Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Wavelength-Dependent Shapeshifting: Plasmon-Mediated Growth Control

Abstract:
Methods which allow predictable and reproducible control over the shape and defect structures of nanoparticles are a sought-after ideal in research on nanoparticle synthesis. Realising this ideal for silver nanoparticles is one step closer with the discovery that the localised surface plasmon resonance feature observed for nanoscale metals - the collective oscillation of their electrons caused by incident light - can be used to predictably direct the growth of silver nanocrystals.

Wavelength-Dependent Shapeshifting: Plasmon-Mediated Growth Control

Germany | Posted on January 10th, 2013

Such plasmon-mediated growth allows control over the size and shape of the crystals by controlling the wavelength of light incident on the sample. The underlying mechanism is based on silver redox chemistry: excitation of the plasmon in an aqueous citrate solution catalyses the reduction of silver ions, the speed of which influences the dominant facets (and hence the shape) of the growing crystals. In this way, longer excitation wavelengths can be applied to produce longer edge lengths. The corresponding oxidation of seed particles causes their dissolution, increasing the bulk concentration of silver ions.

Mirkin and co-workers have refined this technique to generate twinned silver nanocrystals by controlling the defects within the crystal structure. They discovered that irradiation at higher energies increases the number of twin boundaries during growth. By adjusting the wavelength from 400 to 500 nm, bipyramids or cubes with different types of twin boundaries could be selectively produced.

More specifically, longer excitation wavelengths (500 nm) reduce silver ions more slowly, producing monodisperse planar-twinned nanostructures (right bipyramids); shorter excitation wavelengths (400 nm) increase the silver ion reduction rate, increasing the growth speed and hence producing crystals with a higher number of defects, leading to twinned structures. Using the intermediate wavelength of 450 nm, silver nanocubes with multiple twin boundaries could be selectively generated.

This plasmon-mediated shape control could also be extended to longer wavelengths, which were tuned to produce silver nanorods with controllable aspect ratios.

The challenge is now to develop this method for other nanoscale species with plasmon resonances.

####

For more information, please click here

Copyright © Wiley-VCH Materials Science Journals

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

Link to the original paper on Wiley Online Library:

Related News Press

News and information

Regulation of two-dimensional nanomaterials: New driving force for lithium-ion batteries July 26th, 2017

Liquid electrolyte contacts for advanced characterization of resistive switching memories July 26th, 2017

Phenom-World Launches Phenom Pro and ProX Generation 5 SEMs at Microscopy & Microanalysis Conference USA: The excellent performance in a wide range of applications offers a serious alternative to floor model SEMs July 26th, 2017

Graduate Students from Across the Country Attend Hands-on NanoCamp: Prominent scientists Warren Oliver, Ph.D., and George Pharr, Ph.D., presented a weeklong NanoCamp for hand-picked graduate students across the United States July 26th, 2017

Chemistry

Scientists announce the quest for high-index materials: All-dielectric nanophotonics: The quest for better materials and fabrication techniques July 22nd, 2017

Tokyo Institute of Technology research: Antiaromatic molecule displays record electrical conductance July 19th, 2017

Harnessing light to drive chemical reactions July 19th, 2017

Studying Argon Gas Trapped in Two-Dimensional Array of Tiny "Cages": Understanding how individual atoms enter and exit the nanoporous frameworks could help scientists design new materials for gas separation and nuclear waste remediation July 17th, 2017

Discoveries

Regulation of two-dimensional nanomaterials: New driving force for lithium-ion batteries July 26th, 2017

Liquid electrolyte contacts for advanced characterization of resistive switching memories July 26th, 2017

Shining rings: A new material emits white light when exposed to electricity: New synthetic approach could spark development of other dynamic materials July 24th, 2017

Scientists announce the quest for high-index materials: All-dielectric nanophotonics: The quest for better materials and fabrication techniques July 22nd, 2017

Materials/Metamaterials

Regulation of two-dimensional nanomaterials: New driving force for lithium-ion batteries July 26th, 2017

Shining rings: A new material emits white light when exposed to electricity: New synthetic approach could spark development of other dynamic materials July 24th, 2017

Carbon displays quantum effects July 13th, 2017

Meniscus-assisted technique produces high efficiency perovskite PV films July 7th, 2017

Announcements

Regulation of two-dimensional nanomaterials: New driving force for lithium-ion batteries July 26th, 2017

Liquid electrolyte contacts for advanced characterization of resistive switching memories July 26th, 2017

Phenom-World Launches Phenom Pro and ProX Generation 5 SEMs at Microscopy & Microanalysis Conference USA: The excellent performance in a wide range of applications offers a serious alternative to floor model SEMs July 26th, 2017

Graduate Students from Across the Country Attend Hands-on NanoCamp: Prominent scientists Warren Oliver, Ph.D., and George Pharr, Ph.D., presented a weeklong NanoCamp for hand-picked graduate students across the United States July 26th, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project