Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors


Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Argonne scientists squeeze more out of metal-organic framework

Argonne scientist Karena Chapman holds up a wafer of metal organic framework ZIF-8 with its structure displayed on the computer screen. Chapman along with scientists Peter Chupas and Gregory Halder were able to change the structure of a metal organic framework at pressures low enough for large scale industrial applications.
Argonne scientist Karena Chapman holds up a wafer of metal organic framework ZIF-8 with its structure displayed on the computer screen. Chapman along with scientists Peter Chupas and Gregory Halder were able to change the structure of a metal organic framework at pressures low enough for large scale industrial applications.

Abstract:
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new route to transform the structure of porous materials at industrially-accessible high pressures.

Argonne scientists squeeze more out of metal-organic framework

Argonne, IL | Posted on January 14th, 2010

Normally, these materials will spring back to their original structure after they have been compressed, almost like a spring, but above a certain pressure this material adopts a new structure," Argonne scientist Karena Chapman said. "It is a related structure, but it is as if when we compressed the spring, it bounced back to a different shape."

ZIF-8 is a commercially available metal-organic framework (MOF) with molecular-scale pores that can have valuable catalytic applications. Chapman, along with scientists Gregory Halder and Peter Chupas, used the Advanced Photon Source's high-focused X-ray beams to observe the structure of the compound after it withstood varying degrees of pressure. The structural transition was found to occur at relatively modest pressures — pressures that can be achieved on the larger scales needed to test how the change in structure affects the compound's functional behavior.

Gas uptake measurements, carried out within the Materials Science Division, revealed that the material's porosity was modified for the new structure. This could be used to optimize its performance for specific applications in areas such as hydrogen storage for fuel cells. This discovery shows that by exerting pressure on MOFs through the pelletization process, researchers can modify the compound's structure and storage property.

While this type of structural change has been seen in traditional porous materials (e.g., zeolites) at much higher pressures, the structural changes in the MOF material occur at lower pressures and consequently, this modification can be more readily scaled up to industrial levels.

The next step is for the scientists to examine the mechanism of the structural change and how this modification process can be most effectively exploited for molecular storage and separation applications.

A paper about this discovery was recently published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, here pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja908415z?journalCode=jacsat.

####

About Argonne National Laboratory
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America 's scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Brock Cooper
630/252-5565

Copyright © Argonne National Laboratory

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Starpharma initiates new DEP™ drug delivery program with AstraZeneca July 27th, 2016

Ageing can drive progress: Population ageing is likely to boost medicine, nanotechnology and robotics, but increase political risks July 27th, 2016

WSU researchers 'watch' crystal structure change in real time: Breakthrough made possible by new Argonne facility July 27th, 2016

Enhancing molecular imaging with light: New technology platform increases spectroscopic resolution by 4 fold July 27th, 2016

Chemistry

New nontoxic process promises larger ultrathin sheets of 2-D nanomaterials July 27th, 2016

New reaction for the synthesis of nanostructures July 21st, 2016

Pushing a single-molecule switch: An international team of researchers from Donostia International Physics Center, Fritz-Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, University of Liverpool, and the Polish Academy of Sciences has shown a new way to operate a single-molecule switch July 19th, 2016

Rice's 'antenna-reactor' catalysts offer best of both worlds: Technology marries light-harvesting nanoantennas to high-reaction-rate catalysts July 18th, 2016

Possible Futures

Ageing can drive progress: Population ageing is likely to boost medicine, nanotechnology and robotics, but increase political risks July 27th, 2016

Enhancing molecular imaging with light: New technology platform increases spectroscopic resolution by 4 fold July 27th, 2016

New nontoxic process promises larger ultrathin sheets of 2-D nanomaterials July 27th, 2016

New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity: New chemistry could overcome key drawbacks of lithium-air batteries July 26th, 2016

Discoveries

WSU researchers 'watch' crystal structure change in real time: Breakthrough made possible by new Argonne facility July 27th, 2016

Enhancing molecular imaging with light: New technology platform increases spectroscopic resolution by 4 fold July 27th, 2016

New nontoxic process promises larger ultrathin sheets of 2-D nanomaterials July 27th, 2016

Ultrasensitive sensor using N-doped graphene July 26th, 2016

Materials/Metamaterials

WSU researchers 'watch' crystal structure change in real time: Breakthrough made possible by new Argonne facility July 27th, 2016

New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity: New chemistry could overcome key drawbacks of lithium-air batteries July 26th, 2016

Ultra-flat circuits will have unique properties: Rice University lab studies 2-D hybrids to see how they differ from common electronics July 25th, 2016

Attosecond physics: Mapping electromagnetic waveforms July 25th, 2016

Announcements

Starpharma initiates new DEP™ drug delivery program with AstraZeneca July 27th, 2016

Ageing can drive progress: Population ageing is likely to boost medicine, nanotechnology and robotics, but increase political risks July 27th, 2016

WSU researchers 'watch' crystal structure change in real time: Breakthrough made possible by new Argonne facility July 27th, 2016

Enhancing molecular imaging with light: New technology platform increases spectroscopic resolution by 4 fold July 27th, 2016

Energy

New nontoxic process promises larger ultrathin sheets of 2-D nanomaterials July 27th, 2016

Designing climate-friendly concrete, from the nanoscale up: New understanding of concrete’s properties could increase lifetime of the building material, decrease emissions July 25th, 2016

An accelerated pipeline to open materials research: ORNL workflow system unites imaging, algorithms, and HPC to advance materials discovery and design July 24th, 2016

Researchers discover key mechanism for producing solar cells: Better understanding of perovskite solar cells could boost widespread use July 21st, 2016

Industrial

Scientists move 1 step closer to creating an invisibility cloak July 15th, 2016

Yale researchers’ technology turns wasted heat into power June 27th, 2016

Industrial Nanotech, Inc. Signs Agreement With and Receives First Purchase Order from Major New Customer in China June 6th, 2016

GLOBALFOUNDRIES to Expand Presence in China with 300mm Fab in Chongqing: Company plans new manufacturing facility and additional design capabilities to serve customers in China May 31st, 2016

Fuel Cells

New nontoxic process promises larger ultrathin sheets of 2-D nanomaterials July 27th, 2016

3-D paper-based microbial fuel cell operating under continuous flow condition July 5th, 2016

Nanoscientists develop the 'ultimate discovery tool': Rapid discovery power is similar to what gene chips offer biology June 25th, 2016

VentureLab nanotechnology startup wins TechConnect Innovation Award June 2nd, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







Car Brands
Buy website traffic