Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > R&D Profile: Drug-eluting Anodized Titanium Orthopedic Implants: T. Webster, Brown University

Nanotubes Under High Magnification, Courtesy of T. Webster, Brown University
Nanotubes Under High Magnification, Courtesy of T. Webster, Brown University

Abstract:
The average functional lifetime of orthopedic implants has been estimated to be less than 15 years. Few studies have focused on creating an orthopedic implant with multi-functional drug release to inhibit infection and wound inflammation events while increasing new bone formation.

R&D Profile: Drug-eluting Anodized Titanium Orthopedic Implants: T. Webster, Brown University

Boston, MA | Posted on May 22nd, 2008

R&D Overview Courtesy of Thomas Webster, Associate Professor, Division of Engineering, Brown University.

Dr. Webster is a featured speaker at next month's NSTI Nanotech conference, and will also lead the one-day workshop Biomaterials and Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering Sunday, June 1.

In previous studies, titania nanotube arrays fabricated via anodization in dilute hydrofluoric acid were shown to increase bone growth compared to currently implanted titanium. In this study, these tubular structures were further utilized as novel prolonged-release drug delivery system. For this purpose, antibiotic drugs (penicillin and streptomycin) and an anti-inflammation drug (dexamethasone) were loaded into these nanotubular structures by either physical adsorption or electrochemical deposition. To mediate interactions between drug molecules and nanotube walls, anodized titanium nanotubes were modified by silanization to possess amine or methyl groups on their surface instead of OH groups. Results showed increased hydrophobicity of chemically modified titania nanotubes as well as improved drug loading efficiency on the more hydrophobic samples. These drug loaded substrates were soaked in phosphate buffered solution in a simulated body environment to determine drug release behavior. Buffer solution was collected and replaced every day. The eluted drug amounts were measured spectroscopically. Results showed prolonged drug releasing behavior from chemically modified nanotubes compared to conventional titanium substrates. In this manner, this study advances currently used titanium to possess drug release behavior which can improve orthopedic implant efficacy.

Since we have already demonstrated the in vitro efficacy of these anodized nanotubular contructs for releasing drugs (anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and pro-bone growing) and promoting new bone growth, we are planning to conduct in vivo verification. Currently, we are planning to conduct animal studies in which currently implant materials are modified via anodization to possess such novel nanotubular structures to both release drugs and promote new bone growth.

####

About NSTI
The Nano Science and Technology Institute (NSTI) is chartered with the promotion and integration of nano and other advanced technologies through education, technology and business development. NSTI accomplishes this mission through its offerings of continuing education programs, scientific and business publishing and community outreach. NSTI produces the annual Nanotech conference and trade show, the most comprehensive international nanotechnology convention in the world. NSTI also produces the semi-annual Nanotech Venture, Nanotech Industrial Impact Workshop, Nano Impact Summit and the Nanotech Course Series in the US and Europe. NSTI was founded in 1997 as a result of the merger between various scientific societies, and is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts with additional offices in California and Switzerland.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Sarah Wenning
696 San Ramon Valley Blvd., Ste. 423
Danville, CA 94526
Ph: (925) 901-4959
Fax: (925) 886-8461

Copyright © NSTI

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Scientists synthesize nanoparticle-antioxidants to treat strokes and spinal cord injuries January 16th, 2018

New catalyst for hydrogen production is a step toward clean fuel: Carbon-based nanocomposite with embedded metal ions yields impressive performance as catalyst for electrolysis of water to generate hydrogen January 16th, 2018

'Gyroscope' molecules form crystal that's both solid and full of motion: New type of molecular machine designed by UCLA researchers could have wide-ranging applications in technology and science January 16th, 2018

The nanoscopic structure that locks up our genes January 16th, 2018

Nanotubes/Buckyballs/Fullerenes/Nanorods

Nanotube fibers in a jiffy: Rice University lab makes short nanotube samples by hand to dramatically cut production time January 11th, 2018

Touchy nanotubes work better when clean: Rice, Swansea scientists show that decontaminating nanotubes can simplify nanoscale devices January 4th, 2018

Paving the way for a non-electric battery to store solar energy: UMass Amherst scientists say a polymer chain organized like a string of Christmas lights assists energy storage December 22nd, 2017

Nanotubes go with the flow to penetrate brain tissue: Rice University scientists, engineers develop microfluidic devices, microelectrodes for gentle implantation December 19th, 2017

Nanomedicine

Scientists synthesize nanoparticle-antioxidants to treat strokes and spinal cord injuries January 16th, 2018

The nanoscopic structure that locks up our genes January 16th, 2018

'Decorated' stem cells could offer targeted heart repair January 11th, 2018

Rice University lab modifies nanoscale virus to deliver peptide drugs to cells, tissues January 8th, 2018

Announcements

Scientists synthesize nanoparticle-antioxidants to treat strokes and spinal cord injuries January 16th, 2018

New catalyst for hydrogen production is a step toward clean fuel: Carbon-based nanocomposite with embedded metal ions yields impressive performance as catalyst for electrolysis of water to generate hydrogen January 16th, 2018

'Gyroscope' molecules form crystal that's both solid and full of motion: New type of molecular machine designed by UCLA researchers could have wide-ranging applications in technology and science January 16th, 2018

The nanoscopic structure that locks up our genes January 16th, 2018

Events/Classes

21st International Conference on Advanced Nanoscience and Nanotechnology December 31st, 2017

Leti Will Demonstrate First 3D Anti-Crash Solution for Embedding in Drones: Fitted on a Mass-Market Microcontroller, 360Fusion Software Technology Detects any Dynamic Obstacle and Helps Guide Drones Away from Collisions December 15th, 2017

Leti to Demo Wristband with Embedded Sensors to Diagnose Sleep Apnea: APNEAband, Which Will Be Demonstrated at CES 2018, Also Monitors Mountain Sickness, Dehydration, Dialysis Treatment Response and Epileptic Seizures December 12th, 2017

Arrowhead Presents New Clinical Data Demonstrating a Sustained Host Response in Hepatitis B Patients Following RNAi Therapy Up to 5.0 log10 reduction in HBsAg observed; data presented at HEP DART 2017 December 6th, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project