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Nanotechnologies for the Energy Market 2009, looks at whether nanotechnology has in fact had a huge impact on the energy sector. If so, in what way, and if not, why hasn't it?

Nanotechnologies for the Energy Market 2009

Dublin | Posted on July 21st, 2010

Since the beginning of the century we have heard repeatedly about how nanotechnologies will have a huge impact on the field of energy, but the hype about the potential impact of nanotechnologies has not been matched by real solutions.

Cientifica's 2007 report dispelled the hype about how nanotechnology was going to make fuel cells for automobiles suddenly make sense and bring the price of solar energy generated electricity in line with that produced by fossil fuels. Instead it showed that greater energy efficiency through energy saving techniques such as better insulation and lighter vehicles was going to be the main impact area for nanotechnologies well into the foreseeable future.

But the period of between January 2007 when the first edition was released and today witnessed a great upheaval in the energy sector. We saw oil prices skyrocket above $150/bbl and then plummet back down to $45/bbl. On the trip up and then down, all sorts of economic pronouncements were made such as how the economics of alternative energies had finally become detached from oil pricing, and we saw the valuations of alternative energy companies go through the roof only to come crashing down again.

Now that the dust has settled, what have we learned and what impact will it all have on the dynamics between nanotechnologies and energy?

- How will changes in the current political landscape both in the US and internationally impact nanotechnology's development in energy applications?
- How has the freezing of credit markets affected the development of nanotechnologies for alternative energy sources for the near future
- Where does hydrogen fuel cell technology stand now? And how will nanotechnology play a role?
- What is happening with thin film organic solar cells? Will nanotechnologies ever make this technology price competitive without government subsidies?
- What business model will work for a company trying to commercialize a nanotechnology in the energy sector?

These common sense questions are addressed in this new report as well as providing current market numbers and realistic projections over the next five years.

Compiling lists of all the nanotechnologies that could be used for energy applications and even cataloguing all the companies providing them only gives you a fraction of the picture. In the dynamics of the marketplace difficult-to-measure variables can change the entire picture and determine whether a technology will work or just add to the dustbin of failed technology ventures. This report looks at those variables, takes them into account and gives an assessment of nanotechnologies for the energy market.

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Title Index:

1.1 Summary of Nanotechnology Market Numbers
1.2 The History Of Nanotechnologies And Energy
1.2.1 Rick Smalley's Vision Of A Global Energy Network
1.2.2 The Unfulfilled Promise Of Thin Film Solar Three Generations of Solar Power Technology Three Different Business Strategies for Achieving the Third-Generation of
Solar Power Technology Nanosys Nanosolar
1.2.3 Nanotechnologies Jumping On The Clean Tech Bandwagon? As Clean Tech Became The Hot Topic Many Nanotechnologies Jumped Ship Distinguishing Between Energy Applications & Clean Tech Hype
1.3 Drivers
1.3.1 Oil / Energy Prices
1.3.2 Political / Energy independence
1.3.3 Green/Sustainability
1.4 Funding
1.4.1 Are Returns Within VC Time Horizons?
1.4.2 Will Capital Continue To Be Available? - Impact Of Credit Crunch
1.5 Nanotechnology Related Hot Topics In Energy
1.5.1 Conventional Energy
1.5.2 Renewable Energy
1.5.3 Clean Energy
1.5.4 Alternative Energy
1.5.5 Sustainable Energy
1.5.6 Energy Efficiency
1.6 Value-Added Points of Nanotechnology in the Energy Value Chain

2.1 The Nano-Energy Landscape
2.1.1 By Application Energy Saving Lighter And Stronger Materials Improved Combustion Clean Coal Fuel/oil Additives Insulation and Building Materials Lighting - LEDs and OLEDs Energy Storage Rechargeable Batteries Hydrogen Storage - Fuel Cells Supercapacitors Energy Conversion/Production Thermoelectricity/Waste Heat Recovery Solar Thermal Energy Geothermal Energy Biomass Bioenergetics Hydrogen Conversion And Fuel Cells Solar Photovoltaics (PV) - Solar Cells Thin film based solar cells CIGS Solar Dye Sensitised Solar Improved Solar Production and Processing Solutions Solar Fuels
2.1.2 Overall Energy Markets By Application
2.2 By Technology
2.2.1 Total Market For Solid State Lighting Using Nanomaterials
2.2.2 Global Fuel Borne Catalyst Market
2.2.3 Value Of CNT Composites Used For Weight Reduction In Transport And Automotive
2.3 Will the technologies be competitive with oil at
2.3.1 $100/barrel?
2.3.2 $30/barrel?

3.1 By Application
3.1.1 Energy Saving
3.1.2 Energy Storage
3.1.3 Energy Conversion
Solar Cells
3.2 By Technology - When Will It Start And How Will It Grow?
3.2.1 Aerogels/Nanogels
3.2.2 Lighting - LEDs and OLEDs
3.2.3 Fuel Borne Catalysts
3.2.4 Nanocomposites materials
3.2.5 Thin Film Solar Cells/Organic thin film, or plastic solar cells- renewable
photovoltaic energy
3.2.6 Fuel cells
3.2.7 Supercapacitors

4.1 CO2/ Carbon Savings
4.1.1 Quantifying Emissions
4.1.2 Quantifying The Effect Of Nanotechnologies On Global Emissions
4.2 Toxicology

5 The Summary of Status and Impact of Technologies in Each Sector
5.1 Energy Saving
5.1.1 Lighter and stronger materials sector Technologies Key players
5.1.2 Improved Combustion Technologies
Clean coal Key players
Fuel/oil Additives
5.1.3 Insulation Technologies Key players
5.1.4 Lighting - LEDs and OLEDs LED Technologies OLEDs Technologies Key Players
5.2 Energy Storage
5.2.1 Rechargeable Batteries Technologies Key Players
5.2.2 Hydrogen Storage - Fuel Cells Technologies Key players
5.2.3 Supercapacitors Technologies Key Players
5.3 Energy Conversion
5.3.1 Thermoelectricity/Waste Heat Recovery Technologies
5.3.2 Solar Thermal Energy Technologies Key Players
5.3.3 Geothermal Energy
5.3.4 Biomass
5.3.5 Bioenergetics
5.3.6 Hydrogen Conversion and fuel cells Technologies Key Players
5.3.7 Solar Photovoltaics (PV) - Solar Cells Technologies
5.3.8 Thin film technologies Technologies Key Players
5.3.9 CIGS solar Technologies Key Players
5.3.10 Dye Sensitised Solar Technologies Key Players
5.3.11 Improved Solar Production and Processing Solutions Key players
5.3.12 Solar Fuels Technologies

6 Automotive Industry
6.1 Automotive Applications
6.2 Challenges
6.3 Key Players

List of Figures

Figure 1: Market Breakdown 2009
Figure 2: Nanotechnology Energy Market Sectors 2007-2014
Figure 3: Nanotechnology for Energy Generation Market
Figure 4: Nanotechnologies for Energy Storage
Figure 5: Nanotechnologies for Energy Savings Applications Market
Figure 6: Richard Smalley's Distributed Storage-Generation Grid
Figure 7: Third Generation Photovoltaics
Figure 8: Konarka's Power Plastic®
Figure 9: Konarka's Power Plastic®
Figure 10: Konarka's OPV Module
Figure 11: Next Generation Form Factors
Figure 12: Nanosys Applications
Figure 13: Comparative Costs for Alternative Energy Sources
Figure 14: Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Energy Sectors
Figure 15: Projected Global Growth for Clean Energy
Figure 16: Global Clean-Energy Jobs
Figure 17: New Global Investments in Clean Energy in 2008
Figure 18: Top 10 Disclosed US Energy-Tech Venture Deals in 2008
Figure 19: Clean-Energy Venture Deals as Percentage of Total Investments
Figure 20: Diagram of Alternative Energy Sources
Figure 21: Diagram of Energy Efficiency
Figure 23: Nanotechnologies for the Energy Markets
Figure 24: Nanotechnology Market Breakdown in Energy 2009
Figure 25: Nanotechnology Market Breakdown in Energy 2014
Figure 26: Nanotechnologies for Energy Saving Applications Market
Figure 27: Nanomaterials In Insulation
Figure 28: Nanomaterials as a Percentage of the Total Insulation Market
Figure 32: Coal to Fuel Process
Figure 33: Nanogel Technology
Figure 34: Strong butterfly pavilion
Figure 35: Thermablok(TM) Aerogel
Figure 36: Comparison of Residential Heating Loads
Figure 37: Nanosulate Product Table
Figure 39: Light fixtures using LEDs
Figure 40: Cost of Ownership for LED Lighting Systems
Figure 41: Nanotechnology for Energy Storage
Figure 42: Search Strings for Nanobattery Applications
Figure 43: Comparison of Energy/Power in Different Storage Technologies
Figure 44: Nanotechnology For Energy Production Market
Figure 45: Vulox Solar System
Figure 46: Product Applications for Films Created by ITF Process
Figure 47: Hydrogen Conversion Technologies and Applications
Figure 48: Nano-titanate Battery Construction
Figure 49: Altair's Battery Technology
Figure 50: NanoSafeT battery cell
Figure 51: Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)
Figure 52: Cell Power Evolution 2003-2006
Figure 53: Cell Power Evolution 2003-2007
Figure 54: Membrane-electrode-assembly (MEA) component of portable fuel cells
Figure 56: Progress in PV Efficiencies
Figure 57: Comparisons of Materials for Thin-film PVs
Figure 58: Plextronics Ink
Figure 59: Plexcore PV for Printed Solar Power
Figure 60: Table of Benefits for Plexcore
Figure 61: CIGS Design
Figure 62: Cross Section Thin-film PV Stack
Figure 63: Applications for Thin-Film Flexible Photovoltaics
Figure 64: Nanosolar Utility PanelT
Figure 65: Nanosolar SolarPlyT. Light-weight solar-electric cell foil which can be
cut to any size. Non-fragile. No soldering required for electrical contact.
Figure 66: MiaSolé's CIGS Solar Cell
Figure 67: Splitting Water with Sunlight
Figure 68: Market by Application 2009
Figure 69: Market by Application 2014
Figure 70: Market Evolution by Application
Figure 71: Total Market for Solid State Lighting Using Nanomaterials
Figure 72: Global Nano Fuel Borne Catalyst Market
Figure 73: Value of CNT Composites Used For Weight Reduction In Transport and
Automotive Applications
Figure 74: A Split of All Emissions by High-level Consumer Need
Figure 75: Fuel Cycle
Figure 76: The Worldwide Emissions of Carbon from the Burning of Fossil Fuels is
Approximately 1 Tonne per Person per Year
Figure 77: Global greenhouse gas emissions 2000
Figure 78: Global CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Burning, Cement Manufacture, and
Gas Flaring: 1751-2002
Figure 79: Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Region
Figure 80: Increasing Demand for Fossil Fuels
Figure 81: CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel
Figure 82: Total World Electricity Consumption by Region
Figure 83: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Production
Figure 84: Reduction Of Emissions Due To Use Of Nanotechnologies
Figure 85: Sources of UK CO2 Emissions
Figure 86: Relationship between vehicle weight and fuel consumption
Figure 87: Figure Global Gasoline Consumption
Figure 88: The new two-way electric car
Figure 89: An engineer shows rows of storage batteries in a trailer that performs as
a two-way electric car would. The trailer can be parked at a wind farm, and the
batteries linked to the grid to give or take electricity.
Figure 90: The Saab Aero X concept


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