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Research and Markets (www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/c94085) has announced the addition of Polyesters and Polyamides to their offering.
Edited by B L Deopura, R Alagirusamy, M Joshi and B Gupta, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Polyesters and polyamides remain the most used group of synthetic fibres. This authoritative book reviews methods of their production, ways of improving their functionality and their wide range of applications.
The first part of the book describes raw materials and manufacturing processes, including environmental issues. Part two considers ways of improving the functionality of polyester and polyamide fibres, including blending, weaving, coloration and other finishing techniques as well as new techniques such as nanotechnology. The final part of the book reviews the range of uses of these important fibres, from apparel and sportswear to automotive, medical and civil engineering applications.
With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polyesters and polyamides will be a standard reference for all those using this important group of fibres.
PART 1 POLYESTER AND POLYAMIDE FUNDAMENTALS
P Santhana Gopala Krishnan and S T Kulkarni, Futura Polyesters Ltd, Chennai, India
Introduction. Classification. History. Polymerization methods. Poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET). Poly (trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT). Poly (butylene terephthalate) (PBT). Poly (1, 4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (PCT). Poly (ethylene 2, 6-naphthalate) (PEN). Polylactic acid (PLA). World market. Future trends. Acknowledgements. Sources of further information and advice.
B L Deopura, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. Nylon 66. Nylon 6. Selection of molecular weight for filament production. Thermal properties of nylon fibres. Physical structure of nylon fibre. Mechanical behaviour of nylon fibres. Applications of nylon fibres. References.
Manufacture of polyester fibres
C A Lin, Feng Chia University, Taiwan
Introduction. Raw materials of polyester fibres in industry. Polymerisation process of polyester fibres in industry. Fundamental principles and types of melt spinning process. Heat setting and textured yarn of filament. High speed spinning and novel spinning. Acknowledgements. References.
Manufacture of polyamide fibres
A K Agrawal and M Jassal, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. Nylon 66. Nylon 6. Effect of temperature. Effect of water concentration. Effect of stabilizer type and amount. Reactor design. Synthesis of modified polyamides (nylon 6). Modification at polymerization stage. Dyeability of Nylon 6. Cationic dyeable Nylon 6. Antistatic and hydrophilic Nylon 6. Flame retardant Nylon 6. Spinning of Nylon 6. Structure development during melt spinning of polyamides. Spinning of nylon 6. Drawing and heat setting. Mechanism of drawing in polyamides. Heat setting. References.
Poly (lactic acid) fibres (PLA)
D W Farrington, Consultant, UK, J Lunt, S Davies, Nature Works LLC, USA and R S Blackburn, University of Leeds, UK
Introduction. Chemistry and manufacture of PLA polymer resin. PLA fibre properties. Applications. Environmental sustainability. Future trends. References.
Environmental impact of polyester and polyamide textiles
K Slater, University of Guelph, Canada
Introduction. Types of environmental impact. Pollution types. Pollution prevention and control. Environmental impact of textile production processes and use conditions. Use conditions. Pollution control strategies. Eco-friendly technology options. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.
PART 2 IMPROVING FUNCTIONALITY OF POLYESTERS AND POLYAMIDES
Specialty fibres from polyester and polyamides
M G Kamath and G S Bhat, The University of Tennessee, USA
Introduction. Production, properties and applications of physically modified fibres. Production, properties and applications of chemically modified fibres. Design and process control aspects. Future trends. References.
Property enhancement through blending
R Alagirusamy and A. Das, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. Staple fibre blending. Evaluation of the blend. Migration. De-blending. Selection of blend constituents. Blend ratio. Types of blending operation. Influence of fibre properties and blend ratio on yarn properties. Blended yarn structures. Blending for speciality products. Summary. References.
Weaving technologies for manufacturing high performance fabrics
B K Behera Indian Institute of Technology, India
Principles of fabric formation. Fundamentals of woven structure. Basic weaves. Theoretical consideration in woven structure. High performance fabric. Yarn preparation for high quality fabric. Weaving systems. Production of some speciality fabrics. Future outlook in weaving. References.
Advances in coloration of polyester textiles
M L Gulrajani, Department of Textile Technology, India
Evolution of dyeing of polyester. Disperse dyes. Theory of dyeing with disperse dyes. Effect of fibre structure on dyeing. Dyeing procedures. New methods of dyeing. Dyeing of chemically modified polyester fibres. References.
Flame retardant polyester and polyamide textiles
P Joseph, University of Ulster, UK and J R Ebdon, University of Sheffield, UK
Background. Introduction. Testing procedure and hazard assessments - general aspects. Polyesters. Polyamides. Conclusions and future trends. Sources for further information and advice. References.
Advances in functional finishes for polyester and polyamide textiles
B S Butola, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. Properties and uses of polyester and polyamide fibre/textiles. Imparting functionality through finishing/coating/laminating. Recent advances in finishing. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.
The impact of nanotechnology on polyester and polyamides
M Joshi, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. What is nanotechnology? Origin of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology: applications in textiles. Surface modification of textiles: nanofinishing. Nanocoatings. Nanocomposite coatings. Nanotechnology based fibre modifications. Polymer / Clay nanocomposite fibres [PCNF]. Carbon Nanotube (CNT) based nanocomposite fibres. Nanoparticle based nanocomposite fibres. Nanofibres. Future trends. References.
PART 3 APPLICATIONS OF FIBROUS POLYESTERS AND POLYAMIDES
Polyester fibre-apparel applications
V K Kothari, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. Properties of polyester and polyamides and their suitability for apparel applications. Different fibre types for apparel purpose. Blends of polyamide and polyester. Apparel applications of polyamide and polyester fabric. Comparison of polyester and polyamides. Pivotal fibre modification. Current market potentials. Future trends. Acknowledgements. References.
B Gupta, N Grover, S Viju and S Saxena, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Introduction. Textiles for biomedicine. Textiles for hygiene products. Intelligent textiles. Conclusion. References.
J McCann, University of Wales, UK
Introduction. Fibre developments and characteristics. Design considerations. Textile selection. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.
T Matsuo, SCI-TEX, Japan
Introduction. Polyester and polyamide fibres of automotive use in terms of fibre performance requirement. Rubber composites parts. Internal safety systems. Car interiors. Others. Conclusion. References.
Applications of polyesters and polyamides in civil engineering
R Fangueiro, C Gonilho Pereira and M de Araújo, University of Minho, Portugal
Introduction. Polyester and polyamide fibres and structures for civil construction applications. Synthetic fibre-reinforced concrete. Geotechnical and geoenvironmental applications. Textile architectural applications. Ocean engineering applications. References.
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