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September 15th, 2004
Richard Smalley to Speak at Brookhaven Lab
Richard E. Smalley, winner of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of a structure of carbon atoms known as a "buckyball," will give a series of two lectures at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. On Tuesday, October 19, at 4 p.m., Smalley will present a lecture on "Our Energy Challenge," and on Wednesday, October 20, at 11 a.m., he will speak about "The Brave New World of Buckytubes."
Nobel Laureate Richard Smalley to Speak at Brookhaven Lab, October 19 and 20
Upton, N.Y. September 15, 2004
Richard E. Smalley, winner of the 1996 Nobel Prize in
Chemistry for the discovery of a structure of carbon atoms known as a
"buckyball," will give a series of two lectures at the U.S.
Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. On Tuesday,
October 19, at 4 p.m., Smalley will present a lecture on "Our Energy
Challenge," and on Wednesday, October 20, at 11 a.m., he will speak
about "The Brave New World of Buckytubes." Sponsored by Brookhaven
Science Associates through the George B. Pegram Lectureship Series,
in which distinguished scholars examine topics of both scientific and
general interest, the lectures are open to the public and will be
held in the Laboratory's Berkner Hall. Visitors to the Laboratory age
16 and over must bring a photo ID.
In his first lecture on October 19, Smalley will explore the
difficult problem of supplying the world with energy in the 21st
century and beyond. In order to maintain adequate energy supplies for
the world's expanding population, scientists will have to find a new,
economical energy source that can provide at least 10 terawatts (TW)
of clean power on a sustainable basis. To achieve and sustain a
modern lifestyle for the billions of people in the developing world,
50 TW of clean power would be needed.
How will we get the 10 to 50 TW of new power? How will we transport
this energy, store it, and transform it? Can the new energy be
discovered and used soon enough to avoid the hard economic times,
terrorism, war, and human suffering that is likely to occur as we
fight over the dwindling oil and gas reserves on the planet?
Energy may very well be the single most critical challenge facing
humanity in this century, and Smalley believes that nanotechnology
will be the key to solving it. Nanotechnology - technology executed
on the scale of billionths of a meter - makes possible the creation
of materials with new properties, perhaps leading to new ways to
make, transmit and store energy.
In his October 20 lecture, Smalley will discuss "buckytubes,"
elongated buckyballs that are essentially a new high-tech polymer
that can conduct electricity. Experiments and theory have shown that
these tubes can be either metals or semiconductors and, when made
with molecular perfection, can exhibit revolutionary electrical,
thermal and mechanical properties on the nanometer scale. In this
lecture, Smalley will discuss the basic science underlying the exotic
chemical and physical properties, as well as the methods of
production, purification, analysis, and assembly of buckytubes for
solving real-world technological problems.
Richard E. Smalley earned his bachelor's degree in 1965 from the
University of Michigan, his master's degree in 1971, and his Ph.D. in
1973, both from Princeton University, with an intervening four-year
period in industry as a research chemist with the Shell Chemical
Company. During his postdoctoral research years at the University of
Chicago, Smalley pioneered a powerful technique in chemical physics
called supersonic beam laser spectroscopy.
Smalley joined Rice University in 1976, and was named to the Gene and
Norman Hackerman Chair of Chemistry in 1982. He was founder of the
Rice Quantum Institute in 1979, and served as the chair from 1986 to
1996. In 1990, he became a professor in the Physics Department, and,
in 2002, he was appointed University Professor. From 1996 to 2002,
Smalley was founding director of the Center for Nanoscale Science and
Technology at Rice, and he is now director of the university's Carbon
Nanotechnology Laboratory. Smalley's research has led to the startup
of a new company, Carbon Nanotechnologies, Inc., which is currently
developing large-scale production and applications of buckytubes.
Besides receiving the Nobel Prize, Smalley has been honored with
numerous professional awards including the 1992 Lawrence Award, the
1996 Franklin Medal, and the 2002 Glenn T. Seaborg Medal. He is a
member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences.
For more information, call (631) 344-2345. The Laboratory is located
on William Floyd Parkway (County Road 46), one and a half miles north
of Exit 68 of the Long Island Expressway.
One of ten national laboratories overseen and primarily funded by the
Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Brookhaven
National Laboratory conducts research in the physical, biomedical,
and environmental sciences, as well as in energy technologies and
national security. Brookhaven Lab also builds and operates major
scientific facilities available to university, industry and
government researchers. Brookhaven is operated and managed for DOE's
Office of Science by Brookhaven Science Associates, a
limited-liability company founded by Stony Brook University, the
largest academic user of Laboratory facilities, and Battelle, a
nonprofit, applied science and technology organization. Visit
Brookhaven Lab's electronic newsroom for links, news archives,
graphics, and more: bnl.gov/newsroom.
Mona S. Rowe
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