Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > China, India set pace in South-South scientific cooperation

Abstract:
Growing strategic science and technology cooperation between China and India promises a new outlook for the South.

China, India set pace in South-South scientific cooperation

India and China | Posted on May 18th, 2008

China and India are two of the fastest-growing economies in the world; they face similar opportunities and challenges, and could maximise benefits by sharing research and development (R and amp;D), according to Scidev.Net.

But until recently the scale and scope of their bilateral science and technology (S and amp;T) relations was narrow. Today, thanks to political leadership that fosters collaboration between the two countries, their science and technology communities are working jointly for mutual benefit and on topics that are highly relevant to global problems.

Bilateral science and technology contacts are flourishing. Research cooperation is blossoming even where the two countries were unwilling to share knowledge in the past. They are successfully implementing joint research projects in atmospheric, earth and space sciences. Previously, this was unthinkable for both sides.

Until the early years of this decade, China and India were cautious about bilateral cooperation. They saw themselves as competitors, and their border conflict prevented them from vigorously pursuing scientific cooperation. Some collaboration occurred, but mainly through multilateral channels with several other developed and developing countries.

In December 1988, the two countries formally agreed to cooperate in S and amp;T, and researchers expected their bilateral contacts to take off. But the scope and scale of research cooperation remained low because the policy of caution continued.

Between 1994 and 1999, collaborative work remained limited, concentrating on physics and clinical medicine (62 percent and 14 percent of joint publications respectively). And published papers from bilateral research projects averaged an impact factor of just 1.45, compared with 2.4 for multilateral research papers.

But when then Chinese prime minister Zhu Rongji visited India in 2002, bilateral relations were revived. The countries signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on S and amp;T, space cooperation and hydrological data sharing. For example, China agreed to share hydrological information about the Bramhaputra (Yalu Zangbu) river in the flood season.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Chinese National Space Administration also signed an MoU on cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.

In 2006, China's President Hu Jintao visited India and developed a '10 pronged strategy' that included boosting cooperation. Both sides agreed to launch joint research projects into earthquake engineering, climate change and weather forecasting, and nanotechnology and biotechnology (to focus on bio-nano research).

When Kapil Sibal, India's science and technology minister, signed an MoU in Beijing in 2006, he said the strategic relationship between the two countries would have its foundations in the hardware of China and the software of India, and would be based on high technology and research for pubic good.

China and India have realised that they have complementary science and technology strengths. For example, in genomics research, there are plans to use India's excellent software and human resources to analyse the large amount of experimental data being generated from high-throughput Chinese labs. The Indian Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology and the Beijing Genomics Institute have already entered into an MoU for scientific collaboration in genomics and genome informatics.

New collaborations are going beyond the interests of the two countries, and generating science that is relevant across the globe. For example, China has invited the Indian scientific community to propose collaborative research into the proteome of the human liver.

For almost two years, India's Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and the National Natural Science Foundation of China have worked together investigating changing environments, ocean variability, land ecosystems, land-ocean interactions, land-atmosphere interactions, ocean-atmosphere interactions and coupled modelling.

Joint research is closely related to the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) - a new international global change programme of the Earth System Science Partnership. MAIRS stresses the need for joint investigations into the global change and monsoon-driven processes that affect countries of the Asia-Pacific region.

Clearly, the ball is in the scientists' court. The politicians have given them well-identified collaborative directions. The researchers can now set the pace for South-South scientific cooperation on the problems of global change, renewable energy and health. Their joint research projects could make a constructive contribution to policymaking on global issues, helping resolve conflicting views amicably - by sharing knowledge.

(Dinesh Abrol researches India's science and technology policy at National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, New Delhi. Purnima Rupal manages bilateral and multilateral cooperative programmes for India's Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.)

####

Copyright © Indo-Asian News Service

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

Announcements

Forces of nature: Interview with microscopy innovators Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber August 26th, 2016

A promising route to the scalable production of highly crystalline graphene films August 26th, 2016

Graphene under pressure August 26th, 2016

Nanofiber scaffolds demonstrate new features in the behavior of stem and cancer cells August 25th, 2016

Alliances/Trade associations/Partnerships/Distributorships

Thomas Swan and NGI announce unique partnership July 28th, 2016

Starpharma initiates new DEP™ drug delivery program with AstraZeneca July 27th, 2016

XEI Scientific Partners with Electron Microscopy Sciences to Promote and Sell its Products in North and South America July 25th, 2016

Leti and Korea Institute of Science and Technology to Explore Collaboration on Advanced Technologies for Digital Era July 14th, 2016

Trade agreements/Negotiations

Iran Starts Exporting Nano Products to South Korea May 14th, 2016

Iranian Technologists Participate in CHInano 2015 November 4th, 2015

China to Host Iran National Day of Nanotechnology Next Week October 27th, 2015

8th Int'l Iran Nano 2015 Festival Kicks Off Work October 7th, 2015

Research partnerships

New electrical energy storage material shows its power: Nanomaterial combines attributes of both batteries and supercapacitors August 25th, 2016

New theory could lead to new generation of energy friendly optoelectronics: Researchers at Queen's University Belfast and ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have created a new theoretical framework which could help physicists and device engineers design better optoelectronics August 23rd, 2016

A new way to display the 3-D structure of molecules: Metal-organic frameworks provide a new platform for solving the structure of hard-to-study samples August 21st, 2016

Researchers watch catalysts at work August 19th, 2016

New-Contracts/Sales/Customers

Thomas Swan and NGI announce unique partnership July 28th, 2016

Oxford Instruments and Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory collaborate to develop HTS magnet technology components for high field superconducting magnet systems June 29th, 2016

Nanometrics Selected for Third-Generation 3D-NAND Process Control: Atlas® Systems Extend Advanced Device Manufacturing Capability June 14th, 2016

Industrial Nanotech, Inc. Signs Agreement With and Receives First Purchase Order from Major New Customer in China June 6th, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project







Car Brands
Buy website traffic