by Dutch Technology Foundation STW.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Wiebe van der Veen
+31612185692

Copyright © AlphaGalileo

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

A step closer to understanding quantum mechanics: Swansea University’s physicists develop a new quantum simulation protocol October 22nd, 2017

Creation of coherent states in molecules by incoherent electrons October 21st, 2017

Strange but true: turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer October 20th, 2017

Leti Coordinating Project to Develop Innovative Drivetrains for 3rd-generation Electric Vehicles: CEA Tech’s Contribution Includes Liten’s Knowhow in Magnetic Materials and Simulation And Leti’s Expertise in Wide-bandgap Semiconductors October 20th, 2017

Wireless/telecommunications/RF/Antennas/Microwaves

Rice U. study: Vibrating nanoparticles interact: Placing nanodisks in groups can change their vibrational frequencies October 16th, 2017

Columbia engineers invent breakthrough millimeter-wave circulator IC October 6th, 2017

Quantum communications bend to our needs: By changing the wavelengths of entangled photons to those used in telecommunications, researchers see quantum technology take a major leap forward September 28th, 2017

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Introduces New 12nm FinFET Technology for High-Performance Applications September 20th, 2017

Discoveries

A step closer to understanding quantum mechanics: Swansea University’s physicists develop a new quantum simulation protocol October 22nd, 2017

Creation of coherent states in molecules by incoherent electrons October 21st, 2017

Novel 'converter' heralds breakthrough in ultra-fast data processing at nanoscale: Invention bagged four patents and could potentially make microprocessor chips work 1,000 times faster October 20th, 2017

Strange but true: turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer October 20th, 2017

Announcements

A step closer to understanding quantum mechanics: Swansea University’s physicists develop a new quantum simulation protocol October 22nd, 2017

Creation of coherent states in molecules by incoherent electrons October 21st, 2017

Strange but true: turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer October 20th, 2017

Leti Coordinating Project to Develop Innovative Drivetrains for 3rd-generation Electric Vehicles: CEA Tech’s Contribution Includes Liten’s Knowhow in Magnetic Materials and Simulation And Leti’s Expertise in Wide-bandgap Semiconductors October 20th, 2017

Interviews/Book Reviews/Essays/Reports/Podcasts/Journals/White papers

A step closer to understanding quantum mechanics: Swansea University’s physicists develop a new quantum simulation protocol October 22nd, 2017

Creation of coherent states in molecules by incoherent electrons October 21st, 2017

Novel 'converter' heralds breakthrough in ultra-fast data processing at nanoscale: Invention bagged four patents and could potentially make microprocessor chips work 1,000 times faster October 20th, 2017

Strange but true: turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer October 20th, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project