Nanotechnology Now

Our NanoNews Digest Sponsors

Heifer International

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Home > Press > Photonic Gel Films Hold Promise

Photonic gel crystals demonstrate the "tunability" of materials made from alternating layers of hard and soft polymers. The soft polymers are easily swollen with liquid or vapor, causing the materials to reflect different colors of light based on the way their molecules are chemically "tuned".

Credit: Courtesy of Edwin L. Thomas, MIT
Photonic gel crystals demonstrate the "tunability" of materials made from alternating layers of hard and soft polymers. The soft polymers are easily swollen with liquid or vapor, causing the materials to reflect different colors of light based on the way their molecules are chemically "tuned".

Credit: Courtesy of Edwin L. Thomas, MIT

Abstract:
By alternating layers of two different polymers - one rigid and glassy, the other soft and easily swollen with liquid or vapor - researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) report they've created photonic gel crystals that can be tuned to reflect light of many different colors across the visible and near-infrared spectrum.

Photonic Gel Films Hold Promise

Cambridge, MA | Posted on October 21st, 2007

The research results, reported in the Oct. 21 online issue of Nature Materials by Principal Investigator Edwin Thomas and his colleagues at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's department of materials science and engineering, demonstrate the degree to which these photonic materials are tunable through changes in the soft layer's thickness and index of refraction. The responsiveness of the photonic crystals makes them likely candidates for active components of display, sensory or telecommunication devices.

"This is an ingenious and easy-to-implement method for making photonic materials whose optical properties can be readily tuned over a wide range [of the spectrum]," said Andrew Lovinger, director of the polymers program at NSF, which funded this research.

In one example, the researchers show very large, reversible optical changes by varying the salt content of a water solution in which these films are dipped. Multicolor patterns can be made by sequential coating of films, with the color of each region depending on the degree to which their molecules are chemically interconnected.

"We expect these photonic gels will lead to many novel applications, including colorimetric sensors, active components of simple display devices, and electrically controlled tunable optically pumped lasers, photonic switches and multiband filters," Thomas said.

NSF funded the research in 2003 through a three-year grant aimed at creating new nanomaterials that are tunable through magnetic, chemical or other techniques. Following the discovery of intriguing new effects by Thomas and his colleagues involving the interaction of light and sound in these nanomaterials, his grant was extended for two additional years through a "special creativity award."

-NSF-

####

About National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, with an annual budget of $5.92 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to over 1,700 universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 42,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes over 10,000 new funding awards. The NSF also awards over $400 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

For more information, please click here

Contacts:
Media Contacts
Diane E. Banegas
NSF
(703) 292-8070


Anne Trafton
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(617) 253-6936


Program Contacts
Andrew Lovinger
National Science Foundation
(703) 292-4933


Principal Investigators
Edwin Thomas
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
617-253-6901

Copyright © National Science Foundation

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Bookmark:
Delicious Digg Newsvine Google Yahoo Reddit Magnoliacom Furl Facebook

Related Links

NSF Home Page

NSF News

For the News Media

Science and Engineering Statistics

Awards Searches

Related News Press

Display technology/LEDs/SS Lighting/OLEDs

Trace metal recombination centers kill LED efficiency: UCSB researchers warn that trace amounts of transition metal impurities act as recombination centers in gallium nitride semiconductors November 3rd, 2016

Diamond nanothread: Versatile new material could prove priceless for manufacturing: Would you dress in diamond nanothreads? It's not as far-fetched as you might think November 3rd, 2016

Researchers surprised at the unexpected hardness of gallium nitride: A Lehigh University team discovers that the widely used semiconducting material is almost as wear-resistant as diamonds October 31st, 2016

Inspiration from the ocean: An interdisciplinary team of researchers at UC Santa Barbara has developed a non-toxic, high-quality surface treatment for organic field-effect transistors October 18th, 2016

Govt.-Legislation/Regulation/Funding/Policy

Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors December 6th, 2016

Construction of practical quantum computers radically simplified: Scientists invent ground-breaking new method that puts quantum computers within reach December 5th, 2016

Shape matters when light meets atom: Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices December 4th, 2016

Research Study: MetaSOLTM Shatters Solar Panel Efficiency Forecasts with Innovative New Coating: Coating Provides 1.2 Percent Absolute Enhancement to Triple Junction Solar Cells December 2nd, 2016

Sensors

Shape matters when light meets atom: Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices December 4th, 2016

Deep insights from surface reactions: Researchers use Stampede supercomputer to study new chemical sensing methods, desalination and bacterial energy production December 2nd, 2016

Tip-assisted chemistry enables chemical reactions at femtoliter scale November 16th, 2016

'Back to the Future' inspires solar nanotech-powered clothing November 15th, 2016

Discoveries

Leti IEDM 2016 Paper Clarifies Correlation between Endurance, Window Margin and Retention in RRAM for First Time: Paper Presented at IEDM 2016 Offers Ways to Reconcile High-cycling Requirements and Instability at High Temperatures in Resistive RAM December 6th, 2016

Tokyo Institute of Technology research: 3D solutions to energy savings in silicon power transistors December 6th, 2016

Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors December 6th, 2016

Fast, efficient sperm tails inspire nanobiotechnology December 5th, 2016

Announcements

Leti IEDM 2016 Paper Clarifies Correlation between Endurance, Window Margin and Retention in RRAM for First Time: Paper Presented at IEDM 2016 Offers Ways to Reconcile High-cycling Requirements and Instability at High Temperatures in Resistive RAM December 6th, 2016

Tokyo Institute of Technology research: 3D solutions to energy savings in silicon power transistors December 6th, 2016

Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors December 6th, 2016

Infrared instrumentation leader secures exclusive use of Vantablack coating December 5th, 2016

Grants/Awards/Scholarships/Gifts/Contests/Honors/Records

Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors December 6th, 2016

Shape matters when light meets atom: Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices December 4th, 2016

Quantum obstacle course changes material from superconductor to insulator December 1st, 2016

'Back to the Future' inspires solar nanotech-powered clothing November 15th, 2016

Photonics/Optics/Lasers

Shape matters when light meets atom: Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices December 4th, 2016

Controlled electron pulses November 30th, 2016

New method for analyzing crystal structure: Exotic materials called photonic crystals reveal their internal characteristics with new method November 30th, 2016

Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics November 28th, 2016

NanoNews-Digest
The latest news from around the world, FREE




  Premium Products
NanoNews-Custom
Only the news you want to read!
 Learn More
NanoTech-Transfer
University Technology Transfer & Patents
 Learn More
NanoStrategies
Full-service, expert consulting
 Learn More











ASP
Nanotechnology Now Featured Books




NNN

The Hunger Project