Nanotechnology Now







Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button


DHgate

Home > Press > VCU Research Highlighted in Science Journal

Seven atom arsenic clusters are assembled into different architectures by using different counterions. By changing the counterion, the band gap of the material is changed despite being made from the same building block. Covalent linkers, as shown by gold linked assembly in the central panel allows additional control of the band gap. The arsenic atoms are red, the gold linkers are gold, and the counterions are purple for cesium and blue for potassium. Image courtesy of VCU/PSU/California Nanosystems Institute.
Seven atom arsenic clusters are assembled into different architectures by using different counterions. By changing the counterion, the band gap of the material is changed despite being made from the same building block. Covalent linkers, as shown by gold linked assembly in the central panel allows additional control of the band gap. The arsenic atoms are red, the gold linkers are gold, and the counterions are purple for cesium and blue for potassium. Image courtesy of VCU/PSU/California Nanosystems Institute.

Abstract:
Designing nanoscale materials with a precise control over properties

By Sathya Achia Abraham

VCU Research Highlighted in Science Journal

Richmond, VA | Posted on March 5th, 2010

Shiv Khanna, Ph.D., a professor in the VCU Department of Physics, together with colleagues from VCU, Penn State University and the California Nanosystems Institute, were recently highlighted in the Editor's Choice section of the journal Science for their work demonstrating how nanomaterials with control of specific properties can be created.

For the past decade, nanoscience has been a major scientific focus area globally, paving the way for the development of new materials for applications in the fields of energy, medicine, electronics, magnetics and chemistry.

Through theoretical and experimental work, the team found a way to make materials with variable band gaps. The band gap determines the nature of radiation that a material can absorb.

According to Khanna, using As73- as an atomic cluster of choice, the team synthesized nanoscale materials that combine As73- clusters with various alkali atoms that donate the charge to As7 clusters and consequently, result in different materials. Experimental measurements revealed that the band gaps vary from 1.1-2.1 eV, even though the assemblies are constructed from identical cluster building blocks.

The theoretical work at VCU revealed the nature of the electronic character of As73- clusters and further led to the understanding of how these variations are coming about.

"To our knowledge, this is the clearest demonstration of the potential of making materials with adjustable characteristics," said Khanna.

"Our research will open the pathway to materials with applications in energy needs, electronics and magnetic industries. We are also developing ideas for new catalysts that catalyze reactions and also perform other functions," Khanna said.

These findings were published in the January 2010 issue of the journal ACS-Nano - a publication of the American Chemical Society.

The work was supported by the Army Research Office through a MURI grant.

Khanna collaborated with VCU researchers Arthur C. Reber and Meichun Qian; Ayusman Sen, Ph.D., professor of chemistry at Penn State, and Penn State research associates Angel Ugrino, N.K. Chaki, and S. Mandal; and P. Weiss, Ph.D., director of the California Nanosytems Institute, and distinguished professor of chemistry and physics at Penn State, and H. M. Saavedra, a research associate at Penn State.

####

About Virginia Commonwealth University
Virginia Commonwealth University is a public, metropolitan, research university, supported by Virginia to serve the people of the state and the nation. The university provides a fertile and stimulating environment for learning, teaching, research, creative expression and public service. Essential to the life of the university is the faculty — actively engaged in scholarship and creative exploration activities that increase knowledge and understanding of the world and inspire and enrich teaching.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Sathya Achia Abraham
VCU Communications and Public Relations
(804) 827-0890

Copyright © Virginia Commonwealth University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

Chemistry

Scientists Use Nanoscale Building Blocks and DNA 'Glue' to Shape 3D Superlattices: New approach to designing ordered composite materials for possible energy applications April 23rd, 2015

New class of 3D-printed aerogels improve energy storage April 22nd, 2015

Expanding the reach of metallic glass April 22nd, 2015

Protein Building Blocks for Nanosystems: Scientists develop method for producing bio-based materials with new properties April 17th, 2015

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

ORNL reports method that takes quantum sensing to new level April 23rd, 2015

Electron spin brings order to high entropy alloys April 23rd, 2015

Scientists Use Nanoscale Building Blocks and DNA 'Glue' to Shape 3D Superlattices: New approach to designing ordered composite materials for possible energy applications April 23rd, 2015

New class of 3D-printed aerogels improve energy storage April 22nd, 2015

Academic/Education

Iranian Female Professor Awarded UNESCO Medal in Nanoscience April 20th, 2015

JPK reports on the use of the NanoWizard® 3 AFM system at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem April 14th, 2015

UK National Graphene Institute Selects Bruker as Official Partner: World-Leading Graphene Research Facility Purchases Multiple Bruker AFMs April 7th, 2015

SUNY Poly CNSE and Title Sponsor SEFCU Name Capital Region Teams Advancing to the Final Round of the 2015 New York Business Plan Competition March 30th, 2015

Announcements

Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds healing of diabetic skin wounds: Spherical nucleic acids silence gene that interferes with wound healing April 24th, 2015

Fast and accurate 3-D imaging technique to track optically trapped particles April 24th, 2015

Pseudoparticles travel through photoactive material: KIT scientists measure important process in the conversion of light energy -- publication in Nature Communications April 24th, 2015

Surface matters: Huge reduction of heat conduction observed in flat silicon channels April 23rd, 2015

Energy

Pseudoparticles travel through photoactive material: KIT scientists measure important process in the conversion of light energy -- publication in Nature Communications April 24th, 2015

Scientists Use Nanoscale Building Blocks and DNA 'Glue' to Shape 3D Superlattices: New approach to designing ordered composite materials for possible energy applications April 23rd, 2015

'Holey' graphene for energy storage: Charged holes in graphene increase energy storage capacity April 22nd, 2015

Expanding the reach of metallic glass April 22nd, 2015

Industrial

Nanoparticles Used to Improve Mechanical, Thermal Properties of Cellulose Fibers April 23rd, 2015

Nanocomposites Play Effective Role in Production of Smart Fibers April 18th, 2015

Taking aircraft manufacturing out of the oven: New technique uses carbon nanotube film to directly heat and cure composite materials April 14th, 2015

Industrial Nanotech, Inc. Announces Next Large Order from the Oil and Gas Industry March 26th, 2015

Alliances/Partnerships/Distributorships

How can you see an atom? (video) April 10th, 2015

FibeRio and VF Corporation Form Strategic Partnership to Lead the Apparel and Footwear Markets in Nanofiber Technology April 8th, 2015

UK National Graphene Institute Selects Bruker as Official Partner: World-Leading Graphene Research Facility Purchases Multiple Bruker AFMs April 7th, 2015

NXP and GLOBALFOUNDRIES Announce Production of 40nm Embedded Non-Volatile Memory Technology: Co-developed technology to leverage GLOBALFOUNDRIES 40nm process technology platform March 24th, 2015

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More










ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project