Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > 'Computer Synapse' Analyzed at Nanoscale

Abstract:
Researchers said they have analyzed in unprecedented detail the physical and chemical properties of an electronic device that computer engineers hope will transform computing.

'Computer Synapse' Analyzed at Nanoscale

Tehran, Iran | Posted on May 17th, 2011

Memristors, short for memory resistors, are a newly understood circuit element for the development of electronics and have inspired experts to seek ways of mimicking the behavior of our own brains' activity inside a computer.

The research conducted at Hewlett Packard and the University of California, Santa Barbara, and published in IOP Publishing's Nanotechnology, explains how the researchers have used highly focused x-rays to map out the nanoscale physical and chemical properties of these electronic devices.

It is thought memristors, with the ability to 'remember' the total electronic charge that passes through them, will be of greatest benefit when they can act like synapses within electronic circuits, mimicking the complex network of neurons present in the brain, enabling our own ability to perceive, think and remember.

Mimicking biological synapses -- the junctions between two neurons where information is transmitted in our brains -- could lead to a wide range of novel applications, including semi-autonomous robots, if complex networks of neurons can be reproduced in an artificial system.

In order for the huge potential of memristors to be utilized, researchers first need to understand the physical processes that occur within the memristors at a very small scale.

Memristors have a very simple structure -- often just a thin film made of titanium dioxide between two metal electrodes -- and have been extensively studied in terms of their electrical properties.

For the first time, researchers have been able to non-destructively study the physical properties of memristors allowing for a more detailed insight into the chemistry and structure changes that occur when the device is operating.

The researchers were able to study the exact channel where the resistance switching of memristors occurs by using a combination of techniques.

They used highly focused x-rays to locate and image the approximately one hundred nanometer wide channel where the switching of resistance takes place, which could then be fed into a mathematical model of how the memristor heats up.

John Paul Strachan of the nanoElectronics Research Group, Hewlett-Packard Labs, California, said: "One of the biggest hurdles in using these devices is understanding how they work: the microscopic picture for how they undergo such tremendous and reversible change in resistance.

"We now have a direct picture for the thermal profile that is highly localized around this channel during electrical operation, and is likely to play a large role in accelerating the physics driving the memristive behavior."

This research appears as part of a special issue on non-volatile memory based on nanostructures.

####

For more information, please click here

Copyright © Fars News Agency

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Nuclear radiation detecting device could lead to new homeland security tool: New device can detect gamma rays and identify radioactive isotopes April 25th, 2018

Biophysics -- lighting up DNA-based nanostructures April 25th, 2018

Getting electrons to move in a semiconductor: Gallium oxide shows high electron mobility, making it promising for better and cheaper devices April 24th, 2018

JPK reports on research of the Mestroni Lab at the University of Colorado Denver which use the JPK NanoWizard® AFM to help in the characterization of cardiomyopathies April 24th, 2018

Thin films

Organic solar cells reach record efficiency, benchmark for commercialization April 23rd, 2018

High efficiency solar power conversion allowed by a novel composite material: A composite thin film developed at INRS improves significantly solar cells' power conversion efficiency April 10th, 2018

Researchers develop nanoparticle films for high-density data storage: April 3rd, 2018

Monocrystalline silicon thin film for cost-cutting solar cells with 10-times faster growth rate fabricated: Controlling nano surface roughness of porous silicon March 20th, 2018

Plasmons triggered in nanotube quantum wells: Rice, Tokyo Metropolitan scientists create platform for unique near-infrared devices March 16th, 2018

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Are We Quantum Computers? Led by UCSB’s Matthew Fisher, an international collaboration of researchers will investigate the brain’s potential for quantum computation March 27th, 2018

Leti’s Chief Scientist Presents Optimistic Vision for Neuromorphic Hardware and Ultra-Low-Power Microdevices for Edge Computing at ISSCC: Leti’s Chief Scientist Presents Optimistic Vision for Neuromorphic Hardware and Ultra-Low-Power Microdevices That Are Based on Novel Emerging February 13th, 2018

Chip Technology

Getting electrons to move in a semiconductor: Gallium oxide shows high electron mobility, making it promising for better and cheaper devices April 24th, 2018

New qubit now works without breaks: A universal design for superconducting qubits has been created April 19th, 2018

Salt boosts creation of 2-D materials: Rice University scientists show how salt lowers reaction temperatures to make novel materials April 18th, 2018

When superconductivity disappears in the core of a quantum tube: By replacing the electrons with ultra-cold atoms, a group of physicists has created a perfectly clean material, unveiling new states of matter at the quantum level April 16th, 2018

Memory Technology

Researchers develop nanoparticle films for high-density data storage: April 3rd, 2018

Design approach developed for important new catalysts for energy conversion and storage: New method could aid in design of pharmaceuticals and optical and data storage materials March 21st, 2018

Unexpected effect could lead to lower-power memory, computing devices March 17th, 2018

The fine-tuning of two-dimensional materials March 1st, 2018

Discoveries

Nuclear radiation detecting device could lead to new homeland security tool: New device can detect gamma rays and identify radioactive isotopes April 25th, 2018

Biophysics -- lighting up DNA-based nanostructures April 25th, 2018

Getting electrons to move in a semiconductor: Gallium oxide shows high electron mobility, making it promising for better and cheaper devices April 24th, 2018

JPK reports on research of the Mestroni Lab at the University of Colorado Denver which use the JPK NanoWizard® AFM to help in the characterization of cardiomyopathies April 24th, 2018

Announcements

Nuclear radiation detecting device could lead to new homeland security tool: New device can detect gamma rays and identify radioactive isotopes April 25th, 2018

Biophysics -- lighting up DNA-based nanostructures April 25th, 2018

Getting electrons to move in a semiconductor: Gallium oxide shows high electron mobility, making it promising for better and cheaper devices April 24th, 2018

JPK reports on research of the Mestroni Lab at the University of Colorado Denver which use the JPK NanoWizard® AFM to help in the characterization of cardiomyopathies April 24th, 2018

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project