Nanotechnology Now







Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


DHgate

Home > Press > Software & Solar Power. Prize Money Boosts Research

Abstract:
Robust software systems for complex systems and efficient organic solar cells as the basis for CO2-neutral chemical energy storage - these two research areas were honoured today in Austria with the Wittgenstein Award. The Wittgenstein Award is Austria´s highest endowed and most prestigious science award, and has been presented annually since 1996. With their awards, computer scientist Thomas A. Henzinger and chemist Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci both now have the possibility of investing up to EUR 1.5 million in their research over five years, guaranteeing the two award winners top status internationally, as well as ensuring further progress in their fields of research.

Software & Solar Power. Prize Money Boosts Research

Vienna, Austria | Posted on June 12th, 2012

Computers operate on the basis of mathematical laws, and as such their behaviour is predictable. Or one would think. In fact, malfunctions regularly occur, which can have serious consequences for important systems. When testing systems, the current state of the art continues to be the test run. Thomas A. Henzinger, president of the Institute of Science and Technology (IST) Austria, has been working for over ten years to change that. Now, Henzinger has been honoured for his vital work with Austria´s most highly endowed science prize: the Wittgenstein Award, which is worth up to EUR 1.5 million and is awarded by the Austrian Science Fund FWF.

For Henzinger, performing software test runs is the same as if a bridge engineer tested the sturdiness of his structure by walking on it - and not by static calculations prior to construction. The problem with such test runs is that they only represent one situation, and cannot represent all possible situations. While numerous test runs under different conditions improve the level of information, for modern software with numerous parallel processes the number of possibilities grows dramatically, and test runs cease to be a practically viable solution. This is not only unsatisfactory: for software of vital importance, it can have dramatic consequences. Thus, Henzinger and his team are working to develop basic mathematical models for process control software. To this effect, they employ methods of formal logic and mathematical theories for the modelling and analysis of discrete dynamic systems. Henzinger also works with an interdisciplinary approach to further develop methods for modelling software so that the methods can be used to analyse processes in living cells and organs. The ultimate goal of this line of research is to map a complete organism in software.

SOLAR CELLS IN THE SPOTLIGHT
The second Wittgenstein Award this year was granted to Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci, professor of physical chemistry at Johannes Kepler University in Linz. Twenty years after his groundbreaking publication in SCIENCE, Sariciftci remains one of the world´s most renowned experts in the development of organic solar cells. At the time, Sariciftci demonstrated photo-induced ultra-fast electron transfer of organic semiconductor polymers onto so-called fullerenes, i.e. spherical molecules of carbon atoms. Along with this discovery, Sariciftci also developed two possible designs for solar cells. On the one hand, a variant which consists of two thin, superposed layers of organic charge donors and acceptors and, on the other, a variant in which the donors and acceptors are mixed, which maximises their interfaces with each other ("bulk heterojunction"). Both types of solar cells work on the same principle as silicon-based cells - light energy leads to a charge separation, which can be used as an electrical current - but they are much less expensive to produce and - in the truest sense of the word - are flexible in use. In addition, chemically they can be easily adapted to new requirements.

Currently, Sariciftci and his team are working not only to further increase the efficiency of organic solar cells, but also to improve their environmental friendliness. For the scientist, environmentally-friendly and biodegradable source materials are essential components of sustainable energy production. This is the objective of an additional focus of his efforts: the storage of solar-generated energy. For just as with wind energy, the availability of solar energy also fluctuates. However, the efficient storage - and renewed availability - of energy is not only a formidable scientific challenge per se, but must also take into account user behaviour and infrastructure. Consequently, Sariciftci and his team are working on the conversion of solar energy into chemical fuel. This is to be based on hydrocarbons and thus usable in the same manner as petroleum products. In addition, the carbon dioxide required for the chemical fuel is to be extracted from the air and waste gases, making the resulting fuel CO2-neutral. The Wittgenstein Award granted to Sariciftci guarantees the continuation of this groundbreaking sustainability research with additional financial resources.

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Austrian Science Fund FWF:
Mag. Stefan Bernhardt
Haus der Forschung
Sensengasse 1
1090 Vienna, Austria
T +43 / (0)1 / 505 67 40 - 8111

W http://www.fwf.ac.at

Copy Editing & Distribution:
PR&D - Public Relations for Research & Education
Mariannengasse 8
1090 Vienna, Austria
T +43 / (0)1 / 505 70 44

W http://www.prd.at

Copyright © Austrian Science Fund FWF

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Scientific breakthrough in rechargeable batteries: Researchers from Singapore and Québec Team Up to Develop Next-Generation Materials to Power Electronic Devices and Electric Vehicles February 28th, 2015

First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life: Berkeley Lab research provides comprehensive description of ultra-small bacteria February 28th, 2015

Leti to Offer Updates on Silicon Photonics Successes at OFC in LA February 27th, 2015

Moving molecule writes letters: Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics February 27th, 2015

Nanotubes/Buckyballs

Chromium-Centered Cycloparaphenylene Rings as New Tools for Making Functionalized Nanocarbons February 24th, 2015

Building tailor-made DNA nanotubes step by step: New, block-by-block assembly method could pave way for applications in opto-electronics, drug delivery February 23rd, 2015

Half spheres for molecular circuits: Corannulene shows promising electronic properties February 17th, 2015

SouthWest Nanotechnologies CEO Dave Arthur Appointed to the Board of Affiliates of Rice University Professional Science Master’s Program February 13th, 2015

Discoveries

First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life: Berkeley Lab research provides comprehensive description of ultra-small bacteria February 28th, 2015

Leti to Offer Updates on Silicon Photonics Successes at OFC in LA February 27th, 2015

Moving molecule writes letters: Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics February 27th, 2015

Untangling DNA with a droplet of water, a pipet and a polymer: With the 'rolling droplet technique,' a DNA-injected water droplet rolls like a ball over a platelet, sticking the DNA to the plate surface February 27th, 2015

Announcements

Scientific breakthrough in rechargeable batteries: Researchers from Singapore and Québec Team Up to Develop Next-Generation Materials to Power Electronic Devices and Electric Vehicles February 28th, 2015

First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life: Berkeley Lab research provides comprehensive description of ultra-small bacteria February 28th, 2015

Leti to Offer Updates on Silicon Photonics Successes at OFC in LA February 27th, 2015

Moving molecule writes letters: Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics February 27th, 2015

Grants/Awards/Scholarships/Gifts/Contests/Honors/Records

Rice's Stephan Link honored for nanoscience research: The Welch Foundation honors ‘rising star’ with $100,000 Hackerman Award February 26th, 2015

Cutting-edge technology optimizes cancer therapy with nanomedicine drug combinations: UCLA bioengineers develop platform that offers personalized approach to treatment February 24th, 2015

QD Vision Named Edison Award Finalist for Innovative Color IQ™ Quantum Dot Technology February 23rd, 2015

Rosetta Team Wins the National Space Society's Science and Engineering Space Pioneer Award February 23rd, 2015

Solar/Photovoltaic

New nanowire structure absorbs light efficiently: Dual-type nanowire arrays can be used in applications such as LEDs and solar cells February 25th, 2015

Learning by eye: Silicon micro-funnels increase the efficiency of solar cells February 25th, 2015

Magnetic nanoparticles enhance performance of solar cells X-ray study points the way to higher energy yields February 25th, 2015

Researchers enable solar cells to use more sunlight February 25th, 2015

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More










ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







© Copyright 1999-2015 7th Wave, Inc. All Rights Reserved PRIVACY POLICY :: CONTACT US :: STATS :: SITE MAP :: ADVERTISE