Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Computational modeling yields accurate tracking of heat flow through diamond

Stewart
Stewart

Abstract:
Using computational modeling, Cornell researcher Derek Stewart and collaborators have calculated the exact mechanism by which diamond conducts heat, a breakthrough that could lend insight into fields ranging from heat management in electronics to heat flow in the earth.

Computational modeling yields accurate tracking of heat flow through diamond

Ithica, NY | Posted on September 22nd, 2009

The research is described in the Sept. 16 online edition of Physical Review B (Vol. 80, Issue 12) and is highlighted by the journal as an "Editor's Suggestion" for its "particular interest, clarity or importance." Stewart, the computational research associate at Cornell NanoScale Science and Technology Facility (CNF), performed the work with researchers at Boston College and the University of Regensburg, Germany.

Thermal conductivity is the measure of how easily a material transfers heat. Diamond, which is also an electrical insulator, has a high thermal conductivity -- about five times that of copper. In insulators, heat is carried by vibrations of atoms in the crystal, called phonons.

Using powerful computing tools at CNF and Boston College, Stewart and his collaborators calculated the interactions between the diamond's phonons and how they scatter off of each other.

By doing so, they precisely solved the scattering term of the long-used Boltzmann Transport Equation, developed by Rudolf Peierls, which scientists had been forced to approximate for 80 years to get a best estimate for exactly how phonons travel across materials. The equation describes how phonons carry heat from hot to cold regions through diffusion, and how the scattering of phonons impedes heat flow.

One of the research team's key breakthroughs, Stewart said, is that they calculated these million or more phonon-phonon interactions directly from first principles, without any experimental data.

"This makes the approach truly predictive," he said.

This ability to "see" how phonons interact in diamond and how this affects heat transfer could be applied to other materials and thus provide insights into what materials might be best for applications in such areas as thermoelectrics.

"If we can do a good job modeling the thermal properties of these materials that people have studied, it puts us in a strong position to look at new candidate structures no one has considered before," Stewart said. "It can also give us ideas of how to manipulate materials on the nanoscale to change their thermal properties."

The researchers have already done similar calculations on traditional semiconductor materials, silicon and germanium.

Study co-authors are Professor David A. Broido and graduate student Alistair Ward of Boston College, and Gernot Deinzer of the University of Regensburg. The National Science Foundation funded the study.

####

About Cornell University
Once called "the first American university" by educational historian Frederick Rudolph, Cornell University represents a distinctive mix of eminent scholarship and democratic ideals. Adding practical subjects to the classics and admitting qualified students regardless of nationality, race, social circumstance, gender, or religion was quite a departure when Cornell was founded in 1865.

Today's Cornell reflects this heritage of egalitarian excellence. It is home to the nation's first colleges devoted to hotel administration, industrial and labor relations, and veterinary medicine. Both a private university and the land-grant institution of New York State, Cornell University is the most educationally diverse member of the Ivy League.

On the Ithaca campus alone nearly 20,000 students representing every state and 120 countries choose from among 4,000 courses in 11 undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools. Many undergraduates participate in a wide range of interdisciplinary programs, play meaningful roles in original research, and study in Cornell programs in Washington, New York City, and the world over.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Media Contact:
Blaine Friedlander
(607) 254-8093

Cornell Chronicle:
Anne Ju
(607) 255-9735

Copyright © Cornell University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods March 25th, 2017

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen March 24th, 2017

Promising results obtained with a new electrocatalyst that reduces the need for platinum: Researchers from Aalto University have succeeded in manufacturing electrocatalysts used for storing electric energy with one-hundredth of the amount of platinum that is usually needed March 24th, 2017

Artificial photosynthesis steps into the light: Rice University lab turns transition metals into practical catalyst for solar, other applications March 23rd, 2017

Possible Futures

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods March 25th, 2017

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen March 24th, 2017

Promising results obtained with a new electrocatalyst that reduces the need for platinum: Researchers from Aalto University have succeeded in manufacturing electrocatalysts used for storing electric energy with one-hundredth of the amount of platinum that is usually needed March 24th, 2017

Rice U. refines filters for greener natural gas: New study defines best materials for carbon capture, methane selectivity March 23rd, 2017

Nanoelectronics

Scientists discover new 'boat' form of promising semiconductor: GeSe Uncommon form attenuates semiconductor's band gap size March 23rd, 2017

UC researchers use gold coating to control luminescence of nanowires: University of Cincinnati physicists manipulate nanowire semiconductors in pursuit of making electronics smaller, faster and cheaper March 17th, 2017

A SOI wafer is a suitable substrate for gallium nitride crystals: Improved characteristics in power electronics and radio applications can be achieved by using a SOI wafer for gallium nitride growth March 4th, 2017

Smart multi-layered magnetic material acts as an electric switch: New study reveals characteristic of islands of magnetic metals between vacuum gaps, displaying tunnelling electric current March 1st, 2017

Discoveries

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods March 25th, 2017

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen March 24th, 2017

Promising results obtained with a new electrocatalyst that reduces the need for platinum: Researchers from Aalto University have succeeded in manufacturing electrocatalysts used for storing electric energy with one-hundredth of the amount of platinum that is usually needed March 24th, 2017

Artificial photosynthesis steps into the light: Rice University lab turns transition metals into practical catalyst for solar, other applications March 23rd, 2017

Announcements

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods March 25th, 2017

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen March 24th, 2017

Promising results obtained with a new electrocatalyst that reduces the need for platinum: Researchers from Aalto University have succeeded in manufacturing electrocatalysts used for storing electric energy with one-hundredth of the amount of platinum that is usually needed March 24th, 2017

Artificial photosynthesis steps into the light: Rice University lab turns transition metals into practical catalyst for solar, other applications March 23rd, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project