Nanotechnology Now





Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


DHgate

Home > Press > New, high-strength and lightweight nacre-mimetic material applicable to large-scale industrial processes

Abstract:
The Molecular Materials Research Group within the Department of Applied Physics in collaboration with VTT and Royal Institute of Technology shows the first example of light-weight but mechanically strong nanocomposite material mimicking the nacreous shells that allows upscaling for industrial processes.

New, high-strength and lightweight nacre-mimetic material applicable to large-scale industrial processes

Finland | Posted on March 24th, 2010

The materials are expected to be feasible in applications where lightweight but strong materials allow particular benefits, e.g. in telecommunication, aerospace applications, and vehicles.

Nacreous shell has attracted materials scientists for a long time, due to its lightweight but strong structure. Mimicking nacre, the new material consists of alternating inorganic nanoscale platelets which are glued by polymers, and the materials self-assemble spontaneously in a one-step process to form layered structures, using for example paper-making process, painting, and spreading.

The new invention is based on a deep understanding of self-assembly processes in material science, said Andreas Walther, PhD., and Academy Professor Olli Ikkala who lead the project. "We have used self-assemblies and hierarchies already long in other types of materials to achieve functional properties. A good example of self-assembly is given by proteins whose chains contain in a delicate manner the information how to assemble as functional structures."

Different nanocomposite materials have already been explored extensively. However, it has remained a challenge to achieve drastically improved properties or concepts that are easily upscalable for large-scale technological applications.

Lightweight and strong materials have a number of applications

The new material has attracted a wide interest. The properties are easily tunable. At present it shows a tensile modulus of 45 GPa, the tensile strength of 250 MPa, it has very low gas permeation, and it shows very good properties as a thermal shield upon exposed fire. The material has been developed based on initial funding of Academy of Finland, and continued by UPM, a global forest product company, who has also a patent pending on the concept.

"We believe that the material can be attractive for mobile technologies and even for flexible electronics as a support and barrier material," said Walther and Ikkala.

Upon further tailoring of the materials and the processes, applications related to vehicles and aerospace are expected to become feasible. The lightweight but strong materials can lead to energy savings.

Nature inspires novel high tech materials

The new material is an example of biomimetics, which aims to mimic the most attractive materials in nature, but in simpler terms.

The materials scientists are fascinated by the delicacy of natural materials. The properties have been developed due to the lengthy process of evolution and in some cases extraordinary properties relevant to technology can be identified. In addition to nacreous shells, the materials scientists explore for example mimics for silk, jaws, and bones.

The results have been published in Nano Letters (DOI: 10.1021/nl1003224)pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl1003224

see also: www.technologyreview.com/computing/24828/page1/.

####

About Aalto University
Established in 2010, the Aalto University is a new university with centuries of experience. The Aalto University is a created from the merger of three Finnish universities: The Helsinki School of Economics, Helsinki University of Technology and The University of Art and Design Helsinki. The three schools of the Aalto University - the School of Economics, the School of Art and Design and the School of Science and Technology are all leading and renowned institutions in their respective fields and in their own right.

The combination of three universities opens up new possibilities for strong multi-disciplinary education and research. The new university's ambitious goal is to be one of the leading institutions in the world in terms of research and education in its own specialised disciplines.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Andreas Walther, PhD

+358 50 5113192

Olli Ikkala
Academy Professori

+358 50 4100454

Copyright © Aalto University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Conversion of Greenhouse Gases to Syngas in Presence of Nanocatalysts in Iran May 22nd, 2015

New Antibacterial Wound Dressing in Iran Can Display Replacement Time May 22nd, 2015

Haydale Named Lead Sponsor for Cambridge Graphene Festival May 22nd, 2015

Simulations predict flat liquid May 21st, 2015

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

Nanotherapy effective in mice with multiple myeloma May 21st, 2015

Turn that defect upside down: Twin boundaries in lithium-ion batteries May 21st, 2015

INSIDDE: Uncovering the real history of art using a graphene scanner May 21st, 2015

SUNY Poly CNSE and NIOSH Launch Federal Nano Health and Safety Consortium: May 20th, 2015

Possible Futures

Simulations predict flat liquid May 21st, 2015

Nature inspires first artificial molecular pump: Simple design mimics pumping mechanism of life-sustaining proteins found in living cells May 19th, 2015

NNCO and Museum of Science Fiction to Collaborate on Nanotechnology and 3D Printing Panels at Awesome Con May 19th, 2015

Quantum 'gruyères' for spintronics of the future: Topological insulators become a little less 'elusive' May 12th, 2015

Academic/Education

SUNY Poly CNSE and NIOSH Launch Federal Nano Health and Safety Consortium: May 20th, 2015

New JEOL E-Beam Lithography System to Enhance Quantum NanoFab Capabilities May 6th, 2015

FEI Partners With the George Washington University to Equip New Science & Engineering Hall: Suite of new high-performance microscopes will be used for cutting-edge experiments at GW’s new research facility April 29th, 2015

Renishaw Raman systems used to study 2D materials at Boston University, Massachusetts, USA. April 28th, 2015

Self Assembly

Scientists Use Nanoscale Building Blocks and DNA 'Glue' to Shape 3D Superlattices: New approach to designing ordered composite materials for possible energy applications April 23rd, 2015

Advances in molecular electronics: Lights on -- molecule on: Researchers from Dresden and Konstanz succeed in light-controlled molecule switching April 20th, 2015

Carnegie Mellon chemists create tiny gold nanoparticles that reflect nature's patterns April 9th, 2015

DWI scientists program the lifetime of self-assembled nanostructures April 9th, 2015

Materials/Metamaterials

Haydale Named Lead Sponsor for Cambridge Graphene Festival May 22nd, 2015

Supercomputer unlocks secrets of plant cells to pave the way for more resilient crops: IBM partners with University of Melbourne and UQ May 21st, 2015

Researchers develop new way to manufacture nanofibers May 21st, 2015

Taking control of light emission: Researchers find a way of tuning light waves by pairing 2 exotic 2-D materials May 20th, 2015

Announcements

Conversion of Greenhouse Gases to Syngas in Presence of Nanocatalysts in Iran May 22nd, 2015

New Antibacterial Wound Dressing in Iran Can Display Replacement Time May 22nd, 2015

Haydale Named Lead Sponsor for Cambridge Graphene Festival May 22nd, 2015

INSIDDE: Uncovering the real history of art using a graphene scanner May 21st, 2015

Patents/IP/Tech Transfer/Licensing

Researchers develop new way to manufacture nanofibers May 21st, 2015

Novel superconducting undulator provides first x-ray light at ANKA May 1st, 2015

Long Island Capital Alliance Announces Participants for Brookhaven National Laboratory Technology Transfer Capital Forum on May 8: Keynote Speaker Dr. Doon Gibbs, Director of Brookhaven National Laboratory April 16th, 2015

MIT sensor detects spoiled meat: Tiny device could be incorporated into 'smart packaging' to improve food safety April 15th, 2015

Automotive/Transportation

Wearables may get boost from boron-infused graphene: Rice U. researchers flex muscle of laser-written microsupercapacitors May 18th, 2015

ORNL demonstrates first large-scale graphene fabrication May 14th, 2015

Penn and UC Merced researchers match physical and virtual atomic friction experiments May 8th, 2015

Silicon Storage Technology and GLOBALFOUNDRIES Announce Qualification of Automotive Grade 55nm Embedded Flash Memory Technology May 5th, 2015

Aerospace/Space

ORNL demonstrates first large-scale graphene fabrication May 14th, 2015

International and U.S. Students and Teachers Headed to Toronto for 34th Annual International Space Development Conference®: Students competed in prestigious NSS-NASA Ames Space Settlement Design Contest May 9th, 2015

'Microcombing' creates stronger, more conductive carbon nanotube films May 5th, 2015

Iranian Scientists Present Model to Study Mechanical Vibrations of Structures Containing Nanocomposites May 5th, 2015

Industrial

Wearables may get boost from boron-infused graphene: Rice U. researchers flex muscle of laser-written microsupercapacitors May 18th, 2015

ORNL demonstrates first large-scale graphene fabrication May 14th, 2015

Nano-policing pollution May 13th, 2015

ORNL superhydrophobic glass coating offers clear benefits May 11th, 2015

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More










ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project