Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors





Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


android tablet pc

Home > Press > A Material for All Weathers (with Zero Thermal Expansion)

Abstract:
Specialized materials that do not change their volume with alteration of temperature may now be easier to produce, thanks to work by a multinational team of scientists into the mechanism of such behavior in antiperovskite manganese nitrides.

A Material for All Weathers (with Zero Thermal Expansion)

Germany | Posted on September 29th, 2011

Every child learns in school that materials expand or contract with changes in temperature. There are only a few special materials that barely or do not alter their volume in response to temperature, and this normally only occurs over a relatively narrow temperature window. This property is called zero thermal expansion. But such materials are in great demand for both precision engineering of sensitive bulk systems and as components for nanodevices. For example, the gyroscopes used in spacecraft must maintain the same functionality independent of the temperature at which they operate.

The most common way to control thermal expansion is by combining materials with different thermal expansion behavior, however, this method leads to local stresses and strains that often enhance material fatigue and thus shorten component lifetime. Zero thermal expansion in a single, uncombined material is only known in a few cases, one of which is a class of materials called antiperovskite manganese nitrides.

Now, Xiaoyan Song at Beijing University of Technology, China, and co-workers from as far afield as NIST in Gaithersburg, USA, University of Jena in Germany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the National Institute for Materials Science in Tsukuba, Japan, have worked together on these antiperovskite manganese nitrides to discover how the effect occurs and thus to extend it beyond the normal temperature ranges for these materials.

The scientists found that the thermal expansion behavior of the antiperovskite manganese nitrides can be controlled by altering the lattice site occupancy of the manganese within the solid-state structure, i.e., each compound has a fixed number of available sites that can be occupied by manganese and some of these sites may be left unoccupied while the whole structure is still retained. Such alteration affects the magnetic ordering in the material which in turn influences the behavior of the material with respect to temperature.

The scientists achieved a much larger than usual range of temperatures over which zero thermal expansion occurs in antiperovskite manganese nitrides; three to four times greater than previously reported.

Professor Song believes that their mechanism for altering the zero thermal expansion behavior is a universal one that could be applied to other types of material also. This result should enable materials scientists to provide engineers and nanoscientists with new and varied building blocks for the most critical of applications.

####

For more information, please click here

Copyright © Wiley-VCH Materials Science Journals

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

X. Song et al., Adv. Mater., 2011 ; DOI: 10.1002/adma.201102552

Related News Press

News and information

Materials for the next generation of electronics and photovoltaics: MacArthur Fellow develops new uses for carbon nanotubes October 21st, 2014

Special UO microscope captures defects in nanotubes: University of Oregon chemists provide a detailed view of traps that disrupt energy flow, possibly pointing toward improved charge-carrying devices October 21st, 2014

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries October 21st, 2014

Could I squeeze by you? Ames Laboratory scientists model molecular movement within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles October 21st, 2014

Materials/Metamaterials

Materials for the next generation of electronics and photovoltaics: MacArthur Fellow develops new uses for carbon nanotubes October 21st, 2014

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries October 21st, 2014

Could I squeeze by you? Ames Laboratory scientists model molecular movement within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles October 21st, 2014

Removal of Limitations of Composites at Superheat Temperatures October 20th, 2014

Announcements

Special UO microscope captures defects in nanotubes: University of Oregon chemists provide a detailed view of traps that disrupt energy flow, possibly pointing toward improved charge-carrying devices October 21st, 2014

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries October 21st, 2014

Could I squeeze by you? Ames Laboratory scientists model molecular movement within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles October 21st, 2014

Detecting Cancer Earlier is Goal of Rutgers-Developed Medical Imaging Technology: Rare earth nanocrystals and infrared light can reveal small cancerous tumors and cardiovascular lesions October 21st, 2014

Research partnerships

Detecting Cancer Earlier is Goal of Rutgers-Developed Medical Imaging Technology: Rare earth nanocrystals and infrared light can reveal small cancerous tumors and cardiovascular lesions October 21st, 2014

Nitrogen Doped Graphene Characterized by Iranian, Russian, German Scientists October 21st, 2014

Crystallizing the DNA nanotechnology dream: Scientists have designed the first large DNA crystals with precisely prescribed depths and complex 3D features, which could create revolutionary nanodevices October 20th, 2014

IRLYNX and CEA-Leti to Streamline New CMOS-based Infrared Sensing Modules Dedicated to Human-activities Characterization October 15th, 2014

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE





  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More














ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







© Copyright 1999-2014 7th Wave, Inc. All Rights Reserved PRIVACY POLICY :: CONTACT US :: STATS :: SITE MAP :: ADVERTISE