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Inexpensive photovoltaics made possible; available via new technology licensing program
NanoHorizons™ Patents Cost and Efficiency Breakthrough for Solar Cells and Organic LEDs
State College, PA | June 07, 2005
NanoHorizons, Inc., an emerging leader in applied nanoscale materials and solutions, announced today that it has received a notice of allowance from the US Patent Office for its innovative nanoscale photovoltaic cell design. NanoHorizons’ design enables dramatic improvements in solar cell efficiency and breakthrough reductions in fabrication costs. Brighter, more efficient Organic LEDs (OLEDs) are also made possible. The new technology will be available via NanoHorizons’ new Technology Licensing Program.
Breaking the Barrier to Cheap AND Efficient Solar Energy: “Layered Design” is the problem
Solar-generated electrical power using today’s best photovoltaics costs 4-10 times more than conventional power generation because today’s solar cells are far too expensive to deploy widely and are only about 15% efficient.
In conventional photovoltaic cell designs, photons enter an absorption layer producing energized electrons. These electrons travel across a portion of the absorption layer to a collection layer where electrical energy is captured. Both the absorption of photons producing energized electrons and the collection of that energy occur along one line of travel, perpendicular to the layers of the cell.
“Layered designs face an inherent paradox,” explains co-inventor Dr. Ali Kaan Kalkan, “Thicker light-absorbing layers are needed to capture sufficient light energy, but their thickness makes it difficult for electrons to reach collection layers. Thinner layers reduce loss, but thin layers absorb too little light. What’s been needed is a new approach that allows the light absorption path to be optimally long, while simultaneously moving efficient collection much closer to the source of energized electrons.”
NanoHorizons’ innovation: A 90-degree turn and applied nanotechnology
NanoHorizons’ design utilizes a single nanoscale-engineered structure to perform both absorption and collection: An array of efficient vertically-aligned collector “nano-spikes” (made of nanofibers, nanowires, nanotubes, or nanoparticle chains) rise throughout a layer of light-absorptive material. By integrating vertical nano-spike collectors into the absorption material itself, energy collection now occurs at 90 degrees to the absorption process. Click here to see an illustration of how this this technology works.
This breakthrough enables photovoltaics builders to use an optimally thick absorption layer while dramatically shortening collection distance by as much as 1000-fold (tens of nanometers vs. tens of microns in today’s best two-layer cells) – eliminating the impact of absorption layer thickness on collection distance.
Brighter future for photovoltaics and organic LEDs
“Solar energy development has been held up by barriers inherent in cell design. These barriers have now been broken,” said Stephen Fonash, PhD., founder of NanoHorizons and co-inventor of the newly patented technology. “Our nanoscale approach can enable collection lengths as small as a few tens of nanometers, opening the door to the use of inexpensive materials and fabrication processes, while simultaneously enabling a truly optimized absorption length. This technology is poised to greatly stimulate growth in the solar energy and Organic LED sectors.”
New photovoltaic devices utilizing NanoHorizons’ technology can be manufactured with lower-quality materials on high-throughput production lines that use rollers and coating/spraying machines.
Technology Licensing Program launched
Nanohorizons also announced its Technology Licensing Program, which will include the breakthrough photovoltaic invention. The Program will enable interested companies to utilize selected elements of NanoHorizons’ extensive intellectual property portfolio with a range of royalty arrangements.
“Our fundamental strategy is to invest in product development for only a few components of our broad intellectual property portfolio, and offer attractive technology licensing arrangements for other parts of the portfolio,” said Robert Burlinson, Nanohorizons’ CEO. “We believe that many prominent firms in the photovoltaic and OLED fields will find great interest in licensing this invention.”
About NanoHorizons Inc.:
Founded in 1998, NanoHorizons focuses on nanotechnology applications in the drug discovery, microelectronics, consumer products and health care industries and has licensed a comprehensive portfolio of nanotechnology intellectual property from the Penn State Research Foundation. Its research and development team continuously produces additional real-life solutions using nanotechnology in applied materials science.
NanoHorizons’s new product and application introductions include: noble metal nanoparticles; QuickMass™ for mass spectrometry, which addresses the need for more cost effective compound screening in pharmaceutical research and increased drug discovery capacity; and nano-material based humidity sensors in applications such as environmental control, respiration monitors and medical diagnostics.
For more information, please visit www.nanohorizons.com
Nicolas A. Boillot
Dennis I. Schneider
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