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Jumbo microscopes, high-powered nanotubes, glowing corals, biomolecules and the windows of the future
The AVS 55th International Symposium next month in Boston will showcase research from across the spectrum of science and engineering devoted to research on such topics as nanotechnology, alternative energy, materials research, and medicine.
Reporters are invited to attend the conference free of charge. Registration instructions and other information may be found at the end of this news release. Brief highlights of the 1,300 talks at the meeting are listed below.
LUBRICATION IN OUTER SPACE
Launch vibration, the harsh vacuum environment of space, and cycling between high and low temperatures make for complicated design of coating and lubricants used in satellites and launch vehicles. See www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=198.
THIN, FLEXIBLE MONITORS
A flexible organic LED display system made from 50-micron-thick films still operates when rolled into a cylinder with a 5-mm diameter See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=115.
"... Fluorescence in corals is optical alchemy, a magical transformation of ultraviolet or blue light to a rainbow of intense hues... a marvel of physics in action..." See www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=238.
WINDOWS OF THE FUTURE:
"...past, present and potential near-term future of energy efficient windows, based on vacuum insulating glass, for residential buildings..." See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=1390.
"...The carbon nanotube field effect transistor has the potential to deliver functional performance and efficiency that exceed silicon-based power devices by more than an order of magnitude..." See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=77.
DETECTING PICOMOLAR CONCENTRATIONS OF MOLECULES
"...We foresee this novel technology being used as a tool to be applied in the upcoming field of systems biology and preventive medicine to evaluate treatment response efficacy for personalized medical diagnostics..." www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=34.
IMPLANTABLE CLINICAL MICROELECTROMECHANICAL DEVICES
"...the feasibility of a variety of implantable bioMEMS devices for drug delivery, physiological monitoring, and tissue engineering, has been demonstrated within a research context. Unfortunately, their translation into the clinical environment has been largely limited due to technical, cultural, and economic challenges..." See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=29.
DRAWING WITH A PLASMA QUILL AND SILICON NANOCRYSTAL INK
This talk will present the properties and potential applications of silicon nanocrystal inks for making quantum dot solar cells and printed electronic chips. See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=82.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE SYNCHROTRON CLEAN?
"... Over the last 30 years the cleaning and processing of vacuum components at Daresbury Laboratory has changed considerably. Although some aspects remain quite similar, others are very different..." See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=106.
JUMBO ELECTRON MICROSCOPE
A German company builds scanning electron microscopes that can look at objects as heavy as 20 kg. See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=210.
TINY SYSTEMS FOR GROWING AND STUDYING CELLS
"...We present microfluidic systems for cell growth... [and] for quantitative microinjection of macromolecules and nanoparticles into living cells..."
TUNABLE MICROEDDIES TRAP CELLS
"...We demonstrate the ease of trapping for bubbles, spheres, rod-like debris, non-spherical motile phytoplankton, macrophages, and monocytes in different fluid media..." See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=1215.
GRAPHENE -- THE CARBON FLATLAND.
Andrei Geim, who discovered those two-dimensional carbon sheets known as graphene, will report on the latest findings in this important subject, concentrating on its exotic electronic properties and speculate about potential applications. See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=186.
DIRECT THERMAL IMAGING.
"...Infrared imaging plays a critical role in many applications ranging from night vision, environmental monitoring and astronomy. The paper describes a room-temperature compensated opto-thermo-mechanical un-cooled infrared imaging system with a direct color display..." See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=292
HOW MUCH DO CELLS, PROTEINS, AND NANOPARTICLES WEIGH?
Weighing of biological molecules, individual cells, and single nanoparticles in Fluid may be possible with a new technology known as suspended microchannel resonator (SMR), which has achieved a resolution of approximately 1 femtogram, an improvement of six orders of magnitude over a high-end commercial quartz crystal microbalance. See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=113.
FAILURE ON THE MICRO-SCALE
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), those tiny technological wonders with components as small as one ten-thousandth of a centimeter, may fail because of high humidity; correlations between corrosion rates and relative humidity. Why? See: (www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=1366).
BIGGEST LIGHT DOWNUNDER
The 3-GeV synchrotron in Melbourne, Australia is the largest scientific and technological user facility in the southern hemisphere See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=200.
EXCITONICS AND FUTURE ELECTRONICS
Excitons, composite entities consisting of an electron and the vacancy it left behind in a solid, may have useful in electronic applications. See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=85.
Atomic force microscopy with a spatial resolution of 77 picometers. See: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=235.
INFORMATION FOR JOURNALISTS
The AVS 55th International Symposium & Exhibition lasts from October 19-24 in Boston, Massachusetts. All meeting information, including directions to the Hynes Convention Center is at: www2.avs.org/symposium/.
Searchable meeting program: www.avssymposium.org/Overview.asp.
Main meeting page: www2.avs.org/symposium/AVS55/pages/info.html.
Journalist registration: www.avs.org/pdf/pressinvite.pdf.
Online press room: www.avs.org/inside.press.aspx.
ONSITE MEETING PRESSROOM
The AVS Pressroom will be located in Room 313 of the Hynes Convention Center. Pressroom hours are Monday-Thursday, 8:00-5:00 pm. The phone number there is (617) 954-2937. Press Kits containing exhibiting company's new product announcements and other news will be available on CD-ROM in the pressroom.
ASK THE EXPERTS
The proliferation of tiny electronic and other gadgets sometimes overwhelms meeting attendees (and journalists). Consequently there will be an "ask-the-experts" booth in the exhibit area. So save up your questions (Exhibit Hall Booth 607).
PLENARY TALK ON NANOTECHNOLOGY
This year's plenary talk will be delivered by Jackie Ying, the Executive Director of the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN), Singapore. Ying's laboratory has been responsible for the development of several novel approaches that create nanocomposites, nanoporous materials and nanodevices with unique size-dependent characteristics. Her talk, "Nanostructure Processing of Advanced Catalysts and Biomaterials" will be at noon on Monday, October 20, 2008 in Ballroom B of the Hynes Convention Center. For full details, see:
LECTURE BY 2007 NOBEL LAUREATE ALBERT FERT
Fert, of Universit Paris-Sud and Unit Mixte de Physique CNRS/THALES in Orsay, France, won the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics with Peter Grnberg for the discovery of giant magnetoresistance. In Boston, Fert will describe the potential of carbon nanotubes, graphene and other molecules for spintronics-a developing field that seeks to achieve new forms of data storage by exploiting electron spin along with charge. Fert's talk "Spin Transport between Spin-Polarized Sources and Drains: Advantage of Carbon Nanotubes on Semiconductors" will be at 5:00 p.m. on Wednesday, October 22, 2008 in Room 206 of the Hynes Convention Center. For full details, see: www.avssymposium.org/paper.asp?abstractID=38.
INDUSTRIAL PHYSICS FORUM
A meeting within a meeting, the Industrial Physics Forum (IPF, www.aip.org/ipf) is a multifaceted science meeting that presents industrial, academic, and governmental views on significant issues in physics and related fields. Held in conjunction with the AVS meeting this year, the 2008 Industrial Physics Forum has a research theme of Frontiers in Imaging, from Cosmos to Nano. Sessions include:
* ASTRONOMICAL IMAGING: Large telescopes, adaptive optics, and instrumentation:
* BIO IMAGING: Single molecules, viruses, cells, and new views of the retina. See: www.avssymposium.org/Session.asp?sessionID=140. - IMAGING OF MATERIALS WITH SUBATOMIC RESOLUTION: Vibrational, nanoplasmonic, and force microscopy. See: www.avssymposium.org/Session.asp?sessionID=141.
* MARINE/TERRESTRIAL IMAGING: Coral Fluorescence Imaging, Deep-Sea Bioluminescence, LIDAR in the Coastal Environment, Streak-Tube Imaging and Virtual Periscope: See: www.avssymposium.org/Session.asp?sessionID=142.
FRONTIERS OF PHYSICS
The Industrial Physics Forum (IPF) also hosts the Frontiers in Physics Symposium, showcasing some of the top speakers on some of the hottest topics in physics. This year's symposium speakers are as follows: J. Gordon (IBM Almaden Research Center) on developing nano-circuits; J. Flanz (Massachusetts General Hospital) on proton cancer therapy; J. Ye (National Institute of Standards and Technology) on the best atomic clocks; and M. Lukin (Harvard University) on diamond circuitry. The session will be from 1:40 to 4:40 p.m. on Tuesday, October 21, 2008 in Room 312 of the Hynes Convention Center. See: www.avssymposium.org/Session.asp?sessionID=143.
AVS promotes communication, dissemination of knowledge, recommended practices, research, and education in a broad range of technologically relevant topics. One way that it does this is by offering short courses in areas such as
* Vacuum processing design, operation, and maintenance;
* Characterization of films, surfaces, particles, and interfaces; and
* Materials processing, modification.
In Boston, AVS will offer short courses on everything from engineering solar cells to the latest technologies for analyzing biological molecules. To access the complete short course schedule, see: www.avs.org/education.schedule.aspx#national_schedule.
About American Institute of Physics
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) is a not-for-profit organization chartered in 1931 for the purpose of promoting the advancement and diffusion of the knowledge of physics and its application to human welfare. It is the mission of the Institute to serve physics, astronomy, and related fields of science and technology by serving its ten Member Societies and their associates, individual scientists, educators, R&D leaders, and the general public with programs, services and publications.
AVS is a nonprofit organization that promotes communication, education, networking, recommended practices, research, and the dissemination of knowledge on an international scale, in the application of vacuum and other controlled environments to understand and develop interfaces, new materials, processes, and devices through the interaction of science and technology.
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