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Home > Press > Nanoparticle Clusters Offer Surprises for Physical Chemists

Continuous negative ion mass spectrometer. Credit Bowen Lab/JHU
Continuous negative ion mass spectrometer. Credit Bowen Lab/JHU

Abstract:
Extremely small scale materials behave differently than one might expect when they come into close proximity to one another. The principles of basic physical chemistry are not quite as clear cut as one might imagine. And it is these properties that inspire the research of Kit Bowen Jr., the E. Emmett Reid Professor of Chemistry in the Krieger School of Arts and Science and affiliated faculty member of the Institute for NanoBioTechnology.

Nanoparticle Clusters Offer Surprises for Physical Chemists

Baltimore, MD | Posted on April 2nd, 2008

Bowen studies the intermolecular action of nanoparticles and of clusters—aggregates of atoms and molecules. The study of size specific clusters provides an insightful means of addressing fundamental problems in physical chemistry, Bowen explains, and his lab is developing techniques to look at a very wide range of cluster components in biological systems, chemistry problems and material science.

To study clusters, Bowen uses a very sensitive chemistry probe known as negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy, which is based on the fact that it takes a certain amount of energy to knock an electron from a negatively charged ion.

"The technique uses light to ionize excess electrons from negative ions," Bowen says. "The measurement of the electrons' energies gives information about the electronic structure of the neutral species produced when an electron leaves its anion." Using this method, recent studies have discovered whole groups of chemical species, such as types of aluminum hydrides, not previously known to be possible. Another study co-authored by Bowen and published in Science (Feb. 15, 2008) examined electron-induced proton transfer in acid-base reactions.

"In terms of application of this research, it is more oriented toward fundamental principle studies," Bowen says. "However, it could possibly be useful for future hydrogen storage applications, magnetic tapes, and as catalysts."

In an academic setting, Bowen has been able to freely pursue novel ideas, something that might not be possible in industry. "Industry needs science to guide their production development just like sailors need the North Star to navigate at night," he says, adding that collaboration has been important for his academic endeavors. "Every professor has different skills."

Bowen's passion for science is contagious and he is devoted to scientific outreach, realizing the importance of being exposed to science at a young age. In the past, some high school and even middle school students have spent time over the summer in Bowen's lab. Some of the students chose to further their education in science as a result. Several have gone on to earn their PhD's in chemistry or physics, he says.

Ziqiu "Tommy" Tong, pre-doctoral student in INBT's NanoBio Med program, contributed to this article, which was written as part of the Intersession 2008 course requirements of Science Writing for Scientists and Engineers.

####

About Institute for NanoBioTechnology
The Institute for NanoBioTechnology at Johns Hopkins University is revolutionizing health care by bringing together internationally renowned expertise in medicine, engineering, the sciences, and public health to create new knowledge and groundbreaking technologies.

INBT programs in research, education, outreach, and technology transfer are designed to foster the next wave of nanobiotechnology innovation.

Approximately 155 faculty are affiliated with INBT and are also members of the following Johns Hopkins institutions: Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Whiting School of Engineering, School of Medicine, Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Applied Physics Laboratory.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:

* Institute for NanoBioTechnology
214 Maryland Hall
3400 North Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218

*
* Phone: (410) 516-3423
* Fax: (410) 516-2355

Copyright © Institute for NanoBioTechnology

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Related Links

Soren N. Eustis, Dunja Radisic, Kit H. Bowen, Rafa A. Bachorz, Maciej Haranczyk, Gregory K. Schenter, Maciej Gutowski. Electron-Driven Acid-Base Chemistry: Proton Transfer from Hydrogen Chloride to Ammonia. Science, Feb. 15, 2008: Vol. 319. No. 5865, pp. 936 – 939.

Kit Bowen research group Web site

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