Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > An Experiment to Revolutionise the Electricity Distribution Network Inaugurates the ALBA Synchrotron

Boreas beam line at ALBA sinchrotron facility
Boreas beam line at ALBA sinchrotron facility

Abstract:
The ALBA Synchrotron Light Facility has begun to function as a research tool. Of the seven experimental beamlines scientists can use to analyse their samples, the first which has begun to work is the BOREAS line, addressed to studying materials through X-ray spectroscopy. The experiments are being conducted between 6 and 10 June with the aim of studying the magnetic behaviour of specific nanoparticles which improve the properties of superconductor tapes, so that they can transmit larger amounts of electricity more efficiently.

An Experiment to Revolutionise the Electricity Distribution Network Inaugurates the ALBA Synchrotron

Barcelona, Spain | Posted on June 16th, 2012

Researchers of the UAB Department of Chemistry, Eduardo Solano and Josep Ros, together with researchers Jaume Gàzquez, Susagna Ricart and Teresa Puig of the Superconductors Group, Institute of Materials Science of Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), are studying the nanostructure of superconductor layers of superconductor ceramic material (YBa2Cu3O7), incorporated with metal oxide nanoparticles. This material can be cooled down rather easily by using liquid nitrogen so as to maintain its superconductor properties and allows for the transfer of electricity from one point to another with a loss of almost no energy and an efficiency much greater than conventional electric cables; something which could revolutionise the way electric energy is transported.

Earlier experiments revealed that the presence of nanoparticles generated in situ in the layers substantially improved the superconductor capacity of the material since they made the magnetic vortices - spinning magnetic fields inside the superconductor - stick. This adherence produces a more efficient transport of electricity. In the study currently being conducted, UAB and CSIC researchers are using low-cost chemical methods to prepare superconductor layers containing metal oxide nanoparticles which are mainly magnetic and have been previously prepared. In order to comprehend the influence these nanomaterials have on the behaviour of the superconductor material, researchers must discover the magnetic nature of the ions forming the nanoparticles both inside and outside the superconductor.

Researchers from UAB and from ICMAB-CSIC, together with ALBA scientist Manuel Valvidares, will study several samples with synchrotron light to discover exactly the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles of different types of ferrite and how these affect the attachment of vortices. After obtaining data, scientists will be able to optimise applications of ferrite nanoparticles to improve the properties of superconductor tapes.

The project is one of the fifty chosen out of 203 proposals presented for the seven beamlines. Of the proposals, 167 came from Spain, 30 from other European countries and the six remaining projects were sent from Asia and the United States.

ALBA, with a 50% participation between the Spanish and Catalan governments, is a particles accelerator measuring 270 metres in perimeter. Through its beamlines, electrons travel at near-light speed, at the precise energy of 3GeV, which produces an electromagnetic radiation used to view samples at atomic and molecular level and to analyse the structure of matter. There are a total of seven beamlines, each specialising in a different experimental technique.

In 2012, in the first call opened to users, nearly 300 research groups and over 600 individuals registered; figures ALBA Synchrotron members consider to be highly successful. The beamlines most on demand, in number of proposals, were those specialising in "protein crystallography" and in "materials science" (specialising in the diffraction of dust technique). With less proposals but a higher number of requested access hours were the soft X-ray beamlines, dedicated to the study of the surface of different materials and their interactions, and the study of materials with magnetic and ferroelectric properties (the BOREAS beamline which is now being put into function). The amount of proposals received places the ALBA Synchrotron at the same level as other similar science facilities.

####

About Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
The Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona was founded in 1968. It is therefore a young university, but in its short history it has moved forward at a rapid pace. The UAB is recognised around the world for its quality and innovation in research, it promotes new business projects, directs and projects its productive activity towards its socio-economic surroundings, and disseminates its newly acquired knowledge. The University is therefore a breeding ground for quality researchers and a centre for the dissemination of knowledge and technologies.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
+34 93 581 10 00

Copyright © Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

DNA triggers shape-shifting in hydrogels, opening a new way to make 'soft robots' September 21st, 2017

Physicists develop new recipes for design of fast single-photon gun Physicists develop high-speed single-photon sources for quantum computers of the future September 21st, 2017

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Announces Availability of mmWave and RF/Analog on Leading FDX™ FD-SOI Technology Platform: Technology solution delivers ‘connected intelligence’ to next generation high-volume wireless and IoT applications with lower power and significantly reduced cost September 20th, 2017

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Announces Availability of Embedded MRAM on Leading 22FDX® FD-SOI Platform: Advanced embedded non-volatile memory solution delivers ‘connected intelligence’ by expanding SoC capabilities on the 22nm process node September 20th, 2017

Imaging

Graphene based terahertz absorbers: Printable graphene inks enable ultrafast lasers in the terahertz range September 13th, 2017

Chemical hot spots: Scanning tunneling microscopy measurements identify active sites on catalyst surfaces September 7th, 2017

Phenom-World selects Deben to supply a tensile stage as an accessory to their range of desktop SEMs August 29th, 2017

What the world's tiniest 'monster truck' reveals August 24th, 2017

Superconductivity

Nagoya physicists resolve long-standing mystery of structure-less transition: Nagoya University-led team of physicists use a synchrotron radiation X-ray source to probe a so-called 'structure-less' transition and develop a new understanding of molecular conductors August 21st, 2017

Strange electrons break the crystal symmetry of high-temperature superconductors: Brookhaven Lab scientists discover spontaneous voltage perpendicular to applied current that may help unravel the mystery of high-temperature superconductors July 27th, 2017

Iron secrets behind superconductors unlocked July 7th, 2017

Brookhaven Scientists Study Role of 'Electrolyte Gating' in Functional Oxide Materials July 3rd, 2017

Discoveries

DNA triggers shape-shifting in hydrogels, opening a new way to make 'soft robots' September 21st, 2017

Physicists develop new recipes for design of fast single-photon gun Physicists develop high-speed single-photon sources for quantum computers of the future September 21st, 2017

Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion: Berkeley Lab scientists discover critical role of nanoparticle transformation September 20th, 2017

Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene: Berkeley Lab advance is first demonstration of efficient, light-powered production of fuel via artificial photosynthesis September 19th, 2017

Announcements

DNA triggers shape-shifting in hydrogels, opening a new way to make 'soft robots' September 21st, 2017

Physicists develop new recipes for design of fast single-photon gun Physicists develop high-speed single-photon sources for quantum computers of the future September 21st, 2017

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Introduces New 12nm FinFET Technology for High-Performance Applications September 20th, 2017

Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion: Berkeley Lab scientists discover critical role of nanoparticle transformation September 20th, 2017

Tools

Graphene based terahertz absorbers: Printable graphene inks enable ultrafast lasers in the terahertz range September 13th, 2017

Chemical hot spots: Scanning tunneling microscopy measurements identify active sites on catalyst surfaces September 7th, 2017

Phenom-World selects Deben to supply a tensile stage as an accessory to their range of desktop SEMs August 29th, 2017

New results reveal high tunability of 2-D material: Berkeley Lab-led team also provides most precise band gap measurement yet for hotly studied monolayer moly sulfide August 26th, 2017

Energy

Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion: Berkeley Lab scientists discover critical role of nanoparticle transformation September 20th, 2017

Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene: Berkeley Lab advance is first demonstration of efficient, light-powered production of fuel via artificial photosynthesis September 19th, 2017

Insect eyes inspire new solar cell design from Stanford August 31st, 2017

The power of perovskite: OIST researchers improve perovskite-based technology in the entire energy cycle, from solar cells harnessing power to LED diodes to light the screens of future electronic devices and other lighting applications August 18th, 2017

Research partnerships

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Delivers Custom 14nm FinFET Technology for IBM Systems: Jointly developed 14HP process is world’s only technology that leverages both FinFET and SOI September 20th, 2017

Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene: Berkeley Lab advance is first demonstration of efficient, light-powered production of fuel via artificial photosynthesis September 19th, 2017

A new approach to ultrafast light pulses: Unusual fluorescent materials could be used for rapid light-based communications systems September 19th, 2017

New insights into nanocrystal growth in liquid: Understanding process that creates complex crystals important for energy applications September 14th, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project