Nanotechnology Now







Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


DHgate

Home > Press > New device could bring optical information processing

This illustration shows a new "all-silicon passive optical diode," a device small enough to fit millions on a computer chip that could lead to faster, more powerful information processing and supercomputers. The device has been developed by Purdue University researchers. (Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University)
This illustration shows a new "all-silicon passive optical diode," a device small enough to fit millions on a computer chip that could lead to faster, more powerful information processing and supercomputers. The device has been developed by Purdue University researchers.

(Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University)

Abstract:
An All-Silicon Passive Optical Diode

Li Fan,1,2* Jian Wang,1,2* Leo T. Varghese,1,2* Hao Shen,1,2 Ben Niu,1,2 Yi Xuan,1,2 Andrew M. Weiner,1,2 Minghao Qi 1,2,3†

1 Birck Nanotechnology Center, 2School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering

2 Purdue School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

3 Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology,
Chinese Academy of Sciences

*These authors contributed equally to this work.

†To whom correspondence should be addressed. Email:

A passive optical diode effect would be useful for on-chip optical information processing, but has been difficult to achieve. Based on optical nonlinearity, we demonstrate a forward-backward transmission ratio up to 28 dB within telecommunication wavelengths using two 5-micrometer radius silicon rings. Our device is passive, yet maintains optical nonreciprocity for a broad range of input power levels and performs equally well even if the backward input power is higher than the forward input. The silicon optical diode is ultra compact and is compatible with current complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) processing.

New device could bring optical information processing

West Lafayette, IN | Posted on December 22nd, 2011

Researchers have created a new type of optical device small enough to fit millions on a computer chip that could lead to faster, more powerful information processing and supercomputers.

The "passive optical diode" is made from two tiny silicon rings measuring 10 microns in diameter, or about one-tenth the width of a human hair. Unlike other optical diodes, it does not require external assistance to transmit signals and can be readily integrated into computer chips.

The diode is capable of "nonreciprocal transmission," meaning it transmits signals in only one direction, making it capable of information processing, said Minghao Qi (pronounced Chee), an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at Purdue University.

"This one-way transmission is the most fundamental part of a logic circuit, so our diodes open the door to optical information processing," said Qi, working with a team also led by Andrew Weiner, Purdue's Scifres Family Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

The diodes are described in a paper to be published online Thursday (Dec. 22) in the journal Science. The paper was written by graduate students Li Fan, Jian Wang, Leo Varghese, Hao Shen and Ben Niu, research associate Yi Xuan, and Weiner and Qi.

Although fiberoptic cables are instrumental in transmitting large quantities of data across oceans and continents, information processing is slowed and the data are susceptible to cyberattack when optical signals must be translated into electronic signals for use in computers, and vice versa.

"This translation requires expensive equipment," Wang said. "What you'd rather be able to do is plug the fiber directly into computers with no translation needed, and then you get a lot of bandwidth and security."

Electronic diodes constitute critical junctions in transistors and help enable integrated circuits to switch on and off and to process information. The new optical diodes are compatible with industry manufacturing processes for complementary metal-oxide-semiconductors, or CMOS, used to produce computer chips, Fan said.

"These diodes are very compact, and they have other attributes that make them attractive as a potential component for future photonic information processing chips," she said.

The new optical diodes could make for faster and more secure information processing by eliminating the need for this translation. The devices, which are nearly ready for commercialization, also could lead to faster, more powerful supercomputers by using them to connect numerous processors together.

"The major factor limiting supercomputers today is the speed and bandwidth of communication between the individual superchips in the system," Varghese said. "Our optical diode may be a component in optical interconnect systems that could eliminate such a bottleneck."

Infrared light from a laser at telecommunication wavelength goes through an optical fiber and is guided by a microstructure called a waveguide. It then passes sequentially through two silicon rings and undergoes "nonlinear interaction" while inside the tiny rings. Depending on which ring the light enters first, it will either pass in the forward direction or be dissipated in the backward direction, making for one-way transmission. The rings can be tuned by heating them using a "microheater," which changes the wavelengths at which they transmit, making it possible to handle a broad frequency range.

The work was performed in laboratories operated by the Birck Nanotechnology Center in Purdue's Discovery Park and by the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. It was funded by the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health. Simulation work was carried out through the Network for Computational Nanotechnology (NCN), with resources available at www.nanohub.org.

Note to Journalists: A copy of the research paper is available by contacting the Science Press Package team at 202-326-6440, .

####

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Writer:
Emil Venere
765-494-4709


Sources:
Minghao Qi
765 494-3646


Andrew Weiner
765-494-5574

Copyright © Purdue University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

Ultrafast Optics and Optical Fiber Communications Laboratory

Related News Press

News and information

MIG Takes a Roll-Up-Your-Sleeves Approach with Revamped MEMS/Sensors Technical Event -- MIG welcomes technologists to MEMS Technical Congress, emphasizes working groups and breakout sessions on emerging MEMS & sensors, tech transfer and integration March 6th, 2015

Phenom-World announces the Phenom XL, world’s fastest desktop SEM to handle large samples March 6th, 2015

Air Bearing Stage / Systems Introduced by PI at Photonics West March 6th, 2015

Consistent Scalable Functionalised Graphene Capacity March 5th, 2015

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

New research could lead to more efficient electrical energy storage March 4th, 2015

Energy-generating cloth could replace batteries in wearable devices March 4th, 2015

The taming of magnetic vortices: Unified theory for skyrmion-materials March 3rd, 2015

Black phosphorus is new 'wonder material' for improving optical communication March 3rd, 2015

Chip Technology

French Institutes IRT Nanoelec and CMP Team up to Offer World’s First Service for Post-process 3D Technologies on Multi-Project-Wafer March 5th, 2015

Experiment and theory unite at last in debate over microbial nanowires: New model and experiments settle debate over metallic-like conductivity of microbial nanowires in bacterium March 4th, 2015

Magnetic vortices in nanodisks reveal information: Researchers from Dresden and Jülich use microwaves to read out information from smallest storage devices March 4th, 2015

The taming of magnetic vortices: Unified theory for skyrmion-materials March 3rd, 2015

Optical computing/ Photonic computing

Black phosphorus is new 'wonder material' for improving optical communication March 3rd, 2015

International research partnership tricks the light fantastic March 2nd, 2015

Novel solid-state nanomaterial platform enables terahertz photonics February 17th, 2015

Light in the Moebius strip: A Moebius strip created from laser light opens up new possibilities for material processing and for micro- and nanotechnology February 13th, 2015

Discoveries

Enhanced Graphene Components for Next Generation Racing Yacht March 5th, 2015

American Chemical Society Presidential Symposia: nanoscience, international chemistry March 5th, 2015

Strength in numbers: Researchers develop the first-ever quantum device that detects and corrects its own errors March 4th, 2015

New research could lead to more efficient electrical energy storage March 4th, 2015

Announcements

MIG Takes a Roll-Up-Your-Sleeves Approach with Revamped MEMS/Sensors Technical Event -- MIG welcomes technologists to MEMS Technical Congress, emphasizes working groups and breakout sessions on emerging MEMS & sensors, tech transfer and integration March 6th, 2015

Phenom-World announces the Phenom XL, world’s fastest desktop SEM to handle large samples March 6th, 2015

Air Bearing Stage / Systems Introduced by PI at Photonics West March 6th, 2015

Get ready for NanoDays! March 5th, 2015

Military

Black phosphorus is new 'wonder material' for improving optical communication March 3rd, 2015

Researchers turn unzipped nanotubes into possible alternative for platinum: Aerogel catalyst shows promise for fuel cells March 2nd, 2015

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms: Rice physicists build superconductor analog, observe antiferromagnetic order February 23rd, 2015

New nanogel for drug delivery: Self-healing gel can be injected into the body and act as a long-term drug depot February 19th, 2015

Photonics/Optics/Lasers

Black phosphorus is new 'wonder material' for improving optical communication March 3rd, 2015

Breakthrough in OLED technology March 2nd, 2015

International research partnership tricks the light fantastic March 2nd, 2015

Imec Demonstrates Compact Wavelength-Division Multiplexing CMOS Silicon Photonics Transceiver March 1st, 2015

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More










ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







© Copyright 1999-2015 7th Wave, Inc. All Rights Reserved PRIVACY POLICY :: CONTACT US :: STATS :: SITE MAP :: ADVERTISE