Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Micromotion Gets a Two-Faced Lift: Using Janus Particles for Chemical Power

Abstract:
Janus particles, named after the Roman god with two opposing faces, are asymmetrical objects with distinct surface regions of different chemical or physical properties. The particular Janus particles created by this group from America are aluminium microspheres of between 5 and 30 μm in diameter that have been partially coated with palladium.

Micromotion Gets a Two-Faced Lift: Using Janus Particles for Chemical Power

Germany | Posted on November 15th, 2012

In pH 4-11, the particle's partial palladium coating catalyses the decomposition of any hydrogen peroxide in the surrounding solution, producing water and oxygen bubbles. The evolution of oxygen generates thrust, propelling the particles forward in the direction of their uncoated aluminium segment. One limiting factor to the application of micromotors like these, however, is that the hydrogen peroxide commonly used to fuel their motion is required in high concentrations. Handy, then, that these Janus particles can run on more than one fuel type.

Under either acidic or basic conditions, the uncoated aluminium part reacts with either hydrogen or hydroxide ions, in both cases producing hydrogen bubbles, which propels the particle in the opposite direction, toward its palladium shell. A speed of 25 μm per second was achieved by these particles under basic conditions, but a higher speed yet was reached in an acid medium of the same concentration, slightly outdoing the palladium/hydrogen peroxide propulsion speed at 36 μm per second.

The call for self-propelled nano/microscale particles is very broad, echoing across such hot fields as targeted drug delivery and environmental remediation. While the ability to autonomously switch fuels in response to changes in their environment represents both an advantage and an engineering challenge—in keeping with the two-faced nature of the particles themselves—the beautiful simplicity and extraordinary versatility of these Al/Pd particles are a major advantage. Their ability to adapt chemically for self-propulsion in different media will allow their use in completely different or changing environments without modification, giving them a very competitive edge across a variety of applications.

####

For more information, please click here

Copyright © Wiley-VCH Materials Science Journals

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

Link to the original paper on Wiley Online Library:

Related News Press

News and information

University of Akron researchers find thin layers of water can become ice-like at room temperature: Results could lead to an assortment of anti-friction solutions August 30th, 2016

Nanocatalysis for organic chemistry: This research article by Dr. Qien Xu et al. is published in Current Organic Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 19, 2016 August 30th, 2016

Continuous roll-process technology for transferring and packaging flexible LSI August 29th, 2016

Meteorite impact on a nano scale August 29th, 2016

Chemistry

Nanocatalysis for organic chemistry: This research article by Dr. Qien Xu et al. is published in Current Organic Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 19, 2016 August 30th, 2016

Molecular Machines

Legions of nanorobots target cancerous tumors with precision: Administering anti-cancer drugs redefined August 16th, 2016

New remote-controlled microrobots for medical operations July 23rd, 2016

Pushing a single-molecule switch: An international team of researchers from Donostia International Physics Center, Fritz-Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, University of Liverpool, and the Polish Academy of Sciences has shown a new way to operate a single-molecule switch July 19th, 2016

Researchers harness DNA as the engine of super-efficient nanomachine: New platform detects traces of everything from bacteria to viruses, cocaine and metals July 10th, 2016

Molecular Nanotechnology

50 years after the release of the film 'Fantastic Voyage,' science upstages fiction: Science upstages fiction with nanorobotic agents designed to travel in the human body to treat cancer August 25th, 2016

DNA dominos on a chip: Carriers of genetic information packed together on a biochip like in nature August 11th, 2016

Smarter self-assembly opens new pathways for nanotechnology: Brookhaven Lab scientists discover a way to create billionth-of-a-meter structures that snap together in complex patterns with unprecedented efficiency August 9th, 2016

New remote-controlled microrobots for medical operations July 23rd, 2016

Nanomedicine

Designing ultrasound tools with Lego-like proteins August 29th, 2016

Nanofiber scaffolds demonstrate new features in the behavior of stem and cancer cells August 25th, 2016

Johns Hopkins scientists track metabolic pathways to find drug combination for pancreatic cancer August 25th, 2016

50 years after the release of the film 'Fantastic Voyage,' science upstages fiction: Science upstages fiction with nanorobotic agents designed to travel in the human body to treat cancer August 25th, 2016

Discoveries

University of Akron researchers find thin layers of water can become ice-like at room temperature: Results could lead to an assortment of anti-friction solutions August 30th, 2016

Nanocatalysis for organic chemistry: This research article by Dr. Qien Xu et al. is published in Current Organic Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 19, 2016 August 30th, 2016

Continuous roll-process technology for transferring and packaging flexible LSI August 29th, 2016

Meteorite impact on a nano scale August 29th, 2016

Announcements

University of Akron researchers find thin layers of water can become ice-like at room temperature: Results could lead to an assortment of anti-friction solutions August 30th, 2016

Nanocatalysis for organic chemistry: This research article by Dr. Qien Xu et al. is published in Current Organic Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 19, 2016 August 30th, 2016

Continuous roll-process technology for transferring and packaging flexible LSI August 29th, 2016

Meteorite impact on a nano scale August 29th, 2016

Environment

Nanofur for oil spill cleanup: Materials researchers learn from aquatic ferns: Hairy plant leaves are highly oil-absorbing / publication in bioinspiration & biomimetics / video on absorption capacity August 25th, 2016

Researchers watch catalysts at work August 19th, 2016

Down to the wire: ONR researchers and new bacteria August 18th, 2016

SLAC, Stanford gadget grabs more solar energy to disinfect water faster: Plopped into water, a tiny device triggers the formation of chemicals that kill microbes in minutes August 15th, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







Car Brands
Buy website traffic