Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Researchers play role in world’s largest science forum

Abstract:
Arizona State University researchers converged at the world's largest interdisciplinary science forum, the 2008 annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The theme of this year's Boston meeting, "Science and Technology from a Global Perspective," was well-aligned with several ASU presentations concerning climate change, science and democracy, nanotechnology, and public health, to name a few.

Researchers play role in world’s largest science forum

Tempe, AZ | Posted on February 26th, 2008

Among the ASU highlights from the conference:

• Recipient of the AAAS 2007 Mentor Award, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, an ASU Regents' Professor and mathematical epidemiologist in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, concluded in his presentation that in an era of "superbugs," such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureas, and increasing concern over bacterial infections, mathematical modeling, if used to develop policies and treatment protocols, may reduce drug-resistant infections in hospitals.

• ASU Regents' Professor and Biodesign Institute scientist Charles Arntzen summarized the use of plants as pharmaceutical factories to tackle global health issues, where infectious disease is the leading cause of death. Arntzen pointed out that since the dawn of biotechnology in the 1970s, there are now more than 400 biotech drugs on the market, yet all of them are quite costly to produce.

"This is where plants can be of benefit," says Arntzen, "by lowering the facility cost of manufacturing therapeutics for the pharmaceutical industry." Arntzen's research group focuses on developing plant-based vaccines that require no refrigeration and can be delivered needle-free, creating a significant asset for global health.

• Biology is crucial to understanding mental health, "but there is more to psychosis than mere biology," says Jason Robert, an ASU bioethicist and philosopher of science.

"My claim is that gene maps and brain scans will likely not be able to offer universal, culture-free representations of the essence of mental illness. That is, mental illness is subject to biological and socio-cultural factors, such that isolating any of these as core elements will almost always miss the mark at the expense of patient care," he says.

• Striking the proper balance on the oversight of publicly funded science is an essential question for Daniel Sarewitz, director of the Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes at ASU. Sarewitz's AAAS presentation focuses on the effect of too much voter involvement in funding science.

"While increased democratization in the sciences is certainly desirable, direct democracy - putting it to the public to decide which programs are worthy of funding and which are not - is an absurd way to fund science," Sarewitz says.

• Scientists and the general public tend to agree that the promise of nanotechnology is great, but there are risks to it and they should be governed accordingly.

The risk of nanotechnology is seen differently among scientists than the public. But in broad categories of risk versus reward both groups seem to agree on going slow and being cautious of the technology's deleterious effects. These were among the findings of a recent survey presented by Elizabeth Corley, an ASU assistant professor in the School of Public Affairs.

• Perhaps no other question looms as large in the public mind these days as the balance of nature. Climate change, the depletion of natural resources, and globally declining fish stocks are but a few of the issues that remind us that ours is a fragile world. Or is it?

According to Ann Kinzig, an ASU associate professor in the School of Life Sciences, ideas about nature's balance widely diverge across lines of culture, livelihood and political ideology. "Some view nature as fragile, easily upset by human activity and in need of protection, while others view nature as extremely robust and nearly endless in its capacity to continue to supply needed resources in the face of heavy human exploitation," Kinzig says.

• "Think globally, act locally" makes for a nice bumper sticker - but is it effective for coping with global climate change? Can local actions make a difference in a process principally driven by worldwide trends?

The short answer is "no," according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, but there is more to the story, says Charles Perrings, a professor of environmental economics at ASU. Understanding the value of ecosystem change is one more tile in the global climate change mosaic, one that scientists and policy-makers must understand if they are to accurately assess costs and benefits of proposed actions, track ecological assets and develop means of remedying the problem.

####

About Arizona State University
ASU has a vision to be a New American University, promoting excellence in its research and among its students, faculty and staff, increasing access to its educational resources and working with communities to positively impact social and economic development.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:

Skip Derra,
480-965-4823
Media Relations
Carol Hughes,
480-965-6375
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Copyright © Arizona State University

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related News Press

News and information

Silk could improve sensitivity, flexibility of wearable body sensors August 20th, 2017

The power of perovskite: OIST researchers improve perovskite-based technology in the entire energy cycle, from solar cells harnessing power to LED diodes to light the screens of future electronic devices and other lighting applications August 18th, 2017

Gold nanostars and immunotherapy vaccinate mice against cancer: New treatment cures, vaccinates mouse in small proof-of-concept study August 18th, 2017

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet August 17th, 2017

Announcements

Silk could improve sensitivity, flexibility of wearable body sensors August 20th, 2017

The power of perovskite: OIST researchers improve perovskite-based technology in the entire energy cycle, from solar cells harnessing power to LED diodes to light the screens of future electronic devices and other lighting applications August 18th, 2017

Gold nanostars and immunotherapy vaccinate mice against cancer: New treatment cures, vaccinates mouse in small proof-of-concept study August 18th, 2017

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet August 17th, 2017

Safety-Nanoparticles/Risk management

Tests show no nanotubes released during utilisation of nanoaugmented materials June 9th, 2017

NanoMONITOR shares its latest developments concerning the NanoMONITOR Software and the Monitoring stations April 21st, 2017

NIST updates 'sweet' 1950s separation method to clean nanoparticles from organisms January 27th, 2017

Nanoparticle exposure can awaken dormant viruses in the lungs January 17th, 2017

Events/Classes

Silk could improve sensitivity, flexibility of wearable body sensors August 20th, 2017

FRITSCH • Milling and Sizing! Innovations at POWTECH 2017 - Hall 2 • Stand 227 August 9th, 2017

Thermo Fisher Scientific Showcases Innovations in Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy at M&M 2017: New analytical technologies improve workflows for life sciences and materials science researchers August 8th, 2017

Nanometrics Announces Upcoming Investor Events August 3rd, 2017

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE



  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project